Washington College of Law
|Motto||Champion What Matters|
|Parent school||American University|
|Established||February 1, 1896|
|School type||Private law school|
|Parent endowment||$908.9 million (2022)|
|Location||Washington, D.C., U.S.|
|USNWR ranking||89th (2024)|
|Bar pass rate||73.02% (2022)|
|ABA profile||ABA profile|
The American University Washington College of Law (AUWCL or WCL) is the law school of American University, a private research university in Washington, D.C. It is located on the western side of Tenley Circle in the Tenleytown section of northwest Washington, D.C. The school is accredited by the American Bar Association and a member of the AALS.
Ellen Spencer Mussey and Emma Gillett began teaching in Mussey's law offices in 1898 after they were approached by three women who wished to study with them. Not originally intending to create a full-fledged law school, they requested the law school of Columbian College to accept the six women for their final year. When Columbian refused the request on the ground that "women did not have the mentality for law," the two women became determined to complete the students' education themselves and found a co-educational law school that was specifically open to women. Although Gillett was a graduate of Howard University School of Law, Washington College of Law only accepted white applicants.
With its first graduating class, the Washington College of Law became the first law school founded by women, the first with a female dean, and the first law school to graduate an all-female class. Mussey's male law clerk enrolled in 1897, making the school officially coeducational.
Washington D.C. incorporated WCL in 1898. After several temporary locations, the school moved to the Le Droit Building on 8th & F Streets in 1900. Enrollment rose to 55 students by 1908 and doubled in five years to 128 students. Dean Mussey secured a lease in 1909 in the Chesley Building on New York Ave until the school outgrew the six-classroom lease. The school moved to its first permanent home in 1920, the former residence of Robert G. Ingersoll on K Street. Continually growing, WCL moved in 1924 to the former home of Oscar Underwood and former residence of Archibald Butt. WCL merged with American University in 1949 and graduated its first African American student in 1953.
The Women & the Law Program was launched in 1948, to promote the integration of women's rights and gender studies into legal education, practice and doctrine.
After years of work by Dean Myers, the John Sherman Myers Law School building was constructed on the American University main campus and dedicated in 1963 by Chief Justice Earl Warren. In the same year, U.S. Senator Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.) graduated from WCL after ten years of night-study classes, the first time a sitting member of Congress had begun and completed a law degree while serving.
By 1988, WCL had grown to over 1,000 students. Dean Milstein pushed for a new building, and in 1996 WCL moved less than a mile to The John Sherman Myers and Alvina Reckman Myers Law Center on Massachusetts Avenue in the American University Park section of Northwest Washington, D.C. The building was two and a half times larger than the previous Myers building and included the new Pence Law Library.
Move to Tenley Campus
In April 2012, the D.C. Zoning Commission approved the plans for American University Washington College of Law to relocate from Spring Valley to American University's Tenley Campus. The approval of plans for further processing and zoning variances for the law school was handed down after American University's full campus plan was approved in March. Construction began in the summer of 2013, with the relocation of the law school to the new campus completed in early 2016. Spring 2016 semester classes began at the new campus on January 11, 2016.
Campus and facilities
The Washington College of Law is located on American University's Tenley Campus at 4300 Nebraska Avenue NW. on the northwest edge of Washington, DC, approximately 1 mile from the Maryland state line. Construction on the Tenley Campus was completed in early 2016 and included three primary buildings:
- Capital Hall - Historically preserved and renovated, this building includes administrative offices, student publications, four courtrooms, two classrooms, and an atrium.
- Warren Building - Brand new construction, housing the Pence Law Library on two and a half floors, nine classrooms, the ceremonial courtroom, an active learning lab, and a roof deck.
- Yuma Building - Brand new construction, housing 13 classrooms, faculty offices, clinical and international programs, dining, and Claudio Grossman Hall, which seats 500.
The law school campus is less than a mile from the main American University campus; however, a shuttle system is available for students and staff to travel between the two locations. The campus is accessible to students and faculty 24/7 with the use of an AU ID card.
Pence Law Library
The Pence Law Library is 54,000 square feet (5,000 m2), with more than 600,000 volumes, access to multiple databases, 14 group-study rooms and seating for over 600. The library is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week to students and faculty with the use of an AU ID card.
The library collection includes European Community and US government depositories and the Baxter Collection in International Law. Students and faculty also have access to the university's library, the Library of Congress, specialized agency libraries, and other area law libraries electronically.
The National Jurist placed WCL's Library 41st out of 199 in its Best Law Libraries ranking.
WCL's Master of Laws (LL.M.) program ranked 13th nationally in the 2012 AUAP rankings. The Brian Leiter Law School rankings placed the WCL 47th in the 2012 Top 70 Law Faculties in Scholarly Impact. National Jurist ranked WCL the fifth best law school for Hispanic students in 2008. It ranked WCL the 4th best public interest law school in the nation.
WCL is ranked tied for 89th in the nation among the 197 ranked schools in the Best Law Schools by U.S. News & World Report, and has ranked specialty programs in Clinical Training (tied #1), Trial Advocacy (tied #15), Part-Time Law (tied #16), International Law (tied #5), Intellectual Property (tied #7), and Health Care Law (tied #20), as well as program rankings in Legal Writing (tied #104), Business/Corporate (tied #60), Contracts/Commercial Law (tied #64), and Dispute Resolution (tied #64).
The school maintains programs in both human rights and public interest law. WCL's Equal Justice Foundation (EJF) provides scholarships to students who obtain unpaid summer internships with public interest organizations.
In 2021, the school had an acceptance rate of 37.94%. The 75th, 50th and 25th percentile undergraduate GPAs were 3.71, 3.57 and 3.39 respectively, while LSAT percentiles were 163, 161 and 157 respectively.
There was 36% minority representation and 64% female representation in the 2021 entering class, with representation from 42 states and 28 countries.
WCL offers the Juris Doctor (J.D.), Master of Laws (LL.M.) in either international or constitutional law, and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.) degrees. The Washington College of Law now offers an online Master of Legal Studies degree.
Additionally, students can enroll in one of several dual degree programs:
- J.D./M.A. program with the School of International Service
- J.D./M.B.A. and LL.M/M.B.A. programs with the Kogod School of Business
- J.D/M.P.P and LL.M./M.P.P. with the School of Public Affairs,
- J.D./J.D. with the University of Ottawa in Canada
- J.D./Master I/Master II with the Paris Nanterre University in France
- J.D./LL.M. with the Universidad Carlos III in Spain
- J.D./LL.M. with the Universidad Pontificia Comillas in Spain
- J.D./LL.M. with LUISS Guido Carli in Italy
WCL's clinical program is one of the most comprehensive in the nation. The school was one of the first law schools to develop a modern clinical legal education program. With over 200 students participating in the 11 clinics every year, the program is one of the largest in the country.
The clinic serves various clients, including immigrants and refugees, victims/survivors of domestic violence, juveniles, criminal defendants, low-income taxpayers, individuals seeking help with family law, consumer, disability, and intellectual property issues, community groups, and nonprofit organizations.
Clinics include the General Practice Clinic, Community and Economic Development Law Clinic, Criminal Justice Clinic, DC Law Students in Court Clinic, Disability Rights Law Clinic, Domestic Violence Law Clinic, Janet R. Spragens Federal Tax Clinic, Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic, Immigrant Justice Clinic, International Human Rights Law Clinic, and Women and the Law Clinic.
Study abroad programs
WCL's study abroad program is considered to be among the best in the country, with 30% of the student body studying abroad every year. In 2012, the National Jurist recognized it as one of the "most robust study abroad programs out of the 200 U.S. Law Schools."
Students can study law for a semester in over 20 countries. WCL also offers summer abroad programs in London, Paris, Brussels, Geneva, and The Hague.
Programs and centers
- Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
- Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian law
- Clinical Program
- Externship Program
- Health Law Project
- Hospitality & Tourism Law Program (HTL Website) 
- Humphrey Fellowship Program (Fulbright Exchange)
- Center on International Commercial Arbitration
- International Legal Studies Program (ILSP)
- International Visiting Scholars Program
- Marshall-Brennan Constitutional Literacy Project
- National Institute of Military Justice
- National Institute of Corrections/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape
- Office of Public Interest
- Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property
- Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law
- Program on Law & Government
- Special Events & Continuing Legal Education
- Trial Advocacy Program
- UNROW Human Rights Impact Litigation Clinic
- War Crimes Research Office
- Women & International Law Program
- Women & the Law Program
WCL participates in several popular study-abroad and student exchange programs with universities worldwide.
In 2002, the Jessup Moot Court Team was the top-ranked team in the United States and third in the World.
WCL offers an online Master of Legal Studies (MLS) created for professionals who have law-related responsibilities. The MLS program provides professionals in a variety of industries with an understanding of the U.S. legal system, but it is not meant for students who want to become a practicing attorney. The program offers the following concentration tracks: General MLS, Business, Health Care Compliance, and Technology. Each concentration features fundamental legal training and industry-specific knowledge to improve students' ability to make informed decisions and legitimize their credibility with clients, co-workers, and partners. The MLS can be completed in as little as 15 months and does not require a GRE/LSAT.
Costs and student debt
The total cost of attendance (indicating the cost of tuition, fees, and living expenses) at WCL for the 2021–2022 academic year is $82,842. The Law School Transparency estimated debt-financed cost of attendance for three years is $293,573. According to U.S. News & World Report, the average indebtedness of 2020 AUWCL graduates who incurred law school debt was $159,723 (not including undergraduate debt), and 76% of 2020 graduates took on debt.
According to WCL's official 2020 ABA-required disclosures, 61.8% of the class of 2020 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation, and 15% were employed in J.D.-preferred positions. Thirteen percent of the class of 2020 were seeking employment 9 months after graduation.
- Administrative Law Review
- The Alternative Dispute Resolution Newsletter
- The American Jurist
- The American University International Law Review (which publishes ASIL's annual Grotius Lecture).
- The American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law
- American University Labor & Employment Law Forum
- The American University Law Review
- The American University Business Law Review
- The Criminal Law Brief
- Health Law & Policy Brief
- The Human Rights Brief
- The Intellectual Property Brief
- International Commercial Arbitration Brief
- Legislation & Policy Brief
- The Modern American
- National Security Law Brief
- Sustainable Development Law & Policy
Notes and recognition
- The National Jurist, in its 100 Best Law Review rankings, placed the American University Law Review 47th and the International Law Review 84th.
- Administrative Law Review is the official publication of the American Bar Association Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice.
- In 2005, the ABA recognized "The Business Law Brief" (since promoted to The American University Business Law Review) as the "Magazine of the Year."
- On several occasions, the ABA has recognized The American Jurist as the "Best Law Student Magazine."
Notable current and former faculty
- Louis Caldera
- Michael W. Carroll
- Lia Epperson
- Claudio Grossman
- Lewis A. Grossman
- Kristine Huskey
- Cynthia E. Jones
- Ralph Nader, political activist and author
- Jamie Raskin
- Ira P. Robbins
- Brenda V. Smith
- Gregory Stanton
- Michael Tigar
- Perry Wallace, first African American scholarship athlete in the Southeastern Conference
- Stephen Wermiel
- Paul Williams
- Judith A. Winston
- George Arceneaux, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana
- Margaret Bartley, Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
- Sarah Evans Barker, Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana
- Terrence Boyle, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina
- June Lazenby Green, Judge, United States District Court for the District of Columbia
- Claude M. Hilton, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
- Henry E. Hudson, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
- C. Darnell Jones II, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- Gerald Bruce Lee, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
- Sharon Prost, Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
- Robert W. Schroeder III, Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas
- Margaret B. Seymour, Judge, United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
- Moody R. Tidwell III, Judge, United States Court of Federal Claims
- Reggie Walton, Judge, United States District Court for the District of Columbia
- Michael W. Farrell, Judge, District of Columbia Court of Appeals
- Warren R. King, Judge, District of Columbia Court of Appeals
- Michael J. Lindner, Judge, Fairfax General District Court, Virginia
- Frank Q. Nebeker, Judge, District of Columbia Court of Appeals and United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
- Warren Silver, Judge, Maine Supreme Judicial Court
- Zuberi Williams, Associate Judge, Montgomery County, District Court of Maryland
- Thomas P. Mann, Justice, Supreme Court of Virginia
Politics and government
- Nick Rathod, Former White House Special Assistant and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs to President Obama.
- Ilan Berman, Vice President of the American Foreign Policy Council
- Robert Byrd, former United States Senator (D-WV).
- Thomas Downey, former Member, U.S. House of Representatives (D-NY) and head of Downey McGrath Group.
- Peter Feldman, Commissioner of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
- Gwen Graham, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (D-FL)
- Suriya Evans-Pritchard Jayanti, diplomat, U.S. Department of State
- Joseph T. Kelliher, an American energy executive and former chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).
- Rick Lazio, former Member, U.S. House of Representatives (R-NY) and lawyer.
- M. Peter McPherson, special assistant to President Gerald Ford, head of USAID under President Ronald Reagan, president of Michigan State University from 1993 to 2004, and Chairman of Dow Jones beginning in 2007.
- Raymond Muir, White House Chief Usher (1933-1938) and Deputy Chief of Protocol, U.S. Department of State (1943-1954)
- Alice Paul, notable suffragist.
- Stacey Plaskett, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (D-VI)
- Nicholas Sarwark, Chairman of the Libertarian National Committee
- Walter Shaub, Director of the United States Office of Government Ethics
- Judy Smith, American crisis manager.
- Hugo Teufel III, Former Chief Privacy Officer of the Department of Homeland Security.
- Richard Verma, United States Ambassador to India
- Peter J. White, Senior Policy Advisor to President Donald Trump
- Kathy Boockvar, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
- Toney Anaya, former Governor of New Mexico
- Colin Bell, former New Jersey State Senator
- Eileen Filler-Corn, Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Kim Guadagno, Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey
- Alison Lundergan Grimes, Kentucky Secretary of State
- Frank Hall, minority leader of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Juan Mari Brás, Puerto Rico political leader
- David Moon, State Delegate, Maryland House of Delegates (D)
- Kirill Reznik, State Delegate, Maryland House of Delegates (D)
- Marcus Simon, member of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Darrell F. Smith, former Attorney General of Arizona
- Robert White, At-Large member of the Council of the District of Columbia.
- Masoud bin Mohammed Al Ameri, Qatari Minister of Justice
- Karin Elharar, Israeli Knesset member for the Yesh Atid party and chair of the State Control Committee of the Knesset
- Manjaagiin Ichinnorov, Mongolian human rights activist
- Juliane Kokott, German Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the European Communities (EJC) and Professor at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland
- Vekuii Rukoro, Paramount Chief of the Herero people, Namibia
- Ivan Duque, President of Colombia
- Maria Filomena Singh, current associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Education, business, media, and entertainment
- Anthony Crowell, dean of New York Law School
- Louis Dubin, real estate developer
- Tom Goldstein, co-founder of the firm Goldstein and Howe, and co-founder of Scotusblog
- Gregory D. Hague, entrepreneur, lawyer, author
- Avram Glazer, NFL owner of Tampa Bay Buccaneers and majority owner of Manchester United F.C.
- Stephen Latchford, earliest U.S. expert on aviation law.
- Roy Lee, film producer (The Departed and The Ring)
- Crystal McCrary McGuire, former attorney, legal analyst, author, film producer and director (Little Ballers)
- Sophia A. Nelson, attorney and political commentator.
- Flora Warren Seymour, attorney, writer, historian, first woman on the Board of Indian Commissioners
- Judy Sheindlin, TV judge (Judge Judy) (later transferred to the New York Law School)
- Sarah Stewart Holland, host of the podcast Pantsuit Politics
- Ed Tapscott, former interim head coach of the Washington Wizards NBA team.
- "Consolidated Financial Statements For the years ended June 30, 2022 and 2021" (PDF). American University. November 22, 2022. pp. 23–24. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
- 2022 Standard 509 Information Report (Report). American University Washington College of Law. December 20, 2022. p. 2. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
- "American University (Washington)". Best Law Schools. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
- Bar Passage Data (2023) (Report). American University Washington College of Law. 2023. Retrieved November 6, 2023.
- "American University Names Roger A. Fairfax, Jr. as Dean of Washington College of Law". News. American University Washington College of Law. April 6, 2021.
- "History - Law With Impact". American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- Drachman, Virginia G. (November 29, 2001). Sisters in Law: Women Lawyers in Modern American History. Harvard University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0674006941.
- "WCL Timeline". Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Locations History". Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "American University 2011 Campus Plan (pg. 33)" (PDF). Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "AU Shuttle Information". Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "LSAC Official Description". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Pence Law Library FAQ". Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "National Jurist Best Law Libraries". October 12, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "AUAP Rankings". Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- "TOP 70 LAW FACULTIES IN SCHOLARLY IMPACT, 2007-2011". www.leiterrankings.com. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- "National Jurist February 2008 Issue". Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- "National Jurist WCL Page". Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "WCL Equal Justice Foundation". Retrieved March 5, 2013.
- "2019_First_Year_Class". abarequireddisclosures.org. American Bar Association. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
- "Admissions Profile". American University Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
- American University-Washington College of Law, "Admissions", http://www.wcl.american.edu/admissions.cfm (last visited July 16, 2008).
- "Master of Legal Studies". Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- "International JD Dual Degree Programs". American University, Washington College of Law. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
- "LSAC Official Guide". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "National Jurist Magazine". Archived from the original on September 11, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Martin, Laira (Spring 2016). "10 out-of-the-ordinary summer classes". The National Jurist.
- "Master of Legal Studies". Retrieved November 30, 2018.
- "AUWCL JD Cost of Attendance 2021-2022". Retrieved April 22, 2021.
- "American University, Finances". www.lstreports.com. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- "Law Schools Where Graduates Have the Most Debt". U.S. News & World Report. 2021. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
- "Employment Summary for 2020 Graduates". American University. p. 1. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
- Department of State (1950). Biographic Register. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 365.
- Evans, Judith (March 21, 2000). "Lacrosse Is Catching in City". The Washington Post. p. D8; DeBonis, Mike (September 20, 2013). "Beverley Wheeler, Robert White seek D.C. Council seats". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- Garrett Parker, May 2019, Money Inc magazine, The 20 Most Notable American University Alumni in Business, Retrieved December 20, 2019, "...After receiving a law degree at Washington College of Law at American University ... founding partner of real estate company Redbrick LMD ... Dubin ..."