Voiceless labial–alveolar plosive

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Voiceless labial–alveolar plosive

The voiceless labial–alveolar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. It is a [t] and [p] pronounced simultaneously. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨t͡p⟩.


Features of the voiceless labial–alveolar plosive are:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz[1][2] [example needed] In free variation with [tʰʷ]; contrasts /t͡pʰ, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Abkhaz phonology.
Nzema[3] [example needed] Contrasts /t͡p, d͡b/.
Ubykh[1] [example needed] Was in free variation with [tʷ], had merged with /p/ in Karacalar dialect; contrasted /t͡p, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Ubykh phonology.
Yele[4] [example needed] Contrasts /t̪ t̪͡p t̪ʲ t̠ t̠͡p t̠ʲ/.


  1. ^ a b Siegel, Bernard J. (1977). Annual Review of Anthropology. Annual Reviews Incorporated. ISBN 9780824319069.
  2. ^ J. C., Catford (1977). "MOUNTAIN OF TONGUES: THE LANGUAGES OF THE CAUCASUS". Annual Review of Anthropology: 290.
  3. ^ Berry, J. (1955). "Some Notes on the Phonology of the Nzema and Ahanta Dialects". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 17 (1): 160–165. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00106421. ISSN 1474-0699. S2CID 162551544.
  4. ^ Levinson, Stephen C. (23 May 2022). A Grammar of Yélî Dnye: The Papuan Language of Rossel Island. De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110733853. ISBN 978-3-11-073385-3. S2CID 249083265. Retrieved 16 January 2023.