Viktor Barannikov

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Viktor Barannikov
Виктор Баранников
Minister of Security
In office
24 January 1992 – 27 July 1993
PresidentBoris Yeltsin
Preceded byHimself as Director General of AFB
Succeeded byNikolai Golushko (acting),
Office abolished
Director General of the Federal Security Agency (AFB)
In office
15 January – 24 January 1992
PresidentBoris Yeltsin
Preceded byViktor Ivanenko
Succeeded byHimself as Minister of Security
Minister of Interior of the USSR
In office
29 August 1991 – 26 December 1991
PresidentMikhail Gorbachev
Preceded byBoris Pugo
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Minister of Interior of the RSFSR
In office
8 September 1990 – 13 September 1991
Prime MinisterIvan Silayev
Preceded byVasily Trushin
Succeeded byAndrey Dunayev
Personal details
Viktor Pavlovich Barannikov

(1940-10-20)20 October 1940
Fedosyevka, Pozharsky District, Primorsky Krai, RSFSR, Soviet Union
Died21 July 1995(1995-07-21) (aged 54)
Moscow, Russia
Resting placeVagankovo Cemetery, Moscow
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Years of service1961–1993
RankGeneral of the Army

Viktor Pavlovich Barannikov (Russian: Виктор Павлович Баранников; 20 October 1940 — 21 July 1995)[1] was the Soviet Interior Minister in 1991 and Russian Interior Minister from 1992 to 1993.


He was the interior minister of Russian SFSR from September 1990 to September 1991, the interior minister of the USSR after the August Coup against Gorbachev from August 1991 to January 1992. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he became the Minister of Security and Home Affairs of the Russian SFSR (December 1991 - January 1992). General Director of the Federal Security Agency of the RSFSR (January 1992). Minister of Security of the Russian Federation (January 1992 - July 1993).

Barannikov initiated the transfer of power under the responsibility of the Interior Ministry to individual republics and ordered the militia to stay away from the political chaos engulfing the capital. He was dismissed by the President at the end of July 1993. As an excuse, an incident involving the Border Guard forces on the Soviet-Afghan border and the wasteful lifestyle of his wife Ludmila, which cost taxpayers around $100,000, was used. During the Russian Constitutional Crisis in September–October 1993, he tried to mediate between Boris Yeltsin and Supreme Soviet, who wanted to drag him to her side by nominating him as the Minister of Security. He was arrested and imprisoned for several months, soon after his release he died of a heart attack on July 22, 1995.

He was close to Boris Birshtein and Birshtein's Seabeco.[2]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Jeanne Vronskaya (16 August 1995). OBITUARY : Viktor Barannikov. Archived from the original on 2022-08-17. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Хлебников, Пол (Klebnikov, Paul) (September 4, 2000). "Как Березовский нажил свой первоначальный капитал. Отрывок из книги "Крестный отец Кремля". Взлет олигарха" [How Berezovsky made his initial capital. Excerpt from the book "The Godfather of the Kremlin". The rise of the oligarch]. (in Russian). Retrieved December 15, 2020 – via Forbes.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]