Wikipedia:Wiki Ed/Harvard Summer School/Introduction to Linguistics (Summer)

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Course name
Introduction to Linguistics
Harvard Summer School
Andrew Nevins
Wikipedia Expert
Shalor (Wiki Ed)
Course dates
2017-06-19 00:00:00 UTC – 2017-08-04 23:59:59 UTC
Approximate number of student editors

Introduction to Linguistics

Student Assigned Reviewing
Catearmi Greek language French language, Letter (alphabet)
AaronMerrell Japanese language Irish Language
Zoe1117 British English Letter (alphabet), Greek language
Msracheldixon French language
Jem8953 Irish language Letter (alphabet), Beatboxing
Yarinashen Haitian Creole Sino-Tibetan language, Japanese language
Umbereenbmirza Turkish language Urdu, French language
19Diana81 Icelandic language
Sanakareem20 Arabic Urdu, Italian Language
Rgima Welsh language French langage, Spanish language
Fantinij German language Irish language, Proto-Indo-European language
Wongoc Chinese language Japanese language, Mandarin Chinese
Esotericbubbba Indo-European languages French language, German language
Cythirixs Japanese language Italian Language, Igbo language
Judy Charamand
Djiang1019 Italian language Welsh language, German language
Arista.w Beatboxing Brazilian Portuguese
Kadiatou Keita French language Keita Dynasty
Kgondim Igbo language Alaska Native languages, Italian language
Angelali98 Alaska Native languages Japanese language, Icelandic language
Ashleyhpace French language Welsh language, Irish language
JasminePflepsen Letter (alphabet) Letter (alphabet)
Bfrasure Samoan language Turkish language, Ticuna
Libna26 Spanish Language
Sarahaubrey13 German language Japanese language, Icelandic language
Shalineem Hindi Arabic
Reanna.shah Italian language Indo-European languages, Igbo language
Lilyb283 Zaiwa language, Territory, Pedestrian Beatboxing
Yulu Tian Mandarin Chinese Japanese language, Cantonese
Chh8414 Spanish language, Ticuna, Ticuna language Beatboxing, Alaska Native languages, Proto-Indo-European language
Teresay017 Sino-Tibetan language Haitian Creole, Hindi
Amarissaostmo Urdu Turkish, Samoan
Jackpaulryan Proto-Indo-European language Indo-European languages, Spanish language
Jwgracie Korean language
Elisarennie Letter (alphabet)
Rorschaq Brazilian Portuguese British English, Letter (alphabet)


Week 1

Course meetings
Tuesday, 20 June 2017   |   Thursday, 22 June 2017
In class - Introduction to the Wikipedia project

Welcome to your Wikipedia project's course timeline. This page will guide you through the Wikipedia project for your course. Be sure to check with your instructor to see if there are other pages you should be following as well.

This page breaks down writing a Wikipedia article into a series of steps, or milestones. These steps include online trainings to help you get started on Wikipedia.

Your course has also been assigned a Wikipedia Content Expert. Check your Talk page for notes from them. You can also reach them through the "Get Help" button on this page.

To get started, please review the following handouts:

Assignment - Get started on Wikipedia
  • Create an account and join this course page, using the enrollment link your instructor sent you. (To avoid hitting Wikipedia's account creation limits, this is best done outside of class. Only 6 new accounts may be created per day from the same IP address.) 
  •  It's time to dive into Wikipedia. Below, you'll find the first set of online trainings you'll need to take. New modules will appear on this timeline as you get to new milestones. Be sure to check back and complete them! Incomplete trainings will be reflected in your grade. 
  •  When you finish the trainings, practice by introducing yourself to a classmate on that classmate’s Talk page. 

This week, everyone should have a Wikipedia account.

Week 2

Course meetings
Tuesday, 27 June 2017   |   Thursday, 29 June 2017
Assignment - Select & Copyedit an article

Familiarize yourself with editing Wikipedia by copyediting an article.

In class - Discussion
What's a content gap?

Now that you're thinking about what makes a "good" Wikipedia article, consider some additional questions.

  • Wikipedians often talk about "content gaps." What do you think a content gap is, and what are some possible ways to identify them?
  • What are some reasons a content gap might arise? What are some ways to remedy them?
  • Does it matter who writes Wikipedia?
  • What does it mean to be "unbiased" on Wikipedia? How is that different, or similar, to your own definition of "bias"?
Assignment - Evaluate your Wikipedia article

 It's time to think critically about Wikipedia articles. You'll evaluate a Wikipedia article related to the course and leave suggestions for improving it on the article's Talk page. 

  • On the Students tab, make sure your chosen topic is assigned to yourself.
  • Complete the "Evaluating Articles and Sources" training (linked below).
  • Create a section in your sandbox titled "Article evaluation" where you'll leave notes about your observations and learnings. 
  • Read your language article again. As you read, consider the following questions (but don't feel limited to these): 
    • Is everything in the article relevant to the article topic? Is there anything that distracted you?
    • Is the article neutral? Are there any claims, or frames, that appear heavily biased toward a particular position?
    • Are there viewpoints that are overrepresented, or underrepresented?
    • Check a few citations. Do the links work? Does the source support the claims in the article?
    •  Is each fact referenced with an appropriate, reliable reference? Where does the information come from? Are these neutral sources? If biased, is that bias noted? 
    • Is any information out of date? Is anything missing that could be added?
    •  Check out the Talk page of the article. What kinds of conversations, if any, are going on behind the scenes about how to represent this topic? 
    • How is the article rated? Is it a part of any WikiProjects?
    • How does the way Wikipedia discusses this topic differ from the way we've talked about it in class?
  •  Optional: Choose at least 1 question relevant to the article you're evaluating and leave your evaluation on the article's Talk page. Be sure to sign your feedback with four tildes — Helaine (Wiki Ed) (talk) 18:42, 1 August 2017 (UTC). Reply[reply]

Week 3

Course meetings
Thursday, 6 July 2017
Assignment - Find your sources

In your sandbox, write a few sentences about what you plan to contribute to the selected article. 

  • Think back to when you did an article critique. What can you add? Post some of your ideas to the article's talk page, too. 
  • Compile a list of relevant, reliable books, journal articles, or other sources. Post that bibliography to the talk page of the article you'll be working on, and in your sandbox. Make sure to check in on the Talk page to see if anyone has advice on your bibliography. 
Assignment - Draft your article

You've picked a topic and found your sources. Now it's time to start writing.

Creating a new article?

  • Write an outline of that topic in the form of a standard Wikipedia article's "lead section." Write it in your sandbox.
    • A "lead" section is not a traditional introduction. It should summarize, very briefly, what the rest of the article will say in detail. The first paragraph should include important, broad facts about the subject. A good example is Ada Lovelace. See Editing Wikipedia page 9 for more ideas.

Improving an existing article?

  • Identify what's missing from the current form of the article. Think back to the skills you learned while critiquing an article. Make notes for improvement in your sandbox.

Keep reading your sources, too, as you prepare to write the body of the article.

Resources: Editing Wikipedia pages 7–9


Everyone has begun writing their article drafts.

Week 4

Course meetings
Tuesday, 11 July 2017   |   Thursday, 13 July 2017
In class - Discussion
Thinking about Wikipedia
  • What do you think of Wikipedia's definition of "neutrality"?
  • What are the impacts and limits of Wikipedia as a source of information?
  • On Wikipedia, all material must be attributable to reliable, published sources. What kinds of sources does this exclude? Can you think of any problems that might create?
  • If Wikipedia was written 100 years ago, how might its content (and contributors) be different? What about 100 years from now?
Assignment - Expand your draft
  • Keep working on transforming your article into a complete first draft. Get draft ready for peer-review.
  • If you'd like a Content Expert to review your draft, now is the time! Click the "Get Help" button in your sandbox to request notes.
Assignment - Peer review and copy edit
  • First, take the "Peer Review" online training.
  • Select two classmates’ articles that you will peer review and copyedit. On the Articles tab, find the articles that you want to review. Then in the "My Articles" section of the Home tab, assign them to yourself to review.
  • Peer review your classmates' drafts. Leave suggestions on on the Talk page of the article, or sandbox, that your fellow student is working on. Other editors may be reviewing your work, so look for their comments! Be sure to acknowledge feedback from other Wikipedians.
  • As you review, make spelling, grammar, and other adjustments. Pay attention to the tone of the article. Is it encyclopedic?

Every student has finished reviewing their assigned articles, making sure that every article has been reviewed.

Week 5

Course meetings
Tuesday, 18 July 2017   |   Thursday, 20 July 2017
Assignment - Respond to your peer review

You probably have some feedback from other students and possibly other Wikipedians. It's time to work with that feedback to improve your article!

  • Read Editing Wikipedia pages 12 and 14.
  • Return to your draft or article and think about the suggestions. Decide which ones to start implementing. Reach out to your instructor or your Content Expert if you have any questions.
Assignment - Begin moving your work to Wikipedia

Once you've made improvements to your article based on peer review feedback, it's time to move your work to Wikipedia proper - the "mainspace."

Editing an existing article?

  • NEVER copy and paste your draft of an article over the entire article. Instead, edit small sections at a time.
  • Copy your edits into the article. Make many small edits, saving each time, and leaving an edit summary. Never replace more than one to two sentences without saving!
  • Be sure to copy text from your sandbox while the sandbox page is in 'Edit' or 'Edit source' mode. This ensures that the formatting is transferred correctly.

Creating a new article?

  • Read Editing Wikipedia page 13, and follow those steps to move your article from your Sandbox to Mainspace.
  • You can also review the [[../../../training/students/sandboxes|Sandboxes and Mainspace]] online training.
Assignment - Did You Know
  • Optional: For new articles or qualifying expansions of stubs, compose a one-sentence “hook,” nominate it for “Did you know,” (see the DYK instructions handout) and monitor the nomination for any issues identified by other editors. Wiki Education Foundation staff can provide support for this process.

Handout: "Did You Know" submissions

Assignment - Continue improving your article

Do additional research and writing to make further improvements to your article, based on suggestions and your own critique.

  • Read Editing Wikipedia page 12 to see how to create links from your article to others, and from other articles to your own. Try to link to 3–5 articles, and link to your article from 2–3 other articles. 
  • Continue to expand and improve your work, and format your article to match Wikipedia's tone and standards. 
  • Remember to contact your Content Expert at any time if you need further help! 

Week 6

Course meetings
Tuesday, 25 July 2017   |   Thursday, 27 July 2017
Assignment - Optional
Illustrate your article

You'll want to find or create an appropriate photo, illustration, or piece of video/audio to add to your article.

  • Before you start, review the Illustrating Wikipedia handbook, or see Editing Wikipedia pages 10–11. 
  • When you've reviewed those pages, take the training linked below.
  • When you're ready to start finding images, remember: Never grab images you find through an image search, or those found on Instagram, Tumblr, Reddit, Imgur, or even so-called "Free image" or "free stock photo" websites. Instead, you'll want to find images with clear proof that the creator has given permission to use their work. Many of these images can be found on or
  • If you want to add your own image, remember: don't just upload an image to Wikipedia. Instead, upload it to Wikipedia's sister site for images, Wikimedia Commons. For instructions, read through the Illustrating Wikipedia handbook. 
Assignment - Final article

It's the final week to develop your article.

  • Read Editing Wikipedia page 15 to review a final check-list before completing your assignment.
  • Don't forget that you can ask for help from your Content Expert at any time!

Everyone should have finished all of the work they'll do on Wikipedia, and be ready for grading.