User:Valjean

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Sunday
14
April
Welcome to Valjean's user page


My history here
"Yes, I've been around a long, long time.
Yes, I've really, really paid my dues."[1]B.B. King

I started here as an IP editor in 2003, before we had reached the 200,000 articles milestone on February 2, 2004,[2]
and finally registered an account on December 18, 2005, 18 years, 118 days ago.
Valjean is my third username.
My fingerprints are still in our most important and fundamental policies and guidelines,
so I must have done something right.

Our purpose here is to give free access to
"the sum of all human knowledge"
that is mentioned in reliable sources.
"Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given
free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing."
Jimmy Wales[3]
"A free encyclopedia encompassing the whole of human knowledge,
written almost entirely by unpaid volunteers: Can you believe that was the one that worked?"
— Richard Cooke[4]
"If I go looking for info, and Wikipedia doesn't have it, then Wikipedia has failed."
Baseball Bugs[5]

That literally means ALL information, not just facts.
That includes opinions, beliefs, lies, conspiracy theories, pseudoscientific nonsense, etc.
We document the existence of it all.

We are inclusionist by nature.
If it has been said or written in a RS, it becomes potential content here.
That doesn't mean we will include it, just that we should consider its suitability for inclusion.
It might be suitable for one spot, but not another.
Although we don't treat different types of "human knowledge" in the same way,
we still document its existence.
If a topic is never mentioned in any RS,
then it's not notable enough for an article or mention.

Read How Wikipedia Works

Truth versus Verifiability
Many think that Wikipedia only publishes what is true,
or that it publishes all truth. No, not all things that are
true are easily verifiable, and we also document things that are not true.
We must avoid any original research when trying to write what is true
as we need to maintain the distinction between TRUTH and VERIFIABILITY.
We are mostly concerned with the latter as documenting what is true is not always easy,
and people's ideas of what is true are often subjective and conflicting.
Fortunately we can usually verify what is true.
If an important idea is not verifiable, then it is likely not objectively true.

Verifiability is truth
"It is commonly cited that the minimum
condition for inclusion is verifiability, not truth.
However, for Wikipedia's purposes, verifiability is truth.
We can't call something true without evidence,
and our standard of evidence is verifiability from reliable, published sources."
(Copied from Maddy from Celeste)

"Neutrality is not the average between bollocks and reality.
In science, any compromise between a correct statement and an incorrect statement is an incorrect statement."
JZG 21:25, 14 November 2019

Belief Without Evidence is Wrong
"It is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence."
William Kingdon Clifford
"A habit of basing convictions upon evidence,
and of giving to them only that degree of certainty which the evidence warrants,
would, if it became general, cure most of the ills from which this world is suffering."
Bertrand Russell

About Lunatic Charlatans
"What we won't do is pretend that the work of lunatic charlatans
is the equivalent of 'true scientific discourse.' It isn't."
Jimbo Wales[6]

Jimmy Wales's opinion of the former president
"If President Trump tweets something that is nonsense,
we don't accept him as a source in Wikipedia for random things he says on Twitter.
We have a group of admins who are very strict and firm on what can be entered....
The president's power does not extend to shutting down or threatening social media platforms.
That's illegal. It's not something he can do. We do have the First Amendment in the US....
The worst-case scenario is that they don't have the courage to tell him to go away,
that they begin to adapt their policies to his whims because he's a lunatic."
Jimmy Wales, May 28, 2020[7]

Trey Gowdy on "Republican kamikazes" and election deniers
In spite of all the shenanigans Gowdy has pulled,
he does have a brilliant legal mind. Here's an example of great reasoning:
"So much for elections having consequences or respecting the will of the people
or whatever platitudes uttered but only when convenient,"
Gowdy continued. "This small band of Republican kamikazes are
convinced Donald Trump won the presidency in 2020 with 47% of the vote
yet somehow Kevin McCarthy lost the speaker's race with 85% of the vote."[8]

Just follow our rules
As long as you follow the rules here, you'll be okay, but if not, you're screwed!

When you find one of my mistakes
I shot an error in the air,
It fell to earth I knew not where,
Until some people wrote to tell
Me where on earth my error fell.

A few of them in rage profound
Berated me on my home ground.
While others of a kinder bent
Politely questioned my intent.

But most were fans who wrote to say
They loved my books, though by the way,
That whizzing error split their clout
And I'd be wise to cut it out.

Dr. Ellen Mandell / Gabaldon
(with apologies to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow[9])

Proper communication
The importance of proper communication and response to queries for explanations is important.
Refusal to respond and explain can only lead to problems.
In the context of what seemed to be a BLP violation, which requires immediate removal,
I removed text that seemed to violate the BLP policy. The editor who made the content objected,
berated and abused me, accused me of all sorts of evil
but refused to explain what they really meant, to which I
(after long and frustrating attempts to get clarity about the matter) responded:
"Let me get this right. You assert I'm guilty
of an "incorrect interpretation of what" [you] "write"
but won't explain how I have misinterpreted you,
and that this refusal by you is somehow my fault.
Is that right?"[10]
The point? If you write something, you have the burden of proof to defend it. Silence and stonewalling are not legitimate options.

Wisdom from ScottishFinnishRadish
"At the very least you should try to back off long engagements
with editors that you're not going to convince to your point of view.
The chance of attracting uninvolved input
decreases with every level of indentation in the discussion."[11]


My tenure here

I started editing as an IP in 2003, before the English Wikipedia had 200,000 articles. My fingerprints are still in our most important policies and guidelines.

This user has been editing Wikipedia for more than 15 years.




This editor is a
Master Editor IV
and is entitled to display this
Orichalcum Editor Star.





This editor is a Looshpah Laureate of the Encyclopedia and is entitled to display this Book of All Knowledge with Secret Appendix, Free Errata Sheet, and Author's Signature.





Master Editor IV
Master Editor IV

Awards (scrollable)

Just hold your mouse pointer over each barnstar to read each greeting.

Barnometer™
The Sitting Duck Award. Wikipedia is not a sitting duck for quacks. In recognition of your efforts the sitting duck award. - JFW 00:29, 26 December 2005 (UTC) The Tireless Contributor Barnstar 1. Presented to BullRangifer on September 25, 2006 for your tireless persistence in editing with precision and style and defending the difficult articles while encouraging others to do the same. A true wikipedian! - Dematt 21:38, 25 September 2006 (UTC) The E=MC² Barnstar 1. To BullRangifer, for being a scientist in the very best meaning of the word; been proud to work with you. - Gleng 16:28, 28 September 2006 (UTC) For your contributions to Wikipedia and humanity in general, you are hereby granted the coveted Random Smiley Award. Originated by Pedia-I. - StoptheDatabaseState 20:58, 11 December 2006 (UTC) The Resilient Barnstar 1. I award the Resilient Barnstar to BullRangifer for his continual good nature and his willingness to persist in improving Wikipedia despite continual personal attacks. It's great to have you here. - Maustrauser 13:41, 13 January 2007 (UTC) The Purple Barnstar. For pushing through trials and tribulations to become a better editor - Shot info 00:25, 28 March 2007 (UTC) The Original Barnstar 1. I Angelbo award you this Barnstar for your article about Reindeer hunting in Greenland. That is a fantastic article you created there. - Angelbo 12:32, 29 April 2007 (UTC) The Original Barnstar 2. I'm awarding you this barnstar for your help in rewriting the homeopathy article. It is now implemented and hopefully will improve even further in the near future. Great job! - Wikidudeman 14:48, 1 September 2007 (UTC) Angel Heart Barnstar. This is for all the kindness and help you have given to me and others. -- Crohnie 13:55, 25 September 2007 (UTC) The Resilient Barnstar 2. I, Durova, award BullRangifer the Resilient Barnstar for starting a new article that got into "Template:Did you know" after a hard journey through arbitration. Here's to a strong comeback! Durova 02:16, 29 September 2007 (UTC) The E=mc² Barnstar 2. To BullRangifer: for fairness and knowing your stuff. Sincere thanks for all your contributions here. Jim Butler 01:06, 27 January 2008 (UTC) The Copyeditor's Barnstar. For doing some great, painstaking copyediting on several articles. Keep up the good work! Eustress 01:43, 15 April 2008 (UTC) The Peace Barnstar. For continued handling of contentious areas in a helpful and civil manner, and especially for the ability to find and encourage solutions to disputes. Shell Kinney 01:19, 26 October 2008 (UTC) The Content Creativity Barnstar 1. For everyone here - you've done an incredible job working hard at working together. The section is coming together without any edit wars; there've been no personal remarks and in general, everyone has been incredibly civil and helpful. This is a very impressive way to turn things around - feel free to yank this barnstar and put it in your own user space :) Shell Kinney 19:21, 22 November 2008 (UTC) The Defender of the Wiki Barnstar 1. For your contributions to medicine and science articles, and those articles that would otherwise make claim to be such. Verbal 09:46, 1 April 2009 (UTC) The WikiMedal for Janitorial Services shall be awarded to BullRangifer for good janitorial work, shown by adding an appropriate and much-needed image to this article. Mootros 09:19, 23 October 2009 (UTC) The Surreal Barnstar. Great addition to the new essay Wikipedia:An article about yourself is nothing to be proud of. Sebwite 17:13, 3 December 2009 (UTC) The Defender of the Wiki Barnstar 2. For your assistance in the recent Certifiedallergist case. Famousdog 13:53, 16 February 2012 (UTC) The Special Barnstar 1. Thank you for filling me in on the information I was unaware of. It's nice to meet you. Cheers, Riley Huntley 22:54, 27 May 2012 (UTC) The Special Barnstar 2. Thank you for your help with the Burzynski issue. TowTrucker 03:01, 29 May 2012 (UTC) The Resilient Barnstar 3. For your tireless work on articles with WP:FRINGE problems. Bobrayner 20:34, 22 April 2013 (UTC) The Original Barnstar 3. For doing good work in difficult areas! Alexbrn 11:22, 10 February 2014 (UTC) The Cure Award. In 2013 you were one of the top 300 medical editors across any language of Wikipedia. Thank you so much for helping bring free, complete, accurate, up-to-date medical information to the public. We really appreciate you and the vital work you do! Thanks again :) Ocaasi, Doc James and the team at Wiki Project Med Foundation - 19:15, May 4, 2014‎ (UTC) The Original Barnstar 4. Thank you for your outstanding contribution WP:CREATELEAD ! Natalie.Desautels 07:18, 18 October 2015 (UTC) The Random Acts of Kindness Barnstar. Thank you for helping me deal with stalking and harassment. Sagecandor 16:14, 23 June 2017 (UTC) The Minor barnstar. Thank you for defending the Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. X1\ 00:37, 9 May 2019 (UTC) The Special Barnstar 3. For your time, patience and calmness with people. Compared to me at least you have the patience of a saint and so I wanted to say thank you for always being so patient and calm with everyone :) Happy editing :), Thanks, Davey2010 17:30, 18 June 2019 (UTC) Precious The Original Barnstar 5. Just wanted to say thank you for your essay at Wikipedia:NPOV means neutral editing, not neutral content, which I've find quite useful in explaining some concepts to other editors. GorillaWarfare 19:41, 4 September 2020 (UTC) The Wikipedia Motivation Barnstar. I've never seen an editor go above and beyond to help another Wikipedian on the topic of fringe personal beliefs like you did for Stiabhna. Great stuff. FormalDude 23:00, 28 January 2022 (UTC) The Content Creativity Barnstar 2. For advancing the state of the art. Andrevan 01:56, 17 October 2022 (UTC) The Tireless Contributor Barnstar 2. Never forget you are a valuable editor and human being, and we all would miss you if something were to befall you. so take care of yourself. Andrevan 02:09, 27 December 2023 (UTC)
n00b (as IP in 2003) involved (registered 2005-12-18) been around veteran seen it all older than the Cabal itself
The Sitting Duck Award.
Wikipedia is not a sitting duck for quacks. In recognition of your efforts the sitting duck award. JFW 00:29, 26 December 2005 (UTC).
The Tireless Contributor Barnstar 1
Presented to BullRangifer on September 25, 2006 for your tireless persistence in editing with precision and style and defending the difficult articles while encouraging others to do the same. A true wikipedian! Dematt 21:38, 25 September 2006 (UTC)
The E=MC² Barnstar 1
To BullRangifer, for being a scientist in the very best meaning of the word; been proud to work with you Gleng 16:28, 28 September 2006 (UTC)
For your contributions to Wikipedia and humanity in general, you are hereby granted the coveted Random Smiley Award
originated by Pedia-I
(Explanation and Disclaimer) StoptheDatabaseState 20:58, 11 December 2006
The Resilient Barnstar 1
I award the Resilient Barnstar to BullRangifer for his continual good nature and his willingness to persist in improving Wikipedia despite continual personal attacks. It's great to have you here. Maustrauser 13:41, 13 January 2007 (UTC)
The Purple Barnstar
For pushing through trials and tribulations to become a better editor Shot info 00:25, 28 March 2007 (UTC)
The Original Barnstar 1
I Angelbo award you this Barnstar for your article about Reindeer hunting in Greenland. That is a fantastic article you created there. - Angelbo 12:32, 29 April 2007 (UTC)

This notification appeared on my talk page:

Updated DYK query On 1 May, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Reindeer hunting in Greenland, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

This was posted on the article's talk page:

Did You Know An entry from Reindeer hunting in Greenland appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page in the Did you know? column on 1 May, 2007.
Wikipedia
Wikipedia

This was posted on the nominator's (MeegsC) talk page:

Updated DYK query Did you know? was updated. On 1 May, 2007, a fact from the article Reindeer hunting in Greenland, which you recently nominated, has been featured in that section on the Main Page. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

It was also featured for three weeks (18-20) at the Danish Portal.

The Original Barnstar 2
I'm awarding you this barnstar for your help in rewriting the homeopathy article. It is now implemented and hopefully will improve even further in the near future. Great job! Wikidudeman (talk) 14:48, 1 September 2007 (UTC)
Angel Heart Barnstar
This is for all the kindness and help you have given to me and others. -- CrohnieGalTalk 13:55, 25 September 2007 (UTC)
The Resilient Barnstar 2
I, Durova award BullRangifer the Resilient Barnstar for starting a new article that got into Template:Did you know after a hard journey through arbitration. Here's to a strong comeback! DurovaCharge! 02:16, 29 September 2007 (UTC) (Referring to Reindeer hunting in Greenland.)
The E=mc² Barnstar 2
To BullRangifer: for fairness and knowing your stuff. Sincere thanks for all your contributions here. Jim Butler(talk) 01:06, 27 January 2008 (UTC)
The Copyeditor's Barnstar
For doing some great, painstaking copyediting on several articles. Keep up the good work! Eustress (talk) 01:43, 15 April 2008 (UTC)
The Peace Barnstar
For continued handling of contentious areas in a helpful and civil manner, and especially for the ability to find and encourage solutions to disputes. Shell babelfish 01:19, 26 October 2008 (UTC)
The Content Creativity Barnstar 1
For everyone here - you've done an incredible job working hard at working together. The section is coming together without any edit wars; there've been no personal remarks and in general, everyone has been incredibly civil and helpful. This is a very impressive way to turn things around - feel free to yank this barnstar and put it in your own user space :) Shell babelfish 19:21, 22 November 2008 (UTC)
The Defender of the Wiki Barnstar 1
For your contributions to medicine and science articles, and those articles that would otherwise make claim to be such. Verbal chat 09:46, 1 April 2009 (UTC)

Huzzah for edits based entirely on appropriate sourcing! - Eldereft (cont.) 17:17, 1 April 2009 (UTC)

WikiMedal for Janitorial Services
The WikiMedal for Janitorial Services shall be awarded to User:BullRangifer for good janitorial work, shown by adding an appropriate and much-needed image to this article. Mootros (talk) 09:19, 23 October 2009 (UTC)
The Surreal Barnstar
Great addition to the new essay Wikipedia:An article about yourself is nothing to be proud of. Sebwite (talk) 17:13, 3 December 2009 (UTC)
The Defender of the Wiki Barnstar 2
For your assistance in the recent Certifiedallergist case. Famousdog (talk) 13:53, 16 February 2012 (UTC)
See also
The Special Barnstar 1
Thank you for filling me in on the information I was unaware of. It's nice to meet you. Cheers,
Riley Huntley talk No talkback needed; I'll temporarily watch here. 22:54, 27 May 2012 (UTC)
The Special Barnstar 2
Thank you for your help with the Burzynski issue. Tow Trucker talk 03:01, 29 May 2012 (UTC)
The Resilient Barnstar 3
For your tireless work on articles with WP:FRINGE problems. bobrayner (talk) 20:34, 22 April 2013 (UTC)
The Original Barnstar 3
For doing good work in difficult areas! Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 11:22, 10 February 2014 (UTC)
The Cure Award
In 2013 you were one of the top 300 medical editors across any language of Wikipedia. Thank you so much for helping bring free, complete, accurate, up-to-date medical information to the public. We really appreciate you and the vital work you do!

Thanks again :) --Ocaasi, Doc James and the team at Wiki Project Med Foundation -- 19:15, May 4, 2014‎ (UTC)

The Original Barnstar 4
Thank you for your outstanding contribution WP:CREATELEAD ! Natalie.Desautels (talk) 07:18, 18 October 2015 (UTC)
The Random Acts of Kindness Barnstar
Thank you for helping me deal with stalking and harassment. Sagecandor (talk) 16:14, 23 June 2017 (UTC)
The Minor barnstar
Thank you for defending the Timeline. X1\ (talk) 00:37, 9 May 2019 (UTC)
The Special Barnstar 3
For your time, patience and calmness with people, Compared to me atleast you have the patience of a saint and so I wanted to say thank you for always being so patient and calm with everyone :),

Happy editing :),
Thanks, –Davey2010Talk 17:30, 18 June 2019 (UTC)

Precious
Flora and fauna of Greenland
Thanks for quality articles such as Spinal disc herniation, Charlotte's web (cannabis), Flora and fauna of Greenland, Vis medicatrix naturae, in service from 2005, for encouragement, for changing your username to your hero, for "Let freedom ring!"
You are recipient no. 2368 of Precious, a prize of QAI. --Gerda Arendt (talk) 17:33, 24 March 2020 (UTC)
The Original Barnstar 5
Just wanted to say thank you for your essay at Wikipedia:NPOV means neutral editing, not neutral content, which I've find quite useful in explaining some concepts to other editors. GorillaWarfare (talk) 19:41, 4 September 2020 (UTC)
The Wikipedia Motivation Barnstar
I've never seen an editor go above and beyond to help another Wikipedian on the topic of fringe personal beliefs like you did for Stiabhna. Great stuff. ––FormalDude talk 23:00, 28 January 2022 (UTC)
The Content Creativity Barnstar 2
For advancing the state of the art. Andre🚐 01:56, 17 October 2022 (UTC)
The Tireless Contributor Barnstar 2
Never forget you are a valuable editor and human being, and we all would miss you if something were to befall you. so take care of yourself. Andre🚐 02:09, 27 December 2023 (UTC)

My articles, essays, and other creations

Articles and other stuff

A few of the articles I have entirely written, started, or added significant content:

Updated DYK query On 1 May, 2007, Did you know? was updated with a fact from the article Reindeer hunting in Greenland, which you created or substantially expanded. If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

Essays

A basic citation template I like to use

This is good practice indeed. I also like that you use some breathing space between parameters, that makes citations much easier to read and update. Let me suggest an improvement: when you cite a newspaper, replace cite web by cite news, and use newspaper=The Guardian instead of website=The Guardian. There are handy substitutes for "newspaper": you may equivalently use "magazine" or the generic "work" (which I tend to use because it's shorter and always valid). It's also nice to link to the article of the cited newspaper, such as [[The Guardian]]. Be careful that piped links in citations need to be made explicit, so that you need to type work=[[Time (magazine)|Time]], not just work=[[Time (magazine)|]]. Finally, ISO date is better practice because of the confusion that often arises between US and British ordering of months and days. Hope this helps; feel free to discard this message. — JFG talk 06:14, 10 June 2018 (UTC)
Heck no! I'm keeping this great message. Thanks. -- Valjean (talk) PingMe 14:48, 10 June 2018 (UTC)
Sources

  1. ^ Harding, Luke (November 15, 2017). "How Trump walked into Putin's web". The Guardian. Retrieved December 24, 2017. At first, obtaining intelligence from Moscow went well. For around six months—during the first half of the year—Steele was able to make inquiries in Russia with relative ease.
  2. ^ Shane, Scott; Goldman, Adam; Rosenberg, Matthew; 4thName, Fake (January 10, 2017). "Trump Received Unsubstantiated Report That Russia Had Damaging Information About Him". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2017.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)

What's in a name? Valjean, the hero of Les Misérables

"So long as ignorance and poverty exist on earth, books of the nature of Les Misérables cannot fail to be of use." -- Victor Hugo, preface

"To love another person is to see the face of God." -- Victor Hugo

"It is either Valjean or Javert." Grace versus the law.[1][2]

Unfold to read
The following discussion has been closed. Please do not modify it.


Heroes

Jean Valjean used several pseudonyms: Monsieur Madeleine, Iltime Fauchelevent, Monsieur Leblanc, Urbain Fabre, or 24601 and 9430 prisoner numbers.

Les Misérables (/l ˌmɪzəˈrɑːbəl, -blə/, French: [le mizeʁabl(ə)]) is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo, first published in 1862, that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century. In the English-speaking world, the novel is usually referred to by its original French title.

Beginning in 1815 and culminating in the 1832 June Rebellion in Paris, the novel follows the lives and interactions of several characters, particularly the struggles of ex-convict Jean Valjean and his experience of redemption.

Examining the nature of law and grace, the novel elaborates upon the history of France, the architecture and urban design of Paris, politics, moral philosophy, antimonarchism, justice, religion, and the types and nature of romantic and familial love. Les Misérables has been popularized through numerous adaptations for film, television and the stage, including a musical.

Jean Valjean is the protagonist of Victor Hugo's 1862 novel Les Misérables. Hugo depicts the character's 19-year-long struggle to lead a normal life after serving a prison sentence for stealing bread to feed his sister's children during a time of economic depression and various attempts to escape from prison. Valjean is also known in the novel as Monsieur Madeleine, Ultime Fauchelevent, Monsieur Leblanc, and Urbain Fabre.

Valjean and police Inspector Javert, who repeatedly encounters Valjean and attempts to return him to prison, have become archetypes in literary culture.

Obviously, social justice lies close to my heart. John Rawls is a renowned exponent of the principle of Justice as Fairness.

Other heroes of mine: Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, Victor Hugo, D. H. Lawrence, Douglas MacArthur, Adlai Stevenson, Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Abraham Lincoln, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Barack Obama

Username change

On 14:30, March 23, 2020‎, Turkmen moved User:BullRangifer to User:Valjean.

I have desired a username change for some time, and after some waiting, it has finally happened. Jean Valjean is the hero of Les Misérables, my favorite book, which I have read in several languages. His virtuous character is worthy of much admiration and emulation. He is portrayed as a remarkable man combining incredible physical strength with remarkable virtue. I'm also a fan of the 1980 musical. I also considered a username associated with Atticus Finch, another hero of mine, but Atticus Finch and Jean Valjean were already taken. Valjean was available, so I chose that one.

I know that this is offensive to some very religious people, but if I had to choose a book to give someone, and I had to choose between the Bible and Les Misérables, I'd give them Les Misérables. The principles of honesty, integrity, humility, generosity, kindness, selflessness, simplicity, heroism, and social justice found in the Bible are portrayed in a much clearer manner in Les Misérables. Jean Valjean was completely transformed from a hardened criminal into a virtuous man by the kindness and grace of Bishop Myriel. After his fateful meeting with Myriel, Valjean modeled his own life after the character of Myriel. We all need heroes, and they should be chosen wisely.

I used to own the book, CDs, and DVDs of the movie and musical in several languages. I even found an ancient 12-volume leather-bound set of Les Misérables (De Ulykkelige) and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame in Copenhagen, a great city for old books and cultural events, where we also saw the musical in the round Østre Gasværk Teater, with its revolving stage. A great experience. My wife and I especially loved the 2019, six-part Masterpiece Theatre adaptation:

"Dominic West stars as fugitive Jean Valjean, with David Oyelowo as his pursuer Inspector Javert and Lily Collins as the luckless single mother Fantine. Love, death, and the struggle for social justice in early 19th-century France feature in this beautifully faithful retelling of one of the world's most beloved stories."[12]

I especially loved the DVDs for the 10th Anniversary "Dream Cast" concert at the Royal Albert Hall and the 25th Anniversary concert in The O2 Arena, but lost them, along with everything else, in the 2018 Camp Fire. After the fire, my dear daughter, who knew how much that book meant to me, gifted me a nice copy of the book.

A home without any books is a sad place, so that book started my now-limited and budding collection of favorite books. All my medical textbooks, in at least five languages, are gone. I have no plans for resuming any large-scale collecting of books. I used to lug over forty, very heavy, banana boxes of books around the world whenever we moved. No more of that! Now I am picking very carefully, and Amazon, eBay, and local thrift stores and used book stores love me.

My old name

This discussion has been closed. Please do not modify it.
The following discussion has been closed. Please do not modify it.
BullRangifer
What's in a name? (old name)

Valjean:What's in a name?

Rangifer = Reindeer, and a bull reindeer is a noble stag.(*)

The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer, widespread and numerous across the northern Holarctic.

A bull reindeer is a truly majestic animal, and reindeer/caribou "may well be the species of single greatest importance in the entire anthropological literature on hunting":

"In North America and Eurasia the species has long been an important resource--in many areas the most important resource--for peoples inhabiting the northern boreal forest and tundra regions. Known human dependence on caribou/wild reindeer has a long history, beginning in the Middle Pleistocene (Banfield 1961:170; Kurtén 1968:170) and continuing to the present....The caribou/wild reindeer is thus an animal that has been a major resource for humans throughout a tremendous geographic area and across a time span of tens of thousands of years.... It may well be the species of single greatest importance in the entire anthropological literature on hunting." Ernest S. Burch, Jr. The Caribou/Wild Reindeer as a Human Resource. American Antiquity, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul., 1972), pp. 339-368.
Reindeer hunting

Please read Reindeer hunting in Greenland, which I authored.

I have personally harvested 16 reindeer. Excellent flavor and very lean.

Firearm: SAKO cal. .30-06. Shortest distance to target: under 7 meters (two deer were curious and approached to stare at me while I gutted another deer). Longest distance: 150+ meters. Most deer in one day: four. I have had the pleasure of having my wife accompany me on one hunt, and sharing in all the details of the hunt, IOW sweat, lots of climbing and hiking, nerves, caution, patience, excitement, blood and guts, carrying, etc..

(*)The Noble Stag Is A Majestic creature.
  • A noble stag saved the king's life. [13]

Concerts

Links

Actors who have played Jean Valjean in movies

Valjean was born in 1769 and died in 1833 (aged 64)

Full name: Jean Valjean

Aliases: Monsieur Leblanc, Monsieur Madeleine, Ultime Fauchelevent, Urbain Fabre, Prisoner 24601, Prisoner 9430

Actors who have played Jean Valjean in the 1980 musical

Things that "Led to the Rise of English Wikipedia’s Credibility"

Fascinating stuff! Well worth the read.

Steinsson traces the change in the content of English Wikipedia over time to suggest that the combination of ambiguous institutional rules and certain editors leaving the site helped Wikipedia transition from being a source that hosted pro-fringe discourse to one that gained credibility as an active fact-checker and anti-fringe. A close examination of the content of selected Wikipedia articles, their publicly available editing history, as well as the comments made by the editors, allows Steinsson to show that a change in the interpretation of Wikipedia’s Neutral Point of View (NPOV) guideline affected the nature of content in its articles. As the interpretation favored by anti-fringe editors became popular, pro-fringe editors faced increasing challenges and began to leave Wikipedia. This shift in the balance between pro-fringe and anti-fringe editors, which was a result both of the way editorial disputes were resolved and the exit of pro-fringe editors, made Wikipedia gain credibility as a source that debunked myths and controversies and did not promote pseudoscience.[16]

Wikipedia:Five pillars

This discussion has been closed. Please do not modify it.
The following discussion has been closed. Please do not modify it.

Wikipedia:Five pillars

All of Wikipedia's official policies and guidelines can be reduced to these five pillars that define Wikipedia's character:

Wikipedia is an encyclopedia incorporating elements of general encyclopedias, specialized encyclopedias, and almanacs. All articles must follow our no original research policy and strive for accuracy; Wikipedia is not the place to insert personal opinions, experiences, or arguments. Furthermore, Wikipedia is not an indiscriminate collection of information. Wikipedia is not a trivia collection, a soapbox, a vanity publisher, an experiment in anarchy or democracy, or a web directory. Nor is Wikipedia a dictionary, a newspaper, or a collection of source documents; these kinds of content should be contributed to the sister projects, Wiktionary, Wikinews, and Wikisource, respectively.
 
Wikipedia has a neutral point of view, which means we strive for articles that advocate no single point of view. Sometimes this requires representing multiple points of view; presenting each point of view accurately; providing context for any given point of view, so that readers understand whose view the point represents; and presenting no one point of view as "the truth" or "the best view". It means citing verifiable, authoritative sources whenever possible, especially on controversial topics. When a conflict arises as to which version is the most neutral, declare a cool-down period and tag the article as disputed; hammer out details on the talk page and follow dispute resolution.
 
Wikipedia is free content that anyone may edit. All text is available under the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) and may be distributed or linked accordingly. Recognize that articles can be changed by anyone and no individual controls any specific article; therefore, any writing you contribute can be mercilessly edited and redistributed at will by the community. Do not submit copyright infringements or works licensed in a way incompatible with the GFDL.
 
Wikipedia has a code of conduct: Respect your fellow Wikipedians even when you may not agree with them. Be civil. Avoid making personal attacks or sweeping generalizations. Stay cool when the editing gets hot; avoid edit wars by following the three-revert rule; remember that there are 6,812,360 articles on the English Wikipedia to work on and discuss. Act in good faith, never disrupt Wikipedia to illustrate a point, and assume good faith on the part of others. Be open and welcoming.
 
Wikipedia does not have firm rules besides the five general principles elucidated here. Be bold in editing, moving, and modifying articles, because the joy of editing is that although it should be aimed for, perfection isn't required. And don't worry about messing up. All prior versions of articles are kept, so there is no way that you can accidentally damage Wikipedia or irretrievably destroy content. But remember — whatever you write here will be preserved for posterity.

Note

This page describes Wikipedia's fundamental principles. These principles predate the creation of this page. It is sometimes said that all or most policy is based upon this page, but most policy also predates the creation of this page.

Wikipedia's principles

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How to: Help, Cite sources, Manual of Style, Style and How-to Directory, Wiki Markup, TeX, Utilities, Picture tutorial, Extended image syntax, Tables, Table help.

Policies and guidelines: Policies and guidelines, verifiability, Neutral point of view, No original research, Assume good faith, What Wikipedia is not, Banning policy, Three revert rule..

User talk:Valjean Special:Contributions/Valjean Special:Emailuser/Valjean User:Valjean/Userboxes User:Valjean/Barnstars User:Valjean/Watchlists
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This editor is a
Master Editor IV
and is entitled to display this
Orichalcum Editor Star.
This user was identified as an awesome Wikipedian on March 24, 2020.
This user has autopatrolled rights on the English Wikipedia. (verify)
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This user has rollback rights on the English Wikipedia. (verify)
1011 As of last count among active Wikipedians, this user is #1011 by number of edits.
This user has made 90,000+ edits to the English Wikipedia.
NameThis user wants his name to be confidential.XXX
This user has been a member of Wikipedia since 2003, before we had 200,000 articles..
This user has been editing Wikipedia for more than 15 years (18 years, 3 months, and 27 days).
Quality, not quantity.This user believes that a user's edit count does not necessarily reflect on the value of their contributions to Wikipedia.
304This user has 304 watchers.
7.4This user has 7.4 centijimbos.
This editor has been awarded the Sitting Duck Award
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ESU100% for major edits and 100% for minor edits. – Last update: April 2, 2024.
This user is proud
to be a Wikipedian.
Editing Wikipedia is something this user does as a hobby.
This user thinks that registration should be required to edit articles.
inclThis user is an inclusionist.
evenThis editor is an eventualist.
admin-This user feels that criteria for adminship are generally too low
<ref>This user recognizes the importance of citing sources.
1RRThis user prefers discussing changes on the talk page rather than engaging in an edit war.
EW+This user has experienced edit wars and doesn't wish involvement again. Please be civil; no personal attacks.
This user finds edit/revert wars disruptive.
This user resists the POV pushing of lunatic charlatans.
This user contributes using Firefox.
<ref>This user would like to see everyone using inline citations. Please...
WTF?This user ALWAYS leaves
an edit summary.
This user seeks and destroys vandalism.
NPOVThis user has political or religious views but always writes with a NPOV when editing Wikipedia.
This user is opposed to communism in both theory and practice.

This user is anti-fascist who is against racist ideology of the Third Reich, Fascist Italy, NDH and Nedić's Serbia.


This user believes in the separation of religion and state.*
Wikipedia is not to be used to un-brainwash the masses. We inform the masses about...attempts to brainwash them.[17]