UK Statistics Authority
|Scottish Gaelic: Am Bòrd an Staitistig|
Welsh: Y Bwrdd Ystadegau
|Formed||1 April 2008|
|Headquarters||1 Drummond Gate |
|Annual budget||£256m (2018)|
|Parent department||Cabinet Office|
The UK Statistics Authority (UKSA, Welsh: Awdurdod Ystadegau'r DU) is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for oversight of the Office for National Statistics, maintaining a national code of practice for official statistics, and accrediting statistics that comply with the Code as National Statistics. UKSA was established on 1 April 2008 by the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, and is directly accountable to the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Gordon Brown, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced on 28 November 2005, that the government intended to publish plans in early 2006 to legislate to render the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the statistics it generates independent of government on a model based on the independence of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England. This was originally a 1997 Labour Party manifesto commitment and was also the policy of the Liberal Democrat and Conservative parties. Such independence was also sought by the Royal Statistical Society and the Statistics Commission. The National Statistician, who is the chief executive of the ONS, would be directly accountable to Parliament through a widely constituted independent governing Statistics Board. The ONS would be a non-ministerial government department so that the staff, including the Director, would remain as civil servants but without being under direct ministerial control. The National Statistician at the time, Karen Dunnell, stated that the legislation would help improve public trust in official statistics although the ONS already acts independently according to its own published guidelines, the National Statistics Code of Practice, which sets out the key principles and standards that official statisticians, including those in other parts of the Government Statistical Service, are expected to follow and uphold.
The details of the plans for independence were considered in Parliament during the 2006/2007 session and resulted in the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007. In July 2007, Sir Michael Scholar was nominated by the government to be the three-day-a-week non-executive chairman of the Statistics Board which, to re-establish faith in the integrity of government statistics, has statutory responsibility for oversight of UK government statistics and of the Office for National Statistics. It also has a duty to assess all UK government statistics. Following Gordon Brown's later announcement on his 2007 appointment as Prime Minister of new constitutional arrangements for public appointments, Sir Michael also became, on 18 July, the first such nominee to appear before the House of Commons Treasury Committee and to have his nomination subject to confirmation by the House. On 7 February 2008, following the first meeting of the shadow board, it was announced that the body would be known as the UK Statistics Authority.
UKSA was established on 1 April 2008 by the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, and is directly accountable to the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It reports to Parliament through the Minister for the Cabinet Office.
Formally, the UK Statistics Authority has two main functions: a production arm – the Office for National Statistics – and a regulatory arm – the Office for Statistics Regulation.
Office for National Statistics
The ONS is responsible for collecting, analysing and distributing statistical information about the UK's economy, society and population. It replaces the role previously performed by HM Treasury ministers.
Office for Statistics Regulation
The Office for Statistics Regulation (OSR) performs independent monitoring of official statistics, including assessment of the coverage, completeness and usefulness of statistics in particular areas. The OSR is also responsible for maintaining a Code of Practice for Official Statistics, and accrediting Code-compliant statistics as 'National Statistics'. However, the chair can also act to comment on perceived misuse of official statistics by persons responsible or accountable for them. The assessment function has an operational role of producing reports on code compliance of specific sets of national statistics, and also a role making more strategic recommendations for the improvement of statistical outputs, in terms of both the presentation and coverage of official statistics as well as monitoring public trust in government statistics.
The UKSA has reported on the need to improve commentary supporting the release of official statistics, and the procedures and extent of pre-release access to official statistics by government ministers. The authority has also produced reports on the impact of cuts to specific statistical activity, such as the citizenship survey, especially where these changes affect users in other bodies. Other reports focus on statistics relating to a particular sector such as health and charities both of which have relevant data collected by more than one government body. A specific stream of work has been on user engagement, identifying the uses of official statistics and the extent to which the needs of users are taken into account by producers.
Current Board members
|Sir Robert Chote||Chair||1 June 2022|
|Sian Jones||Deputy Chair||1 July 2016|
|Dr. Jacob Abboud||Non-executive member||13 February 2023|
|Prof. Sir John Aston||Non-executive member||1 July 2021|
|Richard Dobbs||Non-executive member||27 May 2020|
|Nora Nanayakkara||Non-executive member||1 July 2016|
|Prof. Dame Carol Propper DBE||Non-executive member||13 February 2023|
|Prof. Sir David Spiegelhalter FRS||Non-executive member||27 May 2020|
|Penny Young||Non-executive member||13 February 2023|
Ex officio executive members
As well as the nine non-executive members of the Board, there are three civil servants who serve as executive members as a part of their jobs. They are:
- Prof. Sir Ian Diamond FBA FRSE FAcSS, the National Statistician and head of the Government Statistical Service, took up post 22 October 2019
- Ed Humpherson CB, the Authority's Head of Assessment, responsible for the independent assessment of official statistics
- Sam Beckett, second permanent secretary, takes the third executive place on the board which had previously been held on a rotational basis by the deputy national statisticians
The three Office for National Statistics (ONS) Directors General normally attend meetings of the board but are formally not members:
- Mike Keoghan, ONS Director General and Deputy National Statistician for Economic, Social & Environmental Statistics
- Alison Pritchard, ONS Director General and Deputy National Statistician for Data Capability
- Pete Benton, ONS Director General and Deputy National Statistician for Health, Population & Methods
Former Board members
|Prof. Jonathan Haskel CBE||Non-Executive Director||1 February 2016||1 February 2023|
|Helen Boaden||Non-Executive Director||1 June 2019||31 December 2022|
|Prof. Anne Trefethen FBCS FREng||Non-Executive Director||1 June 2018||31 December 2022|
|Sir David Norgrove||Chair||April 2017||31 March 2022|
|Prof. David Hand OBE FBA||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2013||30 June 2021|
|Prof. Sir Adrian Smith FRS||Non-Executive Director||1 September 2012||31 March 2020|
|1 April 2008||1 September 2008|
|Prof. Sir Ian Diamond FBA FRSE||Non-Executive Director||1 June 2018||5 August 2019|
|Dr David Levy||Non-Executive Director||1 August 2012||30 May 2019|
|Dame Colette Bowe DBE||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2008||31 March 2018|
|Dame Moira Gibb DBE||Non-Executive Director||1 February 2008||31 January 2018|
|Sir Andrew Dilnot CBE||Chair||1 April 2012||31 March 2017|
|Dame Carolyn Fairbairn DBE||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2013||30 September 2015|
|Professor David Rhind CBE||Deputy Chair (Statistics System)||1 July 2012||30 June 2015|
|Mr Partha Dasgupta||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2008||30 June 2014|
|Sir Jon Shortridge||Non-Executive Director||1 February 2010||30 October 2012|
|Lord (David) Rowe-Beddoe||Deputy Chair (ONS)||1 April 2008||31 August 2012|
|Sir Michael Scholar KCB||Chair||1 April 2008||31 March 2012|
|Professor Sir Roger Jowell CBE||Deputy Chair (Statistics System)||11 November 2008||26 December 2011|
|Professor Stephen Nickell CBE FBA||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2008||31 October 2010|
|Sir Alan Langlands FRSE||Non-Executive Director||1 April 2008||12 April 2009|
- ^ "Contact Us". UK Statistics Authority. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- ^ a b UK Statistics Authority. (2018). UK Statistics Authority Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18. London. ISBN 9781528605892. OCLC 1053733779.
- ^ "Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 2007 c. 18
- ^ "Timeline". www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- ^ "The Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 (Commencement No. 2 and Transitional Provision) Order 2008", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1948/839
- ^ "What we do - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- ^ "About the Code". Code of Practice for Statistics. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
- ^ "What we do". UK Statistics Authority. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
- ^ Cosstick, Nick (23 November 2017). "Communicating uncertainty to recapture trust in experts - Networks of evidence and expertise for public policy". www.csap.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
- ^ Georgiou, Andreas V. (1 January 2020). "Prerelease access to official statistics is not consistent with professional ethics". Statistical Journal of the IAOS. 36 (2): 317. doi:10.3233/SJI-200620. ISSN 1874-7655. S2CID 219144205. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
prerelease access by the government was significantly curtailed in the UK in 2017
- ^ "Centre for Applied Data Ethics". UK Statistics Authority. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
- ^ "Robert Chote appointed as chair of UKSA". Cabinet Office.
- ^ a b "UK Statistics Authority: board appointments". GOV.UK. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- ^ "Appointment of Professor Sir John Aston to the UK Statistics Authority Board". UK Statistics Authority.
- ^ "The Board".
- ^ a b "The Board".