Voiceless labial–palatal fricative

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Voiceless labialized palatal fricative

The voiceless labial–palatal fricative or approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɥ̊[1] or ɸ͡ç.[2] The former – more accurately the voiceless labialized palatal fricative by those who consider it to be a fricative[3] – is the voiceless counterpart of the voiced labial–palatal approximant. Other linguists posit voiceless approximants distinct from voiceless fricatives; to them, [ɥ̊] is a voiceless labialized palatal approximant.




Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Iaai [example needed] Described as an approximant. Contrasts with the voiced /ɥ/. Not protruded.[4]
Kham Gamale Kham ह्व़ा [ɥ̊ɐ] 'monkey' Described as an approximant. Contrasts with the voiced /ɥ/.[5]


  1. ^ Ohala & Solé (2010), p. 43.
  2. ^ Patricia Ashby (2013) Speech Sounds. Routledge. 2nd edition, p. 82, 116
  3. ^ a b Florence Abena Dolphyne (1988) The Akan (Twi-Fante) Language: Its Sound Systems and Tonal Structure, p.44
  4. ^ Maddieson & Anderson (1994), p. 176.
  5. ^ Wilde (2016).


  • Maddieson, Ian; Anderson, Victoria (1994), "Phonetic Structures of Iaai", UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics (87): 163–182
  • Ohala, John J.; Solé, Maria-Josep (2010), "Turbulence and Phonology" (PDF), in Fuchs, Susanne; Toda, Martine; Żygis, Marzena (eds.), Turbulent Sounds: An Interdisciplinary Guide, Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, pp. 37–101, doi:10.1515/9783110226584.37, ISBN 978-3-11-022657-7
  • Wilde, Christopher P. (2016), "Gamale Kham phonology revisited, with Devanagari-based orthography and lexicon", Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (9): 130–199, hdl:1885/109195

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