Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022

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Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act To provide enhanced authority for the President to enter into agreements with the Government of Ukraine to lend or lease defense articles to that Government to protect civilian populations in Ukraine from Russian military invasion, and for other purposes.
NicknamesUkraine Lend-Lease Act
Enacted bythe 117th United States Congress
EffectiveMay 9, 2022
Citations
Public lawPub.L. 117–118 (text) (PDF)
Legislative history

The Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022 is an act of the United States Congress that facilitates the supply of materiel to the Ukrainian government in a manner similar to the World War II Lend-Lease Act in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[1]

Provisions[edit]

The full title of the act is “An Act To provide enhanced authority for the President to enter into agreements with the Government of Ukraine to lend or lease defense articles to that Government to protect civilian populations in Ukraine from Russian military invasion, and for other purposes.”

The legislation reduces red tape on exports of defense equipment from the USA to Ukraine, in order to ensure that the equipment is delivered promptly. It is applicable to fiscal years 2022 and 2023.[2]

The legislation is named in reference to the World War II era Lend-Lease program that supplied US allies in the fight against Nazi Germany and is credited with being a deciding factor in the war.[2]

Passage of Legislation[edit]

President Biden signs the Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022 into law.

The bill was passed unanimously in the US Senate on April 6, 2022 and passed in the House of Representatives by a vote of 417–10[3] on April 28, 2022.[4]

The ten representatives, all from the Republican Party, who voted against the bill were: Andy Biggs of Arizona, Dan Bishop of North Carolina, Warren Davidson of Ohio, Matt Gaetz of Florida, Paul Gosar of Arizona, Marjorie Taylor Greene of Georgia, Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Ralph Norman of South Carolina, Scott Perry of Pennsylvania and Tom Tiffany of Wisconsin.

President Joe Biden signed the bill into law on May 9, 2022, Victory Day, the holiday on which Russia commemorates the victory over Nazi Germany in 1945. This signing date was seen as a "rejoinder to Russian President Vladimir Putin".[5][6]

Text[edit]

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022”.

SEC. 2. LOAN AND LEASE OF DEFENSE ARTICLES TO THE GOVERNMENTS OF UKRAINE AND EASTERN FLANK COUNTRIES.

(a) Authority To Lend Or Lease Defense Articles To Certain Governments.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraph (2), for fiscal years 2022 and 2023, the President may authorize the United States Government to lend or lease defense articles to the Government of Ukraine or to governments of Eastern European countries impacted by the Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine to help bolster those countries' defense capabilities and protect their civilian populations from potential invasion or ongoing aggression by the armed forces of the Government of the Russian Federation.
(2) EXCLUSIONS.—For the purposes of the authority described in paragraph (1) as that authority relates to Ukraine, the following provisions of law shall not apply:
(A) Section 503(b)(3) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2311(b)(3)).
(B) Section 61 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2796).
(3) CONDITION.—Any loan or lease of defense articles to the Government of Ukraine under paragraph (1) shall be subject to all applicable laws concerning the return of and reimbursement and repayment for defense articles loan or leased to foreign governments.
(4) DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY.—The President may delegate the enhanced authority under this subsection only to an official appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(b) Procedures For Delivery Of Defense Articles.—Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall establish expedited procedures for the delivery of any defense article loaned or leased to the Government of Ukraine under an agreement entered into under subsection (a) to ensure timely delivery of the article to that Government.

(c) Definition Of Defense Article.—In this Act, the term “defense article” has the meaning given that term in section 47 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In the fight against Putin, Senate unanimously approves measure that once helped beat Hitler". POLITICO.
  2. ^ a b "Congress passes bill letting U.S. lend weapons systems to Ukraine". CBS. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  3. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 141". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. 2022-04-28. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  4. ^ "S. 3522 (ES) - Ukraine Democracy Defense Lend-Lease Act of 2022". Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  5. ^ Shapero, Julia (2022-05-09). "Biden signs bill reviving WWII lend-lease program for Ukraine". Axios. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  6. ^ Miller, Zeke; Lisa Mascaro (May 9, 2022). "Biden signs Ukraine bill, seeks $40B aid, in Putin rejoinder". APNews.com. Retrieved May 9, 2022.

External links[edit]