Voiced palatal lateral fricative

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Voiced palatal lateral fricative
IPA Number157 429

The voiced palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʎ̝, though in extIPA 𝼆̬ is preferred. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L_r.

This sound is not known to occur as a phoneme in any language, but it does occur as an allophone of /ʎ/ in Italian and Jebero.[1][2]


Features of the voiced palatal lateral fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Italian Many accents[1] figlio [ˈfiʎ̝ːo] 'son' Approximant [ʎ] in other accents. See Italian phonology
Jebero[2] [iˈʎ̝apa] 'shotgun' Dentoalveolo-palatal. Occasional allophone of /ʎ/; only lightly fricated.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ashby (2011:64): "(...) in a large number of Italian accents, there is considerable friction involved in the pronunciation of [ʎ], creating a voiced palatal lateral fricative (for which there is no established IPA symbol)."
  2. ^ a b c Valenzuela & Gussenhoven (2013), p. 101.


  • Ashby, Patricia (2011), Understanding Phonetics, Understanding Language series, Routledge, ISBN 978-0340928271
  • Valenzuela, Pilar M.; Gussenhoven, Carlos (2013), "Shiwilu (Jebero)" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (1): 97–106, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000370