User:Paul August

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Projects: Mathematics, List, PlanetMath Exchange, Dante, Classical Greece and Rome, Greece.

Mathematics: Current activity, List of mathematical topics, List of lists of mathematical topics, List of examples in general topology, Glossary of general topology.

How to: Help, Cite sources, Manual of Style, Style and How-to Directory, Wiki Markup, TeX, Utilities, Picture tutorial, Extended image syntax, Tables, Table help.

Policies and guidelines: Policies and guidelines, verifiability, Neutral point of view, No original research, Assume good faith, What Wikipedia is not, Banning policy, Three revert rule, Wikipedia:"In popular culture" content (= WP:IPC), MOS:POPCULT (No sources establishing relevance, significance and notability with respect to the article's subject. Mere existence in some other context is not sufficient reason to warrant mention here. See MOS:POPCULT) xkcd comic

My: Sandbox, Bibliography, Images, Vacation msg, monobook.js.

Templates: In popular culture, Refimprove, Unreferenced section, Block templates, User warning Template table

Other: The Wikipedia Library Card Platform Login: [1] Wikipedia:Replies to common objections, Funniest page on Wikipedia, Top editors, Kate's tool, Kate+, Diego, colors, Article edit history tool Edit counter Mythology IP editors, favorite edit summary, Resurce Exchange, Bear-rings Earwig's Copyvio Detector, XTools, Iridescent: "a known flaw in Wikipedia's dispute-resolution mechanism, ... a hundred admins can see a comment and deem it non-problematic, but if one admin deems the comment problematic they can block on the spot." Deity equivalents

Personal Info


Work queue[edit]

See West, The Orphic Poems, pp. 124-126
Hunter, p. 2
Ormand p. 3


  • Apollodorus, Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.

Apollodorus, 1.1.3

[3] And again he begat children by Earth, to wit, the Titans as they are named: Ocean, Coeus, Hyperion, Crius, Iapetus, and, youngest of all, Cronus; also daughters, the Titanides as they are called: Tethys, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Dione, Thia.1
1 Compare Hes. Th. 132ff. who agrees in describing Cronus as the youngest of the brood. As Zeus, who succeeded his father Cronus on the heavenly throne, was likewise the youngest of his family (Hes. Th. 453ff.), we may conjecture that among the ancient Greeks or their ancestors inheritance was at one time regulated by the custom of ultimogeniture or the succession of the youngest, as to which see Folk-Lore in the Old Testament, i.429ff. In the secluded highlands of Arcadia, where ancient customs and traditions lingered long, King Lycaon is said to have been succeeded by his youngest son. See Apollod. 3.8.1.


Add refs to Cassandra, re Cassandra = Alexandra:

  • Pausanias, Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Lycophron, Alexandra (or Cassandra) in Callimachus and Lycophron with an English translation by A. W. Mair ; Aratus, with an English translation by G. R. Mair, London: W. Heinemann, New York: G. P. Putnam 1921. Internet Archive.
Lycophron, Alexandra 30; Pausanias, 3.19, 3.26.


Featured: Attalus I



Some major edits:

User pages[edit]

Article Notes: /(Template)

New: Hypnos (See Shefold, p. 248)

Old article notes: Aethiopia & Andromeda, Aganippe, Aristonicus, Bio, Cytorus, Endymion, Endymion 2, Eumenes II, DGRBM, Gaius Terentius Varro, Heraclea, Heraclea Pontica, King of Athens, Pandion I, Pandion II, Ogyges, Roman Agora. Trojan War, William Jacob Baer, Zeno's paradoxes,


Article Drafts:

Online Resources[edit]


  • Parada symbols:
• (origin)
•• (mates)
••• (offspring)
∞ (mated with)
D. (description)
G. (group)

Old To Do[edit]

Add to: Sanctuary of Pandion: Hurwit, [2]

Fix: Symmetric relation, Antisymmetric relation, Asymmetric relation, reflexive relation, Irreflexive relation, total relation, Trichotomy, Ordered ring, Ultrametric space, Physical constant (table, and notes), Mathematical constant (table), Theodosius I (succession box see talk), Empty function, Zeno of Elea (turn inline references into footnotes, make external links into References section), Algebra, Magnitude (mathematics) (merge with absolute value), Heraclea (disambiguate), set (image prob see subset), union (set theory) (image prob see subset), intersection (set theory) (image prob see subset), complement (set theory) (image prob see subset), Image:Sym complement.png (replace), Table of mathematical symbols ( ":=" entry, reorganize)

Expand/Rewrite: Image (add and organize properties - see PM), Restriction (mathematics) (and move to Restriction), Trichotomy (split into dab page and "law of trychotomy" page, also see PM article), Identity function (see PlanetMath "Identity map"), Achaeus (general), List of mathematical functions: and create category? First Macedonian War: expand intro (FAC?) Inverse function: add inverse morphism, Arsinoe II of Egypt, Camilla (mythology), Interval (mathematics), Neighbourhood (mathematics), Parmenides, Empedocles, Permutation, Binary relation add informal definition (as subset of X x Y), add definition of Domain and Codomain of a relation First-order predicate logic link to symbolic logic? (figure out why link was removed)


A cautionary tale[edit]

Wiki Creed[edit]


  • Lucan's take on some guy name of Caesar crossing the Rubicon to duke it out with a volcano -- maybe I have that wrong, but you'll need to read the book to find out. — Review of Lucan's Pharsalia found on
  • The problem with defending the purity of the English language is that English is about as pure as a cribhouse whore. We don't just borrow words; on occasion, English has pursued other languages down alleyways to beat them unconscious and rifle their pockets for new vocabulary.James D. Nicoll
  • He thought he saw an argument / That proved he was the Pope: / He looked again and found it was / A Bar of Mottled Soap.Lewis Carroll, Sylvie and Bruno: "The Mad Gardener's Song".
  • Crossing a bare common / at twilight in February / under a cloudy sky / without any warning / I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration / I am glad to the brink of fear. — This unattributed "quote", found posted on my office bulletine board, yellowed with age, in my handwriting, which as it happens, exactly describes my own crossing of a park in winter, when I was a romantic youth, is apparently an "improvement" by someone (me?) of a bit of prose from Ralph Waldo Emerson's, Nature: Chapter I.
  • IMHO the use of the word "troll" on Wikipedia, should be avoided. It is not well defined and not well understood, hence for the most part, it simply results in being used or understood as a generic insult like "asshole". (Paul August, 20:34, 29 January 2007 (UTC))
  • On Infoboxes:
    • A box promises to contain, and things that can't be neatly contained can't be put in boxes. A box suggests "this is the real deal," and if the real deal could be put in a box, then there would be no need for articles. A box says, "Here is your PowerPoint bullet point list, so you can find all the world reduced to a reductive summary; please do not strive to understand complexity, for that is for suckers." A box says, "Wikipedia is just like your primary school text book: full of colors and 'bites' of infotainment." A box says, "I, the box maker, have just pissed all over this article and written a counter-article, and it's short, so read it instead." A box may be found useful by some people, indeed. We call those people "non-readers." (Utgard Loki, 16:47, 28 March 2008 (UTC))
    • A box aggressively attracts the marginally literate eye with apparent promises to contain a reductive summary of information that can't be neatly contained. Like a bulleted list, or a timeline that substitutes for genuine history, it offers a competitive counter-article, stripped of nuance. As a substitute for accuracy and complexity a box trumps all discourse. (Wetman, 23:52, 8 April 2008 (UTC))
    • Here are some reasons why I disagree with including an infobox in this article: (1) The box emphasizes unimportant factoids stripped of context and lacking nuance, such as "Death Place", in competition with the WP:LEAD section which emphasizes and contextualizes the most important facts. (2) Since the most important points about the article are already discussed in the Lead, or adequately discussed in the body of the article, the box is redundant. (3) It takes up valuable space at the top of the article and hampers the layout and impact of the Lead. (4) Frequent errors creep into infoboxes, as updates are made to the articles but not reflected in the redundant info in the box, and they tend to draw more vandalism and fancruft than other parts of articles. (5) The infobox template creates a lot of code near the top of the edit screen that discourages new editors from editing the article. (6) It discourages readers from reading the article. (7) It distracts editors from focusing on the content of the article. Instead of improving the article, they spend time working on this repetitive feature and its coding and formatting. See also WP:DISINFOBOX. (Ssilvers, 18:33, 1 August 2016 (UTC))



For quality Paul may be crazed,
but in conflict is mostly unfazed—
and, too, pretty swell
for one who can't tell
his mug from his chocolate glazed!


After math is crazy Paul
This is known by us all

He may dream of Ancient Greece
But just numbers give him peace

Neither Caesar, neither Kate
Are too stong to change his fate

But don't worry, have some rum
And enjoy the year to come

Anonymous (New Year's eve 2006)

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