Wikipedia:Version 0.5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Articles included in the Version 0.5 test release

This CD contains a collection of a total of 1,964 core articles taken from the English version of Wikipedia (, the online encyclopedia. This is a test version, designed to prepare the way for a larger release. Considerable effort has been made to exclude errors, but it is not perfect. Although the collection is not comprehensive, it does include most major topics. Some specialised articles have been included, in order to showcase excellent writing on narrower topics. Articles may be found using the search engine, the alphabetical list or the navigation pages.

The collection contains all countries of the world, all global cities and all known chemical elements as of January 1st, 2007. All articles are released under the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL, For a complete list of contributors for a given article, visit and consult the history section of the article. All images are either declared to be public domain, GFDL, or Creative Commons licenses ( For information about author and copyright for a specific image, please visit or

1 Arts
2 Language and literature
3 Philosophy and religion
4 Everyday life
5 Society and social sciences
6 Geography
7 History
8 Applied sciences and technology
9 Mathematics
10 Natural sciences

Nuvola music.svg


For opera, see under theatre (Language and literature)

By nation, people, region or country

Music of the United States — (1 articles)

Classical music, including performers and composers

Bach, Johann SebastianBeethovenClarke, Rebecca HelferichMozartStravinsky, IgorGiuseppe Verdi — (6 articles)

Genres, styles and eras

Gregorian chantMusicSalsa music — (3 articles)


Guqin — (1 article)

Music festivals

Eurovision Song Contest — (1 article)

Performers and composers, except classical

Armstrong, LouisThe BeatlesCarey, MariahDavis, MilesDion, CelineDuran DuranDylan, BobGaye, MarvinIron MaidenThe KLFKrauss, AlisonMarley, BobMinogue, KylieNirvana (band)Pink FloydElvis PresleyQueen (band)SelenaShakur, TupacSpringsteen, BruceThe SupremesThe Temptations

— (21 articles)

Recordings and compositions

Hey JudeHimno Nacional Mexicano (Mexican national anthem) (I Can't Get No) SatisfactionI Want to Hold Your HandIllmaticLayla — Mexicanos, al grito de guerra, see Himno Nacional MexicanoMy BelarusyNational Anthem of Russia — (8 articles)

Nuvola apps chat.png
Language and linguistics


Alphabets and transliteration

AlphabetWriting — (2 articles)



Chinese languageEnglish languageIdoPortuguese languageRussian languageSwedish languageTamil languageVulgar Latin — (9 articles)


LinguisticsNames of the GreeksNoam ChomskyVowelStutteringSplit infinitive — (6 articles)

Nuvola apps bookcase.svg





InformationLibrary of CongressThree Laws of Robotics

Classes of literature

African American literatureAugustan literatureCyberpunkFictionImagismMythology (see under religion for mythology articles) — NovelRestoration literatureTheatre (see also theatre section below) — Turkish literature

Specific works -- novels

The Brothers KaramazovCrime and PunishmentFrankensteinThe GiverThe Hitchhiker's Guide to the GalaxyThe Illuminatus! TrilogyThe Lord of the RingsNineteen Eighty-FourThe Old Man and the SeaOroonokoStarship TroopersA Tale of a TubTreasure Island

Specific works -- miscellaneous

Aradia, or the Gospel of the WitchesBook of KellsThe CantosThe Country WifeHrafnkels sagaPeterborough ChronicleThe Protocols of the Elders of ZionOrmulumVoynich manuscript


BatmanCalvin and HobbesCaptain Marvel (DC Comics)Felix the CatKrazy KatScooby-DooThe SimpsonsSupermanThe Adventures of TintinWalt DisneyWatchmen


Alliterative verseEnglish poetryIrish poetryModernist poetry in EnglishObjectivist poetsPoetryPoetry of the United States — (7 articles)

Writers and critics -- Americas

Mário de AndradeIsaac AsimovJorge Luis BorgesH.D.T. S. EliotRobert A. HeinleinDavid HelvargErnest HemingwayHenry JamesJack KerouacEdgar Allan PoeThomas PynchonMark TwainWalt Whitman

Writers and critics – Europe

Douglas AdamsDante AlighieriAugusta, Lady GregoryJane AustenSamuel BeckettLord ByronCædmonMiguel de CervantesColley CibberCharles DickensFyodor DostoevskyAnne FrankJohann Wolfgang GoetheBrothers GrimmHomerVictor HugoHenrik IbsenJames JoyceFranz KafkaRudyard KiplingJohn MiltonEzra PoundMarcel ProustAleksandr PushkinJ. K. RowlingWalter ScottWilliam ShakespeareJohn Millington SyngeJ. R. R. TolkienLeo TolstoyVirgilVoltaireOscar WildeWilliam Butler Yeats

Writers and critics - other continents

Du FuMuhammad IqbalRabindranath Tagore — (3 articles)

Yin yang.svg



AristotleFrancis BaconConfuciusRené DescartesThomas HobbesDavid HumeImmanuel KantSøren KierkegaardLaoziJohn LockeNiccolò MachiavelliFriedrich NietzschePlatoJean-Jacques RousseauSocratesHenry David ThoreauLudwig Wittgenstein — (18 articles)

Philosophical thought and movements

PhilosophyAnarchismEmpiricismExistentialismFree willLogicMindNihilismPhilosophy of mindStoicismTaoismUtilitarianism — (12 articles)




AllahAmunApolloAthenaEnkiGodGaneshaIsisMolochOsirisQuetzalcoatlZeus — (12 articles)


AtlantisCreationismGreek mythologyMaya mythologyNorse mythologyRoman mythologySlavic mythologySpring Heeled Jack — (8 articles)

Places of worship

Angkor WatMosque



Religious disputes

For Crusades articles, see history

Creation-evolution controversy — (1 article)

Religious figures and leaders

List of popesThomas AquinasAugustine of HippoGautama BuddhaJohn CalvinColumbaFather DamienFrancis of AssisiJesusMartin LutherMother TeresaMuhammadNostradamusPaul of TarsusPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul IIPope Pius XIIAdi ShankaraEarly life of Joseph Smith, Jr.Zoroaster — (20 articles)

Religious movements, traditions and organizations

ReligionAnglicanismBahá'í FaithBuddhismChristianityGreco-BuddhismHinduismHistory of BuddhismHistory of Jews in PolandIslamJehovah's WitnessesJudaismKnights of ColumbusMormonReligious Society of FriendsRoman Catholic ChurchShintoSikhismThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsZoroastrianism — (21 articles)

Religious texts

BibleRevised Standard Version — (2 articles)


Anno DominiBrahmanBuddhaHebrew calendarIdolatryNames of God in JudaismSatanShroud of TurinTrimurtiTrinity — (10 articles)

Everyday life


General topics

Note: Many of these articles are also listed under more specific subject headings.

AdvertisingAquariumBusinessClothingCrimeCultureDayEducationEmotionHealthFamilyHouseHumourInformationJewelleryLawLeisureLoveMailMass mediaMoneyPopular cultureShoe polishSleepToy (24 articles)

Food and drink


Food and agriculture

AgricultureBananaBlack pepperBreadButterCattleCheeseChickenChocolateCocoaFishingFoodFruitPotatoRiceSaffronWheat (17 articles)


BeerMilkTeaAbsintheCoffee (5 articles)

Awards and heraldry
A coloured voting box.svg
Politics and government



Six-party talks concerning North Korea's nuclear programTiananmen Square protests of 1989 — (2 articles)

Politically significant people

Also see the History and war section below.

Tony BlairGordon BrownEdmund BurkeGeorge W. BushBill ClintonFrederick DouglassIndira GandhiFrederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and AvaStephen HarperHirohitoAdolf HitlerJohn HowardMartin Luther King, Jr.Nelson MandelaKarl MarxHo Chi MinhEva PerónCondoleezza RiceFranklin D. RooseveltTheodore RooseveltMargaret SangerMao Zedong — (21 articles)

Politics and government

PoliticsGovernmentAnarcho-capitalismBritish House of CommonsBritish monarchyCanadian House of Commons — Canadian Senate, see Senate of CanadaCapitalismCommunismEuropean ParliamentEuropean UnionFascismGovernment of FranceHistory of the PeerageHouse of LordsKu Klux KlanLeague of NationsLiberalismLibertarianismLibrary of CongressMarxismMercantilismMonarchies in the European UnionParliament of CanadaParliament of MalaysiaParliament of the United KingdomPrime Minister of the United KingdomPrivy Council of the United KingdomPropagandaSenate of CanadaSocialismSpeaker of the British House of CommonsSpeaker of the United States House of RepresentativesUnited NationsUnited States CongressUnited States House of RepresentativesUnited States Senate — (35 articles)


Flag of AustraliaFlag of BelarusFlag of Hong KongFlag of IndiaFlag of MexicoFlag of South AfricaFlag of the Republic of ChinaUnion Flag — (8 articles)




Sigmund FreudCarl Jung — (2 articles)


PsychologyAsperger syndromeAutismEmotionHumourKohlberg's stages of moral developmentMilgram experimentProject MKULTRAPsychosisPsychotherapySchizophrenia — (11 articles)

Nuvola apps kuser.svg
Society and sociology



AnthropologyAzerbaijani peopleBlack SeminolesDayuanIranian peoplesMandanPashtun peoplePictsTamil people — (9 articles)

Community organisations

Baden-Powell HouseBelarusian Republican Youth UnionBoy Scouts of America membership controversiesEagle Scout (Boy Scouts of America)History of merit badges (Boy Scouts of America)Knights of ColumbusRobert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-PowellScouting — (7 articles)

For scouting awards see "Awards and decorations" section above.

Mass media

Mass mediaBBCPublishing — (3 articles)

For film and TV see Language and Literature (theatre section).

Sociology and social phenomena

CivilizationCommunicationCommunityCultureFamilyGenderPopular cultureRaceSocietySociologySociocultural evolutionTrade unionTradition — (13 articles)

Sociologists and Anthropologists

Claude Lévi-StraussMax Weber — (2 articles)

Geography and places


For a complete list of countries, also see List of countries or the Countries tree. For flags see politics section (under Society and social sciences).


League of NationsList of members of the Commonwealth of Nations by date joinedUnited Nations


For articles on African topics, see the Africa tree


List of African countriesAlgeriaAngolaBeninBotswanaBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosRepublic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoCôte d'IvoireDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonThe GambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauKenyaLesothoLiberiaLibyaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRéunionRwandaSaint HelenaSão Tomé and PríncipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSudanSwazilandTanzaniaTogoTunisiaUgandaWestern SaharaZambiaZimbabwe


AbidjanAddis AbabaCairoCape TownHarareJohannesburgNairobiSuburbs of Johannesburg


AfricaCongo RiverNiger RiverNileSuez CanalZambezi


For articles on Antarctic topics, see the Oceania and Antarctica tree
AntarcticaAntarctic Treaty SystemBouvet IslandFrench Southern and Antarctic LandsHeard Island and McDonald IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouthern Ocean


For articles on Asian topics, see the Asia tree


List of Asian countriesAfghanistanArmeniaAzerbaijanBahrainBangladeshBhutanBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei — Burma, see MyanmarCambodiaChina (historical, also see PR China and Rep. China) — People's Republic of ChinaRepublic of ChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsCyprusGeorgiaHong KongIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIsraelJapanJordanKazakhstanNorth KoreaSouth KoreaKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLebanonMacauMalaysiaMaldivesMongoliaMyanmarNepalOmanPakistanPalestinian National AuthorityPhilippinesQatarSaudi ArabiaSingaporeSri LankaSyria — Taiwan, see Republic of ChinaTajikistanThailandEast TimorTurkeyTurkmenistanUnited Arab EmiratesUzbekistanVietnamYemen


Abu DhabiAlmatyBangaloreBangkokBeijingCanton (city), also called GuangzhouChennaiColomboDelhiDubaiGangtokGuangzhouHanoiHo Chi Minh CityHong KongJakartaJerusalemKarachiKolkataKuala LumpurManilaMumbaiOsakaRiyadhSeoulShanghaiTaipeiTashkentTehranTel AvivTokyo


AmurAsiaEuphratesGanges RiverGrand Canal of ChinaGyeongjuGoaGeography of IndiaIndus RiverIsanJordan RiverKeralaKochi (India)KrakatoaMalwa (Madhya Pradesh)MekongMount PinatuboSikkimTaiwanTibetTigrisYangtze RiverYenisei RiverYellow River


For articles on European topics, see the Europe tree


List of European countriesList of European Union member states by accessionÅlandAlbaniaAndorraAustriaBelarusBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCzech RepublicDenmarkEnglandEstoniaFaroe IslandsFinlandFranceGermanyGibraltarGreeceGuernseyHungaryIcelandRepublic of IrelandIsle of ManItalyJan MayenJerseyLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgRepublic of MacedoniaMaltaMoldovaMonacoMontenegroNetherlandsNorthern IrelandNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaSan MarinoSerbiaScotlandSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSvalbardSwedenSwitzerlandUkraineUnited KingdomVatican CityWales


AarhusAmsterdamAntwerpAthensBarcelonaBaselBath, SomersetBerlinBirminghamBristolBolognaBratislavaBrusselsBudapestBucharestCologneCopenhagenDresdenDublinDüsseldorfEdinburghFrankfurtGenevaGenoaGlasgowGothenburgThe HagueHamburgHelsinkiIstanbulKievLeedsLilleLisbonLondonLuxembourg (city)LyonMadridManchesterMarseilleMilanMoscowMunichOsloParisPragueRomeRotterdamSaint PetersburgSarajevoSheffieldStockholmStuttgartTurinUtrecht (city)ViennaWarsawZürich


British Isles (terminology)City status in the United KingdomDanubeDorsetEldfellEuropeGeography of IrelandKosovoMoorgateNational parks of England and WalesPiccadilly CircusRhineRiver ThamesRondane National ParkSurtseyVolga River

North America

For articles on North American topics, see the North America tree


List of North American countriesAnguillaAntigua and BarbudaArubaThe BahamasBarbadosBelizeBermudaBritish Virgin IslandsCanadaCayman IslandsCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEl SalvadorGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaHaitiHondurasJamaicaMartiniqueMexicoMontserratNavassa IslandNetherlands AntillesNicaraguaPanamaPuerto RicoSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesTrinidad and TobagoTurks and Caicos IslandsUnited StatesUnited States Virgin Islands


List of Canadian provinces and territories by areaCalgaryEdmontonMontrealOttawaTorontoVancouver

U.S. cities

Ann Arbor, MichiganAtlanta, GeorgiaBaltimore, MarylandBoston, MassachusettsChicagoCleveland, OhioColumbus, OhioDallas, TexasDenver, ColoradoDetroit, MichiganHouston, TexasKansas City, MissouriLas Vegas, NevadaLos Angeles, CaliforniaLouisville, KentuckyMiami, FloridaMinneapolis, MinnesotaNewark, New JerseyNew York CityPhiladelphiaRichmond, VirginiaSan Francisco, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaSeattle, WashingtonWashington, D.C.

U.S. parks and related

List of areas in the National Park System of the United StatesBryce Canyon National ParkCarlsbad Caverns National ParkCraters of the Moon National Monument and PreserveDeath Valley National ParkGlacier National Park (US)Mount RushmoreMount St. HelensRedwood National and State ParksShoshone National ForestYellowstone National ParkYosemite National ParkZion National Park

U.S. miscellaneous



Colorado RiverColumbia RiverErie CanalList of U.S. states by date of statehoodMackenzie RiverMauna LoaMississippi RiverMissouri RiverNiagara FallsNorth AmericaSaint Lawrence Seaway

Other North American

Mexico CityTijuana


For articles on topics relating to Oceania, see the Oceania and Antarctica tree


List of Oceanian countriesAmerican SamoaAustraliaChristmas IslandCook IslandsFederated States of MicronesiaFijiFrench PolynesiaGuamKiribatiMarshall Islands — Micronesia, see Federated States of MicronesiaNauruNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNiueNorfolk IslandNorthern Mariana IslandsPalauPapua New GuineaPitcairn IslandsSamoaSolomon IslandsTokelauTongaTuvaluVanuatuWallis and FutunaBaker IslandHowland IslandJarvis IslandJohnston AtollKingman ReefMidway AtollPalmyra AtollWake Island


AdelaideBrisbaneAucklandCanberraMelbourneSydneyWellingtonYarralumla, Australian Capital Territory


Caroline IslandThe CatlinsDarling RiverGreat Barrier ReefLake Burley GriffinMurray RiverOceania

South America

For articles on South American topics, see the South America tree


List of South American countriesArgentinaBoliviaBrazilChileColombiaEcuadorFalkland IslandsFrench GuianaGuyanaParaguayPeruSurinameUruguayVenezuela


BogotáBrasíliaBuenos AiresCaracasLimaMontevideoRio de JaneiroSantiago, ChileSão Paulo


Cape HornSouth AmericaAmazon River

Geographers and explorers

Neil ArmstrongChristopher ColumbusFerdinand MagellanMarco Polo — (4 articles)


For articles relating to atmospheric sciences, see natural sciences.

GeographyCityClimateContinentCountryGlacierGlobal cityList of countriesList of lakesList of rivers by lengthList of sovereign statesList of world's largest lakesSea — (13 articles)

Bodies of water

Note:Rivers and canals have been listed above (by continent).

GeneralArctic OceanAtlantic OceanBlack SeaCaribbean SeaIndian OceanMediterranean SeaPacific OceanSouthern Ocean — (8 articles)

AfricaLake ChadLake TanganyikaLake Victoria — (3 articles)

AntarcticaLake Vostok — (1 article)

AsiaAral SeaLake BaikalBay of BengalCaspian SeaDead SeaIssyk KulLake TobaPersian GulfRed SeaSea of GalileeSouth China SeaStrait of Malacca — (12 articles)

EuropeBaltic SeaEnglish ChannelNorth Sea — (3 articles)

North AmericaGreat LakesGreat Salt LakeGulf of MexicoHudson BayLake MeadLake PowellLake SuperiorLake Tahoe — (8 articles)

South AmericaLake Titicaca — (1 article)

Jordens inre.svg
Geology, geophysics, and mineralogy


Geology and geophysics


1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens2004 Indian Ocean earthquakeIronGeology of the Grand Canyon areaHistory of EarthMauna LoaNatural disasterOceanPlate tectonicsSoilVolcano — (12 articles)


DiamondAmmoliteMineralTurquoise — (4 articles)

Map symbol museum 02.png

ArchaeologyEgyptian pyramidsGiza pyramid complexOxyrhynchusSylvanus Morley — (5 articles)

Noia 64 apps kworldclock.png


HistoryHistory of the world

Many historical articles are listed elsewhere under politics, geography, etc. For a more complete listing see Wikipedia:Version 0.5/History.

Historians, chroniclers and history books

Edward GibbonHerodotusThucydidesAthanasius Kircher — (4 articles)

Historical figures (by area of importance, not birth)
African figures

AkhenatenAmda Seyon I of EthiopiaCleopatra VIIHannibal BarcaHatshepsutShaka — (6 articles)

Asian figures

AkbarAttalus ICyrus the GreatMahatma GandhiQin Shi HuangMuhammad Ali JinnahGenghis KhanSardar Vallabhbhai PatelSheikh Mujibur RahmanSaladinSuleiman the MagnificentTimur (Tamerlane) — Hasekura Tsunenaga — (13 articles)

European figures (incl. Byzantium)

Alexander the GreatElias AshmoleAttila the HunAugustusMark AntonyOtto von BismarckJoel BrandJulius CaesarCatherine II of RussiaCharlemagne — (also listed under Royalty/Nobility) Charles V, Holy Roman EmperorWinston ChurchillClaudiusConstantine IJohn DeeDemosthenesElagabalusElizabeth I of EnglandEpaminondasGeorge II of Great BritainGeorge FoxFrederick II, Holy Roman EmperorFrederick II of PrussiaList of French monarchsList of monarchs in the British IslesMikhail GorbachevHenry II of EnglandHenry VIII of EnglandHeracliusAdolf HitlerIvan IV of RussiaManuel I KomnenosStanisław KoniecpolskiVladimir LeninLouis XIV of FranceMacbeth of ScotlandBenito MussoliniNapoleon I of FrancePenda of MerciaWitold PileckiPeter I of RussiaPhilip II of SpainArmand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal RichelieuJoseph StalinVictoria of the United KingdomRudolf VrbaJonathan WildWilliam I of EnglandWilliam the Silent — (49 articles)

North or South American figures

Ike AltgensSimón BolívarIsaac BrockHernán CortésAdriaen van der DonckW. Mark FeltCarl G. FisherHelen GandyFranklin B. GowenChe GuevaraGerald FordBenjamin FranklinZiad JarrahThomas JeffersonAbraham LincolnWilliam N. PageRosa ParksSamantha SmithGeorge Washington — (19 articles)

Oceania - historical figures

Yagan — (1 article)

General history articles by area of importance
World history

Black DeathBritish EmpireCrusadesFirst CrusadeHistory of the worldIndustrial RevolutionList of members of the Commonwealth of Nations by date joinedLaikaRadhaniteSecond CrusadeSpace RaceRMS Titanic — (12 articles)


Congo Free StateHistory of Cape Colony from 1870 to 1899History of Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870Makuria — (4 articles)


Byzantine EmpireChola dynasty — Crusades - see World history History of Central AsiaIndo-Greek KingdomLothalPolitical integration of IndiaQing DynastyRadhaniteSassanid EmpireSino-German cooperation (1911-1941)Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 — (10 articles)


1755 Lisbon earthquakeAnschlussBerlin WallByzantine Empire — Crusades, see World history — Dál RiataÉireEngland expects that every man will do his dutyFranksHabsburg SpainHistory of Jews in PolandHistory of LimerickHistory of Poland (1945–1989)History of Portugal (1777–1834)History of post-Soviet RussiaHistory of RussiaHistory of the NetherlandsThe HolocaustItalian RenaissanceKatyn massacreList of European Union member states by accessionMagna CartaMarshall PlanMauthausen-Gusen concentration campOld Swiss ConfederacyPictsPolish-Lithuanian CommonwealthRenaissanceRussian constitutional crisis of 1993S. A. Andrée's Arctic balloon expedition of 1897Scotland in the High Middle AgesSino-German cooperation (1911-1941)Treaty of Devol — (31 articles)

North and South America

Bath School disasterColumbine High School massacreGettysburg AddressGreat Lakes Storm of 1913History of AlaskaHistory of ArizonaHistory of GreenlandHistory of Miami, FloridaHistory of New JerseyHistory of Puerto RicoHistory of the Grand Canyon areaHistory of the Yosemite areaKu Klux KlanProject MKULTRASeptember 11, 2001 attacks — (15 articles)


Eureka StockadeHistory of the Australian Capital TerritorySydney Riot of 1879History of Burnside — (4 articles)

Time periods

1st century BC1st century2nd century3rd century4th century5th century6th century7th century8th century9th century10th century11th century12th century13th century14th century15th century16th century17th century18th century19th century20th century21st centuryAncient historyAnno DominiDayDark AgesMiddle AgesModern historyPrehistoric man — (29 articles)

Aero-stub img.svg
Military and war



War — (1 article)

Armies and military units

Lord's Resistance ArmyImperial Japanese Navy — (2 articles)

Biographies of military people

Attila the HunHusein GradaščevićJoan of ArcHoratio Nelson, 1st Viscount NelsonRichard O'ConnorArthur Ernest PercivalPericlesWilliam Tecumseh ShermanThrasybulusAleksandr Vasilevsky — (10 articles)

Conflicts, battles and military exercises, World War II

Attack on Pearl HarborBattle of the BulgeBattle of the Eastern SolomonsBattle of Leyte GulfBattle of MidwayBattle of MoscowBattle of NormandyBattle of Rennell IslandBattle of the Santa Cruz IslandsBattle of Smolensk (1943)Battle of StalingradBlitzkriegNaval Battle of GuadalcanalOperation DownfallOperation Ten-GoRaising the Flag on Iwo JimaWorld War II — (16 articles)

Conflicts, battles and military exercises, 20th/21st century miscellaneous

Able Archer 83Algerian Civil WarBattle of JutlandBattle of the SommeBattle of Warsaw (1920)Cristero WarDarfur conflictDefense of Sihang WarehouseIraq WarKargil WarPolish-Soviet WarSecond Congo WarWestern Front (World War I)World War IYom Kippur War — (15 articles)

Conflicts, battles and military exercises, pre-20th century

American Civil WarAmerican Revolutionary WarBattle of AlesiaBattle of AusterlitzBattle of BadrBattle of BicoccaBattle of CannaeCorinthian WarCrusadesItalian War of 1521Napoleonic WarsPolish–Muscovite War (1605–1618)War of the League of CambraiWarsaw Uprising (1794)War of the Spanish Succession — (16 articles)

Military camps, tribunals and facilities

Colditz CastleMauthausen-Gusen concentration camp — (1 article)

Military history

InvasionMilitary history of CanadaMilitary history of FranceMilitary history of Puerto RicoMilitary history of the Soviet UnionSwedish allotment system — (6 articles)

Weapons and military equipment

AK-47Chemical warfareF-4 Phantom IIF-35 Lightning IIIowa class battleshipNuclear weaponJarmann M1884KammerladerKrag-JørgensenKrag-PeterssonPoison gas in World War IS-mineT-34U.S. Navy Marine Mammal ProgramUSS Wisconsin (BB-64)WeaponTank — (15 articles)


SiegeTrench warfare — (2 articles)

Nuvola apps display.png


People in computing

Charles Babbage — (1 articles)


Caesar cipherCryptographyData Encryption StandardEnigma machineROT13 — (5 articles)

Hardware and infrastructure

$100 laptop, see Children's MachineAcorn ComputersASCIICentral processing unitChildren's MachineColor Graphics AdapterCPU cacheCommodore 64ComputerFloppy diskHistory of computing hardwareiPodMacintoshQuantum computer — (13 articles)


Programming language Markup language — (2 articles)


For computer/video games, see Everyday life.

Architecture of Windows NTBtrieveCommon Unix Printing SystemDelrinaEmacsGNU/Linux naming controversyInternet ExplorerMicrosoftMicrosoft WindowsMozilla FirefoxOpenBSDPaXSpeech synthesisubuntuWindows 2000Windows XPX Window core protocolX Window System — (18 articles)

Websites and the Internet

InternetHTTP cookieGooglePhishingSpyware — (5 articles)

Nuvola apps ksysv.png



Air transport

AircraftF-4 Phantom IIF-35 Lightning II — (3 articles)

Bridges and tunnels

— ( articles)

Maritime transport

For oceans, seas and rivers see the Geography listing. For warships see the weapons section under War. Panama CanalSaint Lawrence SeawayShipSuez Canal — (4 articles)

Railway transport

Canadian Pacific RailwayIndian RailwaysJohn Bull (locomotive)London UndergroundMass Rapid Transit (Singapore)Rail transport in IndiaTrainTGV — (8 articles)

Road transport

AutomobileAutomatic number plate recognitionBicycleMini — (4 articles)

Space transport

Apollo 8Saturn VSpace explorationSpacecraft propulsionSpace Shuttle Challenger disasterSpace Shuttle Columbia disaster — (6 articles)

Nuvola apps katomic.png
Natural sciences - general


NatureScience — (2 articles)

Cruz Roja.svg
Biology and medicine


Biologists and medical scientists

Norman BorlaugCharles DarwinGeorg ForsterHippocratesAthanasius KircherCarolus LinnaeusBarbara McClintockGregor MendelLouis PasteurMichael Woodruff — (10 articles)



Action potentialAnatomyAnimalAquariumBrainCell (biology)CerebellumChemical synapseChromatophoreCladisticsDeathDNADNA repairEcologyFauna of AustraliaLifeOrganismPlantProteinSequence alignmentVirus — (22 articles)

Evolution and reproduction

Creation-evolution controversyEvolutionMenstrual cycleSex

— (4 articles)

Health and medicine


Acetaminophen, see paracetamolAIDSAlbinismAlzheimer's diseaseAsthmaAutostereogramCancerCholeraClinical depressionColor blindnessCystic fibrosisCannabis (drug)Chagas diseaseDiabetes mellitusDown syndromeDuchenne muscular dystrophyHaemophiliaHIVHuntington's diseaseKeratoconusKlinefelter's syndromeLesch-Nyhan syndromeLung cancerLyme diseaseMalariaMédecins Sans FrontièresMeningitisMultiple sclerosisMyers-Briggs Type IndicatorMyocardial infarctionNanomedicineNutritionParacetamolPhenylketonuriaPneumoniaProstate cancerRabiesSickle-cell diseaseSmallpoxStrokeThalassemiaTay-Sachs diseaseTooth developmentTooth enamelTourette syndromeTuberculosisTurner syndromeWeight training— (49 articles)


AlbertosaurusDinosaurPsittacosaurusTyrannosaurusVelociraptor — (5 articles)

Mammals – General

CatDogElephantGray WolfHumanHomo floresiensisIsland FoxKakapoMixed-breed dogPlatypusShort-beaked EchidnaTasmanian Devil — (12 articles)


Blue WhaleExploding whaleHumpback WhaleOrcaRight whaleSperm WhaleWhale song — (7 articles)

Animals – Miscellaneous

AlbatrossAntarctic krillAustralian Green Tree FrogBirdCane ToadCochinealCoconut crabElfin-woods WarblerEmuFrogKrillMarginated TortoiseMyxobolus cerebralisShrimp farmSpider — White's Tree Frog — see Australian Green Tree Frog. — (15 articles)


History of saffronSaffronTrade and usage of saffron — (3 articles)

Organisms - unclassified

BacteriaFungusHelicobacter pylori — (3 articles)

Nuvola apps edu science.svg


Chemical elements

ActiniumAluminiumAmericiumAntimonyArgonArsenicAstatineBariumBerkeliumBerylliumBismuthBohriumBoronBromineCadmiumCaesiumCalciumCaliforniumCarbonCeriumChlorineChromiumCobaltCopperCuriumDarmstadtiumDubniumDysprosiumEinsteiniumErbiumEuropiumFermiumFluorineFranciumGadoliniumGalliumGermaniumGoldHafniumHassiumHeliumHolmiumHydrogenIndiumIodineIridiumIronKryptonLanthanumLawrenciumLeadLithiumLutetiumMagnesiumManganeseMeitneriumMendeleviumMercury (element)MolybdenumNeodymiumNeonNeptuniumNickelNiobiumNitrogenNobeliumOsmiumOxygenPalladiumPhosphorusPlatinumPlutoniumPoloniumPotassiumPraseodymiumPromethiumProtactiniumRadiumRadonRheniumRhodiumRoentgeniumRubidiumRutheniumRutherfordiumSamariumScandiumSeaborgiumSeleniumSiliconSilverSodiumStrontiumSulfurTantalumTechnetiumTelluriumTerbiumThalliumThoriumThuliumTinTitaniumTungstenUnunbiumUnunhexiumUnunoctiumUnunpentiumUnunquadiumUnuntriumUraniumVanadiumXenonYtterbiumYttriumZincZirconium — (117 articles)

Chemicals (not elements or pharma)

Acetic acidAmmoniaCarbon dioxideEthanolHydrochloric acidHydrogen peroxideRaney nickelSodium hydroxideSulfuric acidToluene — (10 articles)

Pharmaceuticals and related

Cannabis (drug)LSDMedicineParacetamol (acetaminophen) — (4 articles)


Michael FaradayAntoine LavoisierDmitri MendeleevAlfred NobelLinus Pauling — (5 articles)



AlchemyAtomChemical elementFireList of elements by nameMetalPeriodic table (large version)Periodic tablePhase (matter) — (10 articles)

Materials science

GlassSteel — (2 articles)

Moon symbol decrescent.svg
Physics and astronomy


Astronomers and physicists

CopernicusGalilei, GalileoEinstein, AlbertHawking, StephenKepler, JohannesMaxwell, James ClerkNewton, IsaacOppenheimer, RobertPlanck, MaxPtolemySagan, CarlTeller, EdwardTesla, NikolaWatt, JamesE. P. Wigner — (15 articles)



Astrophysics Data SystemBig BangBinary starBlack holeCat's Eye NebulaCeres (dwarf planet)CometComet Hale-BoppComet HyakutakeComet Shoemaker-Levy 9Crab NebulaEnceladus (moon)Extrasolar planetGalaxyGlobular clusterExtraterrestrial lifeH II regionHerbig-Haro objectHubble Deep FieldHubble Space TelescopeKuiper beltOpen clusterMilky WayMoonPlanetary nebulaPlutoRoche limitSolar eclipseSunStarTimeline of discovery of solar system planets and their natural satellitesTransit of VenusUniverse — (34 articles)



ATLAS experimentColorElectromagnetic radiationElectronEnergyElectricityFermi paradoxForceGravitationHeatLightList of particlesMatterMotion (physics)NeutronNuclear fissionQuantum mechanicsQuarkProtonSoundSpacecraft propulsionSpecial relativitySpeed of lightThermodynamicsTime — (25 articles)



MercuryVenusEarthMarsJupiterSaturnUranusNeptuneDefinition of planetPlanetary habitabilityTimeline of discovery of solar system planets and their natural satellites — (11 articles)