Unión General de Trabajadores (sector histórico)

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Unión General de Trabajadores (sector histórico)
  • Spain
Key people
José Gómez Egidio, president

Unión General de Trabajadores (sector histórico) ('General Workers' Union (historical sector)', abbreviated UGT(H)) was a trade union centre in Spain during the Transition years.[1] UGT(H) emerged from a split in the Unión General de Trabajadores and was linked to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historic) (PSOE(H)).[2] The split in UGT was linked to the split in PSOE after its 1973 congress in Toulouse.[3]


José Gómez Egidio was the president of UGT(H).[3][4] Felipe Redondo was the vice president of the organization.[3] Lázaro Movilla served as treasurer and national spokesperson of UGT(H).[5] Other veteran socialists in the UGT(H) leadership were Isaac Pérez (secretary), Felipe López, Francisco Biedma, José Alarcón and Benito Guaza.[3] The national committee of UGT(H), with these men and three others representing trade unionists in exile, was named in January 1976 by the provincial federations of UGT(H).[3]

Political profile[edit]

UGT(H) claimed to be the genuine inheritor of the tradition of the original UGT.[4] The other UGT group rejected these claims, stating that the name of UGT(H) was creating confusion amongst workers.[6] At a public meeting of UGT(H) in Madrid in 1977 a group of UGT cadres disrupted the event, shouting slogans in support of the UGT leadership.[4]

UGT(H) sought return of UGT properties expropriated after the Spanish Civil War.[7] UGT(H) had close links to the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, with which it shared a common view on the latter developments inside the Republican camp in the Civil War.[8][9] UGT(H) was vehemently anti-communist and opposed the unity process of the labour movement advocated by Comisiones Obreras.[5][9]

PSOE(H) members were obliged to be members of UGT(H), a policy inherited from Pablo Iglesias from the early years of PSOE.[3] Apart from PSOE(H), UGT(H) was also joined by members of the Spanish Democratic Socialist Party (PSDE) and Spanish Social Reform (RSE) (two anti-Marxist groups).[10] These parties were also allies of PSOE(H) in the Socialist and Democratic Alliance.[2]


  1. ^ González Encinar, José Juan. Galicia: sistema de partidos y comportamiento electoral, 1976–1981. Madrid: Akal, 1982. p. 20
  3. ^ a b c d e f "La Unión General de Trabajadores, escindida por gala en dos". Hemeroteca.abc.es. 24 April 1976.
  4. ^ a b c "Presentación en Madrid de la "U.G.T." Histórica". Hemeroteca.abc.es. 18 January 1977.
  5. ^ a b UGT (Histórica): "Alerta contra el chantaje"
  6. ^ La Vanguardia. U.G.T. ha hecho público un comunicado en el que rechaza a la denominada U.G.T. Histórica
  7. ^ "Reorganización de la UGT (histórica) madrileña". El País. 30 November 1976.
  8. ^ "Solidaridad de la U.G.T. (Histórica) con la C.N.T". Hemeroteca.abc.es. 26 June 1976.
  9. ^ a b "El PSOE histórico reafirma su carácter anticomunista". El País. 6 June 1976.
  10. ^ "Partidos antimarxistas incrementan la UGT (histórica)". El País. 11 November 1976.