Youth pride

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Youth pride, an extension of the Gay pride and LGBT social movements, promotes equality amongst young members (usually above the age of consent) of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, and Queer (LGBTIQ+) community.[1] The movement exists in many countries and focuses mainly on festivals and parades, enabling many LGBTIQ+ youth to network, communicate, and celebrate their gender and sexual identities.[1] Youth Pride organizers also point to the value in building community and supporting young people as they are more likely to get gay bashed and bullied.[2][3] Schools that have a Gay-Straight Alliance (GSA) handle issues of discrimination and violence against LGBTIQ+ youth better than schools that do not because they help develop community and coping skills and give students a safe-space to get health and safety information.[4][5] Sometimes the groups avoid labelling young people and instead let them identify themselves on their own terms "when they feel safe".[6]

Gay and lesbian youth bear an increased risk of suicide, substance abuse, school problems, and isolation because of a "hostile and condemning environment, verbal and physical abuse, rejection and isolation from family and peers".[7][8] Further, LGBTIQ+ youths are more likely to report psychological and physical abuse by parents or caretakers, and more sexual abuse. Suggested reasons for this disparity are that (1) LGBTIQ+ youths may be specifically targeted on the basis of their perceived sexual orientation or gender non-conforming appearance, and (2) "risk factors associated with sexual minority status, including discrimination, invisibility, and rejection by family members...may lead to an increase in behaviors that are associated with risk for victimization, such as substance abuse, sex with multiple partners, or running away from home as a teenager."[9] A 2008 study showed a correlation between the degree of rejecting behavior by parents of LGBTIQ+ adolescents and negative health problems in the teenagers studied.[10] Crisis centers in larger cities and information sites on the Internet have arisen to help youth and adults.[11] The Trevor Helpline, a suicide prevention helpline for LGBTIQ+ youth, was established by the filmmakers following the 1998 airing on HBO of the Academy Award winning short film Trevor; Daniel Radcliffe donated a large sum to the group and has appeared in service ads for them condemning homophobia.[12]

The increasing mainstream acceptance of the greater LGBTIQ+ communities prompted the Massachusetts Governors' Commission on Gay and Lesbian Youth to start an annual Gay-Straight Youth Pride observance in 1995.[1][13] In 1997 the Youth Pride Alliance was founded as a non-profit to put on an annual youth pride event in Washington, D.C.[14][15] In 1998 Candace Gingrich was one of the speakers at Washington D.C.'s Youth Pride Alliance, a coalition of 25 youth support and advocacy groups.[16] In 1999, the first annual Vermont Youth Pride Day was held. As of 2009 it is the largest queer and allied youth event in Vermont and is organized by Outright Vermont to "break the geographic and social barriers gay youngsters living in rural communities face".[17] In 2002, a college fair was added to the event to connect students with colleges and discuss issues relating to how to track students and ensure their safety.[18] In April 2003 a Youth Pride Chorus partly organized with New York's LGBT Community Center started rehearsals and later performed at a June Pride concert at Carnegie Hall with the New York City Gay Men's Chorus.[19] in 2004 the San Diego chapter of Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN) worked with the San Diego Youth Pride coordinators to organize the Day of Silence throughout the county.[20][21] In 2005, the Decatur Georgia Youth Pride participated in a counter-protest against Westboro Baptist Church, led by church head Fred Phelps' daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper, who were "greeting students and faculty as they arrived with words such as "God hates fag enablers" and "Thank God for 9/11" at ten locations.[22] In 2008, Chicago's Youth Pride Center, primarily serving "LGBT youth of color", opened a temporary location and will move into their newly constructed building on Chicago's South Side in 2010.[23] In 2009, Utah Pride Center held an event to coincide with Youth Pride Walk 2009, a "cross-country walk by two Utah women trying to draw attention to the problems faced by homeless LGBT youth".[24][25] In August 2010, the first Hollywood Youth Pride was held with a focus on the "large number of homeless LGBT youth living on Los Angeles streets."[26] According to a 2007 report "of the estimated 1.6 million homeless American youth, between 20 and 40 percent identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.[27]

At larger pride parades and festivals there are often LGBTIQ+ or queer youth contingents, and some festivals designate safe-spaces for young people to provide safety and security.[28][29][30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lisa Neff, Pride by Many Other Names: Whether it's a Dyke March, Black Gay Pride, or a Youth Rally, Gay Men and Lesbians are Finding New Ways to Celebrate Their Diversity". The Advocate, June 25, 2002. 25 June 2002. pp. 50–55.
  2. ^ Bockenek, et al, pages 49-53.
  3. ^ "Guide to the Youth Pride, Inc. Records". Washington D.C. 14 December 2016.
  4. ^ Bockenek, et al, pages 110-115.
  5. ^ "What is a GSA club?". GSA Network. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  6. ^ Steph McKenna, "Diversity spotlight: Youth Pride Inc.", The Providence Journal, August 22, 2010.
  7. ^ Gibson, P. (1989), "Gay and Lesbian Youth Suicide", in Fenleib, Marcia R. (ed.), Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide, United States Government Printing Office, ISBN 0-16-002508-7
  8. ^ Affairs (ASPA), Assistant Secretary for Public (2019-09-24). "LGBTQ Youth". StopBullying.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  9. ^ Balsam, Kimberly F.; Esther D. Rothblum (June 2005). "Victimization Over the Life Span: A Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Siblings" (PDF). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 73 (3): 477–487. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.477. PMID 15982145.
  10. ^ Ryan, Caitlin; David Huebner; Rafael M. Diaz; Jorge Sanchez (January 2009). "Family Rejection as a Predictor of Negative Health Outcomes in White and Latino Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults". Pediatrics. 123 (1): 346–352. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-3524. PMID 19117902. S2CID 33361972.
  11. ^ Caruso, Kevin, "Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Suicide", Suicide.org, retrieved 2007-05-04
  12. ^ ""Daniel Radcliffe to appear in anti-homophobia ad: Daniel Radcliffe will appear in a public service announcement to condemn homophobia."". Pink News. 1 March 2010.
  13. ^ Ethan Jacobs, "Mitt Romney's secret gay history!", Bay Windows, March 3, 2005.
  14. ^ "Dyer Appointed as District LGBT Director", District Chronicles, September 9, 2007.
  15. ^ "Youth Pride Alliance – The DC Center for the LGBT Community". Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  16. ^ "Gingrich to speak at Gay Youth Pride Day", press release at Salon.com
  17. ^ "Youth gay, lesbian event set for city", Rutland Herald, May 1, 2009.
  18. ^ Steve Desroches (3 September 2002). "They Want U: A College Fair in Boston Helps Connect Gay and Lesbian Students With Schools Who Want Them On Campus". The Advocate, Sept. 3, 2002. p. 36.
  19. ^ Smith Galtney, "All Together Now: A New Chorus for GLBT Youth Prepares a Holiday Concert in New York", page 50, Out, December 2003.
  20. ^ Travis D. Bone, "San Diego schools observe Day of Silence: National event aims to make schools safer", Gay & Lesbian Times, April 15, 2004.
  21. ^ "Join Us for Day of Silence on April 24, 2020 and Support LGBTQ Students!". GLSEN. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  22. ^ Terri Blackwell, Carolyn Mathews and Melissa Winder, "Groups chant their opinions at 10 protests", White County News Telegraph, March 10, 2005.
  23. ^ "LGBT Chicago Year in Review", Windy City Times, December 29, 2007.
  24. ^ "Utah Pride Center hosts LGBT homeless youth event", Associated Press, 8 July 2009.
  25. ^ "Homelessness & Housing | Youth.gov". youth.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  26. ^ Steve La, "Hollywood Youth Pride Hopes To Help Young People In L.A.", LA Weekly, August 23, 2010.
  27. ^ Nicholas Ray, Colby Berger, Susan Boyle, Mary Jo Callan, Mia White, Grace McCelland, Theresa Nolan, "Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth: An epidemic of homelessness", National Gay And Lesbian Task Force, National Coalition for The Homeless, January 30, 2007.
  28. ^ S.D.Liddick (June 2005). "A Church Divided". San Diego Magazine, June 2005. pp. 109–113.
  29. ^ Inside Pride, San Francisco Pride Guide, pages, pages 40-42, June 2010.
  30. ^ "Tips To Stay Safe during PRIDE". NYC Anti-Violence Project. 2018-06-20. Retrieved 2020-12-08.