Voiced labial–alveolar plosive

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Voiced labial–alveolar plosive

The voiced labial–alveolar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. It is a [d] and [b] pronounced simultaneously. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨d͡b⟩.


Features of the voiced labial–alveolar plosive are:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz[1][2] [example needed] In free variation with [dʷ]; contrasts /t͡pʰ, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Abkhaz phonology.
Nzema[3] [example needed] Contrasts /t͡p, d͡b/.
Ubykh[1] [example needed] Was in free variation with [dʷ], had merged with /b/ in Karacalar dialect; contrasted /t͡p, d͡b, t͡pʼ/. See Ubykh phonology.


  1. ^ a b Siegel, Bernard J. (1977). Annual Review of Anthropology. Annual Reviews Incorporated. ISBN 9780824319069.
  2. ^ J. C., Catford (1977). "MOUNTAIN OF TONGUES: THE LANGUAGES OF THE CAUCASUS". Annual Review of Anthropology: 290.
  3. ^ Berry, J. (1955). "Some Notes on the Phonology of the Nzema and Ahanta Dialects". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 17 (1): 160–165. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00106421. ISSN 1474-0699. S2CID 162551544.