User:John Maynard Friedman

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    My user-name[edit]

    My user-name is a twist on an occasional urban myth about my home city, Milton Keynes. Despite the myth, MK is not named after Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes. The name is centuries old and comes from that of an ancient village, now part of the new city. Though it could be that JMK is descended from the de Cahaignes, the Anglo-Norman family who once owned these parts.

    Friedman rule[edit]

    I am not responsible for the Friedman rule, it was the other bloke.

    Talk to me[edit]

    Leave a message on my talk page ->

    GAs and DYKs[edit]

    Good Articles that I nominated[edit]

    Did You Know features from these GAs[edit]

    My useful links[edit]


    • Multiple pages in the same sourcebook - WP:IBID and WP:CITEPAGE (help), especially Help:Shortened footnotes (using Harvard citations).
    • Template:Google books
    • References and footnotes: WP:References, WP:Footnotes (use {{subst:Footnotes|100%}} )
      • Template:Refn and #tag:ref
      • templates: efn and notelist
    • Use Refill to fix bare references see User:Zhaofeng Li/reFill
    • Dead links restored using, or ghostarchive
    • put longwinded cites in References section rather than embedded:
      • {{reflist|refs= then
      • <ref name=
    • {{rp}} for specific page in a book (after {{cite book}})
    • Chasing down all instances of an unreliable or WP:LINKVIO source: {{duses}} (e.g., HTTPS links HTTP links )
    • Getting a precise page citation from Google Books: see wp:GBOOKS.
    • use |display-authors=etal in cite books
    • Inflation: how to specify as of when: Equivalent to about £{{inflation|UK-GDP|0.15|1700|r=0}} million in {{Inflation/year|UK-GDP}}.{{Inflation/fn|UK-GDP}} yields Equivalent to about £21 million in 2019.[1]
    • link to other language WPs: {{ill}}
    • using {{cite book}} in "further reading" can throw up false positives. Add ref=none to the string to avoid.

    R template[edit]

    template:r is a quick way to shorten named refs and include chapter/section/page numbers.

    Bare URLs[edit]


    • Poole, Robert (1995). Calendar Reform in eighteenth-century England. Oxford Academic Past & Present. p. 117, footnote 77.


    • Poole, Robert (1995). "'Give us back our eleven days!': Calendar Reform in eighteenth-century England". Past & Present. 149 (1): 95–139. doi:10.1093/past/149.1.95. p. 117, footnote 77.

    Got title, need ISBN, publisher etc[edit]

    Following a link from an isbn= took me to and I found that it is far better than Google (or Amazon) when doing the reverse – I have a title but I need its ISBN. It also gives publisher, location, date, translator – just what one needs to complete a template:cite book.

    Historic England[edit]



    Statutes at large[edit]

    Old OS maps[edit]

    Place names[edit]

    Book sources[edit]

    • Wikipedia talk:Book sources
    • fix harv errors for unused citations by moving them to a Further Reading and appending ref=none to the citation.

    Wlinking to an older instance of a page[edit]


    with this diff, xyz

    "[ ... ] You can also use the {{oldid}} template: my sandbox or go through a special page my sandbox." Gospel according to Redrose64 🌹

    Antivandalism and other warnings[edit]

    Editing talk pages[edit]

    {{od}} restart indent sequence

    IP editors[edit]

    Obscure but useful links[edit]

    It works!
    • X v X (disambiguation): Judging by WP:DABNAME and WP:INTDABLINK, X(d) should redirect to X if X is also a disambig (no primary topic).

    Screen-reader ready[edit]

    It just shouldn't rely on color and/or font alone; if it's marked up with <kbd>...</kbd> (which indicates keystrokes or other textual input, and is more loosely spec-defined than <code>...</code>), that's a sufficient HTML/CSS handle for anyone with a screen reader to tell their software to do something specific when encountering that element. But if there's no specific element, just some CSS coloring and/or font-family on a span, all screen readers will ignore it as irrelevant visual fluff. That would mostly be a problem when the content coincides with an English word like a or I, though it would probably also affect punctuation characters (we need them to be interpreted as characters in and of themselves in these cases, not as part of the regular flow of the sentence; I think by default most screen readers would just ignore it as mis-placed punctuation (a typo), though some might even do something more wrong, e.g. misinterpret a single-quote character being presented as a glyph, as instead indicating the beginning of a quotation. While not everyone with a screen reader will do something to distinguish <kbd> markup, at least they have the option, and it won't be dependent on using a unique-to-WP CSS class, either, so easier to deal with on their end.


    Rather than outright copy the lead of another article, use {{excerpt}} to replicate it automagically.

    Collapsible list[edit]

    Better disambiguation articles and See also lists[edit]

    • {{anli}}, appends the short description (aka {{annotated link}}
    • {{subst:AnnotatedListOfLinks| etc etc}} to convert a long See Also to use ALs.

    but... Wikipedia talk:Short description/Archive 9#Length – 40 or 90 characters??

    Trouble at t'mill[edit]

    My test page[edit]

    User:John Maynard Friedman/Test

    Things to follow up[edit]

    • finish census ref in parishes (E)
      • Update BoMK citation

    OR etc [edit]


    Getting metro area population from Nomis[edit]

    1. then section headed Local Area Report
    2. Name of urban area and then Search ... Example: Bristol
    3. Select the relevant built up area ... Example: Built-up area (villages, towns or cities), ...Bristol (in South West Region) (caution! not "Built-up area sub divisions (town or city sub divisions)").
    4. Get the GSS E number from the response ... Example: "This report covers the characteristics of people and households in Bristol Built-up area in South West (GSS code E34004965)".
    5. Plug into template:NOMIS2011 ... Example {{NOMIS2011|id=E34004965|title=Bristol BUA}} produces UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Bristol BUA (E34004965)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. which reports "There were 617,280 usual residents as at Census day 2011".
    6. Wrap in ref tags and attach to figure in table.



    1. ^ United Kingdom Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth "consistent series" supplied in Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2018). "What Was the U.K. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved February 2, 2020.