Voiceless uvular trill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Voiceless uvular trill
IPA Number123 402A
Audio sample

The voiceless uvular trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some dialects of some spoken languages. It is less common than its voiced counterpart.


Features of the voiceless uvular trill:

  • Its manner of articulation is trill, which means it is produced by directing air over an articulator so that it vibrates.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the intercostal muscles and diaphragm, as in most sounds.


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Baïnounk Gubëeher Some speakers[1] [example needed] Word-final allophone of /ɾ/.
French Belgian[2] triste [t̪ʀ̥is̪t̪œ] 'sad' Allophone of /ʁ/ after voiceless consonants; can be a fricative [χ] instead.[2] See French phonology
German Standard[3] treten [ˈtʀ̥eːtn̩] 'to step' Possible allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants for speakers that realize /r/ as a uvular trill [ʀ].[3] See Standard German phonology
Chemnitz dialect[4] Rock [ʀ̥ɔkʰ] 'skirt' In free variation with [ʁ̞], [ʁ], [χ] and [q]. Does not occur in the coda.[4]
Limburgish Hasselt dialect[5] geer [ɣeːʀ̥] 'odour' Possible word-final allophone of /ʀ/; may be alveolar [] instead.[6] See Hasselt dialect phonology
Spanish Ponce dialect[7][full citation needed] perro [ˈpe̞ʀ̥o̞] 'dog' This and [χ] are the primary realizations of /r/ in this dialect.[7] See Spanish phonology

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cobbinah (2013), p. 166.
  2. ^ a b Demolin (2001), pp. 65, 67–68, 70–71.
  3. ^ a b Krech et al. (2009), p. 86.
  4. ^ a b Khan & Weise (2013), p. 235.
  5. ^ Peters (2006).
  6. ^ While Peters (2006) does not state that explicitly, he uses the symbol for many instances of the word-final /r/.
  7. ^ a b "The Spanish of Ponce, Puerto Rico: A phonetic, phonological, and intonational analysis".