USS Franklin (1815)

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The U. S. Ship Franklin, with a View of the Bay of New York MET ap54.90.289.jpg
USS Franklin
History
NameUSS Franklin
NamesakeBenjamin Franklin
BuilderPhiladelphia Navy Yard
Laid down1815
LaunchedAugust 1815
Commissionedbefore 14 October 1817
FateBroken up, 1852
General characteristics
TypeShip of the line
Tonnage2243
Length190 ft 9 in (58.14 m)
Beam54 ft 7 in (16.64 m)
Draft24 ft 3 in (7.39 m)
Armament
  • 30 × long 32-pounder guns
  • 32 × medium 32-pounder guns
  • 24 × 32-pounder carronades

USS Franklin of the United States Navy was a 74-gun ship of the line. She was named for Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.

Construction[edit]

Built in 1815 under the supervision of Samuel Humphreys and Charles Penrose she was the first vessel to be laid down at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was superintended by her commander Captain John Smith, who died before or right around her launch in August 1815.[1]

Description[edit]

This is the description of USS Franklin from Journal of Hezekiah Loomis:

a frigate of 74 guns, launched with bowsprit, drawing 13.6 forward and 17.2 aft. When equipped for sea her lower deck ports amidships were within 4 feet of the water. In commission, 1815; 188 feet long; 50 feet beam; 20 feet hold.[2]

Service[edit]

Franklin sailed on her first cruise on 14 October 1817, when under the command of Master Commandant H. E. Ballard she proceeded from Philadelphia to the Mediterranean. She carried the Hon. Richard Rush, U.S. Minister to England, to his post. Subsequently she was designated flagship of the Mediterranean Squadron, cruising on that station until March 1820. She returned to New York City on 24 April 1820.

From 11 October 1821 until 29 August 1824 she served as flagship on the Pacific Squadron. Franklin was laid up in ordinary until the summer of 1838 when she was ordered to Boston as a receiving ship. She continued in this capacity until 1852 at which time she was taken to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, razed and broken up.

Parts from her were used in the construction of her successor the steam frigate Franklin, launched in 1864.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Middlebrook, Louis F. (1927). Essex Institute historical collections. Essex Institute. pp. Vol. LXIII. OCLC 6140167.
  2. ^ Loomis, Hezekiah (1928). Journal of Hezekiah Loomis, steward on the U.S. Brig "Vixen", Captain John Smith, U.S.N.; war with Tripoli, 1804. Essex Institute. OCLC 3678627.
  3. ^ "Benjamin Franklin Tour Around the Franklin Institute". June 2017.