|Voiceless labial–alveolar plosive|
The voiceless labial–alveolar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. It is a [t] and [p] pronounced simultaneously. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨t͡p⟩.
Features of the voiceless labial–alveolar plosive are:
- Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also oral, with no nasal outlet, the airflow is blocked entirely, and the consonant is a plosive.
- Its place of articulation is labial–alveolar, which means that it is simultaneously articulated with the front part of the tongue against the alveolar ridge and the lips.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the intercostal muscles and abdominal muscles, as in most sounds.
|Abkhaz||[example needed]||In free variation with [tʰʷ]; contrasts /t͡pʰ, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Abkhaz phonology.|
|Nzema||[example needed]||Contrasts /t͡p, d͡b/.|
|Ubykh||[example needed]||Was in free variation with [tʷ], had merged with /p/ in Karacalar dialect; contrasted /t͡p, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Ubykh phonology.|
|Yele||[example needed]||Contrasts /t̪ t̪͡p t̪ʲ t̠ t̠͡p t̠ʲ/.|
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- Levinson, Stephen C. (23 May 2022). A Grammar of Yélî Dnye: The Papuan Language of Rossel Island. De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110733853. ISBN 978-3-11-073385-3. S2CID 249083265. Retrieved 16 January 2023.