|Directed by||Ben Stiller|
|Edited by||Greg Hayden|
|Music by||Theodore Shapiro|
|Box office||$195.7 million|
Tropic Thunder is a 2008 satirical action comedy film directed by Ben Stiller, who wrote the screenplay with Justin Theroux and Etan Cohen. The film stars Stiller, Jack Black, Robert Downey Jr., Jay Baruchel, and Brandon T. Jackson as a group of prima donna actors making a Vietnam War film. When their frustrated director (Steve Coogan) drops them in the middle of a jungle and dies in an accident, they are forced to rely on their acting skills to survive the real action and danger. Tropic Thunder parodies many prestigious war films (specifically those based on the Vietnam War), the modern Hollywood studio system, and method acting. The ensemble cast includes Nick Nolte, Danny McBride, Matthew McConaughey, Bill Hader, and Tom Cruise.
Stiller developed Tropic Thunder's premise during the production of Empire of the Sun in the spring of 1987, and later enlisted Theroux and Cohen to complete a script. The film was green-lit in 2006 and produced by Stuart Cornfeld, Stiller, and Eric McLeod for Red Hour Productions and DreamWorks Pictures as an international coproduction between the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Filming took place in 2007 on the Hawaiian island of Kaua'i over thirteen weeks and was the largest film production in the island's history. The extensive marketing campaign included faux websites for three of the main characters and their fictional films, a fictional television special, and selling the energy drink advertised in the film, "Booty Sweat".
Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks released Tropic Thunder in the United States on August 13, 2008. It received generally positive reviews for its characters, story, faux trailers, and cast performances, with Downey Jr. being the most positively praised for his performance. However, the depiction of disabled people and the use of brownface makeup attracted controversy. The film opened at the top of the American box office and retained the number-one position for three consecutive weeks, ultimately grossing more than $195 million worldwide before its release on home media on November 18, 2008. Downey was nominated for an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, and a Screen Actors Guild Award, while both he and Cruise received nominations for a Golden Globe Award.
Hook-handed Vietnam veteran Staff Sergeant John "Four Leaf" Tayback's memoir Tropic Thunder is being made into a film. Except for newcomer supporting actor Kevin Sandusky, the cast—has-been action hero Tugg Speedman, overbearing five-time Academy Award-winning Australian method actor Kirk Lazarus, closeted homosexual rapper Alpa Chino, and drug-addicted comedian Jeff Portnoy—all cause problems for the inexperienced director Damien Cockburn, who cannot control them, resulting in a million-dollar pyrotechnics scene being wasted. With the project months behind schedule, studio executive Les Grossman gives Damien an ultimatum: get the cast under control, or the project will be canceled.
On Four Leaf's advice, Damien drops the actors into the middle of the jungle, with hidden cameras and rigged special effects explosions to film "guerrilla-style." The actors have guns that fire blanks, along with a map and scene listing that will lead to a helicopter waiting at the end of the route. Unknown to the actors and production, the group has been dropped in the middle of the Golden Triangle, the home of the heroin-producing Flaming Dragon gang. Just as the group is about to set off, Damien inadvertently steps on an old land mine and is blown up, stunning the actors. Tugg, believing Damien faked his death to encourage the cast to give better performances, assures the others that Damien is alive and that they are still shooting the film. Kirk is unconvinced but joins them in their trek to escape the jungle.
When Four Leaf and pyrotechnics operator Cody Underwood try to locate the deceased director, they are captured by Flaming Dragon. Four Leaf is revealed to have hands; he confesses to Underwood that he actually served in the Coast Guard, has never left the United States, and that he wrote his "memoir" as a tribute. As the actors continue through the jungle, Kirk, who has become convinced that Tugg's ineptitude is jeopardizing them, and Kevin, the only actor who bothered to properly prepare for his role, discover that Tugg is leading them in the wrong direction. The resulting argument results in Kirk leading the rest of the cast back toward the resort they are staying at as an increasingly delirious Tugg is captured by Flaming Dragon. Taken to their base, Tugg believes it is a POW camp from the script. The gang discovers he is the star of their favorite film, the box-office bomb Simple Jack, and forces him to reenact it several times a day, leading him to become brainwashed.
Meanwhile, in Los Angeles, Tugg's agent, Rick "Pecker" Peck, confronts Les over an unfulfilled term in Tugg's contract that entitles him to a TiVo. Flaming Dragon calls during the discussion and demands a ransom for Tugg, but Les instead delivers a profanity-laden death threat. Les is uninterested in rescuing Tugg and is instead delighted at the prospect of a large insurance payout if Tugg dies. He attempts to convince Pecker to play along by promising a Gulfstream V jet and "lots of money."
Kirk, Alpa, Jeff, and Kevin discover Flaming Dragon's heroin factory. After witnessing Tugg being tortured, they plan a rescue attempt based on the film's script. Kirk impersonates a farmer towing a "captured" Jeff on the back of a water buffalo, distracting the armed guards so Alpa and Kevin can infiltrate and find the prisoners. Still, a combination of broken Mandarin Chinese and inconsistencies in his story sets off the gang's boss, the 12-year-old Tran. Knowing their cover has been blown, the actors begin firing, fooling the gang members into surrendering. Their control of the gang falls apart when Jeff grabs Tran and heads for the drugs, and the gang, realizing the guns fire blanks, recover their guns and fight back.
The four actors locate Four Leaf, Underwood, and Tugg and cross a bridge rigged to explode to get to Underwood's helicopter. Tugg initially remains behind, believing Flaming Dragon to be his "family," but runs back screaming, chased by an angry horde. Four Leaf destroys the bridge, rescuing Tugg, but as the helicopter takes off, Tran fires an RPG at the helicopter. Rick unexpectedly stumbles out of the jungle and saves them by throwing a TiVo box into the rocket's path. The crew return to Hollywood, and footage from the hidden cameras is compiled into the feature film Tropic Blunder, which becomes a major critical and commercial success. The film wins Tugg his first Academy Award, which Kirk presents to him at the ceremony.
- Ben Stiller as Tugg Speedman as Four Leaf Tayback: Once the highest-paid, highest-grossing action film star ever due to his Scorcher franchise, his career has stalled, and he now has a reputation for appearing in nothing but box office bombs. After drawing negative coverage for his portrayal in Simple Jack, in which he plays a mentally challenged farm boy who can talk to animals, he takes the role of Four Leaf Tayback in an attempt to save his career. Tugg's faux trailer at the film's start is a preview for Scorcher VI: Global Meltdown, the latest in his series and a spoof of long-running summer action blockbuster franchises.
- Jack Black as Jeff Portnoy as Fats: A drug-addicted comedian-actor well known for portraying multiple parts in films that rely on toilet humor, particularly jokes about flatulence. In the film-within-a-film, he plays a raspy-voiced soldier named Fats. He fears he is only considered an actor because of his farts and nothing else. Portnoy's faux trailer for juvenile family comedy The Fatties: Fart 2, about a family (with each member played by Portnoy) that enjoys passing gas, spoofs Eddie Murphy's portrayal of multiple characters in films such as Nutty Professor II: The Klumps.
- Robert Downey Jr. as Kirk Lazarus as Lincoln Osiris: An Australian method actor and five-time Academy Award winner, Lazarus had a controversial "pigmentation alteration" surgery to temporarily darken his skin for his portrayal of the black character, Staff Sergeant Lincoln Osiris. Lazarus refuses to break character until he has recorded the DVD commentary for a part and only speaks in his character's African American Vernacular English. Lazarus's faux trailer, Satan's Alley, is about two gay monks in a 12th-century Irish monastery, parodying films like Brokeback Mountain and Downey's own scenes with Tobey Maguire (who in a cameo portrays himself playing the other monk) in Wonder Boys. Downey said he modeled Lazarus on three actors: Russell Crowe, Daniel Day-Lewis and Colin Farrell. Lazarus was originally intended to be Irish, but Downey felt more comfortable using an Australian accent, since he had portrayed an Australian character in Natural Born Killers. Makeup effects legend Rick Baker designed and created Downey's Osiris makeup while John Blake and Greg Nelson handled the on-set application.
- Nick Nolte as Four Leaf Tayback: The author of Tropic Thunder, a fake memoir of his war experiences on which the film-within-a-film is based. He suggests the idea of dropping the actors in the middle of the jungle to get them looking and feeling like soldiers lost in a foreign land.
- Steve Coogan as Damien Cockburn: The inexperienced British film director who is unable to control the actors in the film. The character was partly inspired by Richard Stanley, and his experience of directing the 1996 film The Island of Dr. Moreau, with Val Kilmer and Marlon Brando.
- Jay Baruchel as Kevin Sandusky as Brooklyn: A novice actor, he is the only cast member to have read the script and book and attended the assigned boot camp prior to the film. Sandusky plays a young soldier named Brooklyn in the film-within-a-film. Brooklyn and Sandusky each occupy the position of straight man in character in the film-within-a-film and its cast, being the only actor without an internal conflict or deep-seated insecurity. He often serves as a mediator when tensions between the cast get high.
- Danny McBride as Cody Underwood: The film's explosives expert and helicopter pilot. He has developed a reputation for being a dangerous pyromaniac after an incident while working on Freaky Friday nearly blinded Jamie Lee Curtis.
- Brandon T. Jackson as Alpa Chino as Motown: A closeted homosexual rapper who is attempting to cross over into acting, portraying a soldier named Motown, while promoting his "Bust-A-Nut" candy bar and "Booty Sweat" energy drink. He feels his image as a rapper would not allow him to be openly gay. His name is a play on Al Pacino. Kevin Hart turned down the role because he did not want to play a gay character.
- Bill Hader as Studio Executive Rob Slolom: Grossman's assistant and right-hand man
- Brandon Soo Hoo as Tran: The 12-year-old leader of the Flaming Dragon gang. The character was compared to God's Army guerrilla leaders Johnny and Luther Htoo.
- Reggie Lee as Byong: The second-in-command of the Flaming Dragon gang.
- Trieu Tran as Tru: A dedicated mercenary and actor in the Flaming Dragon gang.
- Matthew McConaughey as Rick "The Pecker" Peck: Speedman's extremely devoted agent and best friend.
- Tom Cruise as Les Grossman: The profane, ill-tempered studio executive producing Tropic Thunder. Various commentators and Hollywood insiders believe he is loosely based on film producer Scott Rudin, famous for his volcanic temper and poor treatment of others and Harvey Weinstein.
Various actors and celebrities portray themselves, including Tobey Maguire, Tyra Banks, Maria Menounos, Martin Lawrence, The Mooney Suzuki, Jason Bateman, Lance Bass, Jennifer Love Hewitt, Alicia Silverstone, Christine Taylor, Mini Anden, Anthony Ruivivar, Yvette Nicole Brown, Rachel Avery, Sean Penn, and Jon Voight. Co-writer Justin Theroux appears in two brief roles as a UH-1 Huey gunner and the disc jockey from Zoolander (shown in a deleted scene).
... I feel the tone of the movie is its own thing. I think there are elements of satire, but I don't think it should be categorized just as that. There are elements of parody in it, but obviously I don't think it's just that. I feel like hopefully it's its own thing, which has a lot of familiar stuff that we are playing off of.
Stiller developed the premise for Tropic Thunder while shooting Empire of the Sun, in which he played a small part. Stiller wanted to make a film based on the actors he knew who, after taking part in boot camps to prepare for war film roles, became "self-important" and "self-involved" and appeared to believe they had been part of a real military unit.
Co-writer Theroux revealed that the initial script concept was to have actors go to a mock boot camp and return with posttraumatic stress disorder. The final script was developed to satirize Vietnam War films such as Apocalypse Now, Rambo, Missing in Action, Platoon, Full Metal Jacket, Hamburger Hill, and The Deer Hunter. Theroux pointed out that since viewers had an increased awareness of the inner workings of Hollywood due to celebrity websites and Hollywood news sources, the script was easier to write. Dialogue for unscripted portions of the storyboard was developed on set by the actors or was improvised.
Stiller's original plan was to cast Keanu Reeves as Tugg Speedman and himself as Rick Peck. Etan Cohen created the role of Kirk Lazarus as a way of lampooning the great lengths that some method actors go to depict a role. Downey was approached by Stiller about the part while on vacation in Hawaii. Downey said on CBS' The Early Show that his first reaction was, "This is the stupidest idea I've ever heard!" and that Stiller responded, "Yeah, I know – isn't it great?" In another interview, Downey said that he accepted the part but, having no idea where or even how to start building the character of Lazarus, eventually settled on a jive-esque speech pattern and a ragged bass voice; he then auditioned Lazarus' voice over the phone to Stiller, who approved the characterization immediately. Downey revealed that he modeled the character on actors Russell Crowe, Colin Farrell, and Daniel Day-Lewis. The initial script was written for Downey's character to be Irish, but was altered after Downey stated he could improvise better as an Australian, having previously played a similar outlandish Australian character in the film Natural Born Killers. Downey's practice of remaining in character between takes and even off the film set was also written into the script for his character to perform. Downey required between one-and-a-half and two hours of makeup application. According to Downey, "One makeup artist would start on one side of my face and a second makeup artist would start on the other side, and then they'd meet in the middle."
Downey acknowledged the potential controversy over his role: "At the end of the day, it's always about how well you commit to the character. If I didn't feel it was morally sound, or that it would be easily misinterpreted that I'm just C. Thomas Howell [in Soul Man], I would've stayed home." Co-star Brandon T. Jackson stated: "When I first read the script, I was like: What? Blackface? But when I saw him [act] he, like, became a black man ... It was just good acting. It was weird on the set because he would keep going with the character. He's a method actor." Stiller commented on Downey's portrayal of a white actor playing a black man: "When people see the movie – in the context of the film, he's playing a method actor who's gone to great lengths to play a black guy. The movie is skewering actors and how they take themselves so seriously." Stiller previewed the film before the NAACP, and several black journalists reacted positively to the character.
Cruise was initially set to cameo as Stiller's character's agent, Rick Peck. Instead, Cruise suggested adding a studio head character, and the idea was incorporated into the script. Stiller and Cruise worked together to create the new character, Les Grossman, as a middle-aged businessman. The role required that Cruise don a fatsuit, large prosthetic hands, and a bald cap. It was Cruise's idea to give the character large hands and dance to "Low". Stiller intended to keep Cruise's role a secret until the film's release. In addition, Paramount Pictures refused to release promotional pictures of Cruise's character to the media. In November 2007, images of Cruise wearing a bald headpiece and a fatsuit appeared on Inside Edition, as well as on the Internet. Cruise's attorneys threatened a lawsuit if photos showing Cruise in costume were published. They approached various sites that were hosting the image and quickly had it removed. A representative for Cruise stated: "Mr. Cruise's appearance was supposed to be a surprise for his fans worldwide. Paparazzi have ruined what should have been a fun discovery for moviegoers." The photography agency INF, who debuted the image, responded with a statement: "While these pictures were taken without breaking any criminal or civil laws, we've decided to pull them from circulation effective immediately."
Serving as a last-minute replacement, Tobey Maguire was available to be on set for only two hours to film his scenes in Satan's Alley. Downey said he was amazed Maguire would agree to do the film and felt like they were creating a "karmic pay-off" for their scenes together in the 2000 film Wonder Boys, where Downey's character has a one-night stand with Maguire's character. After Cruise vacated the role of Rick Peck, Owen Wilson was cast to play the part. Following his suicide attempt in August 2007, Wilson dropped out of the film and was replaced by Matthew McConaughey.
Although Southern California and Mexico were considered for the main unit filming, the Hawaiian island of Kaua'i (where Stiller has a home) was selected for the majority of the shooting. Kaua'i was chosen over Mexico because a tax credit for in-state spending was negotiated with the Kaua'i Film Commission. John Toll, the cinematographer, stated the island was also selected for its similarity to Vietnam, based on its dense foliage, variety of terrains, and weather. Kaua'i was first scouted as a possible location to film Tropic Thunder in 2004. Stiller spent more than 25 hours over 6 weeks exploring the island, using all-terrain vehicles, boats, and helicopters. After the film was greenlit by DreamWorks in 2006, preproduction lasted for six months, most of this time spent on scouting additional locations for filming. Filming for the Los Angeles and interior scenes occurred on sets at Universal Studios in Hollywood.
Tropic Thunder was the first major studio production on Kaua'i in five years. After filming was completed, it was deemed the largest production filmed on the island to date, and contributed more than $60 million to the local economy. Tim Ryan, the executive editor of Hawaii Film & Video Magazine, commented on the filming on the island: "I think Tropic Thunder will give Kaua'i much needed and long idled publicity in the production arena ... It should put Kaua'i back on the production consideration radar." Preliminary production crews were on the island starting in December 2006 and principal photography began in July 2007, with filming lasting thirteen weeks over seven separate locations on the island. Much of the filming took place on private land as well as conservation status designated areas. Casting calls on the island sought 500 residents to portray the villagers in the film. Two units shot simultaneously on the island from the ground, and an aerial unit shot from helicopters. Many of the sets and the bridge used for one of the final scenes were built in three months. The island's erratic weather hampered filming with rain and lighting issues. The crew also faced complications in moving the equipment and cast due to the difficult terrain.
The film advising company Warriors Inc. was enlisted to ensure the war scenes, including the attire worn by the actors, looked authentic. Former members of the U.S. military taught the actors how to handle, fire, and reload their weapons, as well as perform various tactical movements. The opening war scene was filmed over three weeks and required fifty stuntmen. Animatics were used to map out the necessary camera angles for filming.
Six companies working on different scenes and elements created 500 shots of visual effects in the film. These were at times altered weekly due to the reactions of test audiences in screenings. CIS Visual Effects Group assisted with the Scorcher VI faux trailer and twenty additional shots for the home media release. To expand on the comedy in the film, some of the explosions and crashes were embellished to look more destructive. The visual effects supervisor Michael Fink reflected on the exaggerated explosions: "We worked really hard to make the CG crashing helicopter in the hot landing sequence look real. Ben was adamant about that, but at the same time he wanted the explosion to be huge. When you see it hit the ground, it was like it was filled with gasoline! It was the same thing with Ben's sergeant character, who almost intercepts a hand grenade ... Now, I was in the Army for three years and no hand grenade would make an explosion like that ... But it was a big dramatic moment and it looks really cool ... and feels kind of real."
Filming the large napalm explosion in the opening scene of the film required a 450-foot (137-meter) row of explosive pots containing 1,100 gallons (4,165 liters) of gasoline and diesel fuel. All the palm trees used in the explosion were moved to the specific location after the crew determined the impact of the lighting and necessary camera angles. Due to the size and cost of the 1.25-second explosion, it was performed only once and was captured from twelve cameras. For the safety of the crew and cast, the detonators were added one hour before the explosion and nobody was allowed to be within 400 feet (120 m) during detonation. The explosion was made up of twelve individual explosions and resulted in a mushroom cloud that reached 350 feet (110 m) in the air. For the scene in the film, Danny McBride's character, Cody Underwood, was the only actor shown in the shot of the explosion. All the other characters were added digitally. The explosion of the bridge in one of the final scenes used nine cameras to capture the shot, and the crew was required to be 3,000 feet (910 m) away for their safety.
A trailer for the film was released in April 2008. The Calgary Herald gave it a rating of 3/5, commenting: "This could either be good or very, very bad." Gary Susman of Entertainment Weekly questioned whether the film would "... turn into precisely the kind of bloated action monstrosity that it's making fun of." The trailer received the "Best Comedy Trailer" award at the 9th annual Golden Trailer Awards. DreamWorks also released a red band trailer, the first of its kind used by the studio to promote one of its films.
Stiller, Downey, and Black appeared on the seventh-season finale of American Idol in a sketch as The Pips performing with Gladys Knight (via archival footage). The three actors also later performed a sketch at the 2008 MTV Movie Awards which featured the actors attempting to create a successful viral video to promote the film with awkward results. In September 2008, Stiller and Downey attended the San Sebastián International Film Festival to promote the film. A screening was shown, but it was not chosen to compete against the other films at the festival.
Between April 2008 and the film's commercial release in August 2008, the film had over 250 promotional screenings. On August 3, 2008, Stiller, Downey, and Black visited Camp Pendleton, a U.S. Marine Corps base in California, to present a screening to over a thousand military members and their families. The screening was on behalf of the United Service Organizations and included the actors heading to the screening by helicopter and Humvees. On August 8, 2008, a special 30-minute fictional E! True Hollywood Story aired about the making of Tropic Thunder. In video games, a themed scavenger hunt was incorporated into Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas 2, and Stiller allowed his likeness to be used in the online Facebook application game based on the film.
As a tie-in for the film's release, Paramount announced it would market the energy drink known in the film as "Booty Sweat". Michael Corcoran, Paramount's president of consumer products, commented on the release: "We're very excited, because it has the potential to live for quite a while, well beyond the film." The drink was sold in college bookstores, on Amazon.com, and at other retailers.
Faux websites and mockumentary
Several faux websites were created for the characters and some of their prior film roles. A website for Simple Jack, a faux film exhibited within the film, was removed by DreamWorks on August 4, 2008, due to protests from disability advocates. In addition, other promotional websites were created for "Make Pretty Skin Clinic", the fictitious company that performed the surgery of the film's character Kirk Lazarus, along with one for the energy drink "Booty Sweat".
In mid-July 2008, a faux trailer for the mockumentary Rain of Madness was released. The mockumentary was a parody of Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. It follows co-writer Justin Theroux as a fictitious documentarian named Jan Jürgen documenting the behind-the-scenes aspects of the film within the film. Marketing for the faux documentary included a movie poster and an official website prior to Tropic Thunder's release. The mockumentary was released on the iTunes Store after the film's release and was also included on the home video release. Amy Powell, an advertising executive with Paramount, reflected on the timing of the release of Madness: "We always thought that people would be talking about Tropic Thunder at the water cooler, and that's why we decided to release Rain of Madness two weeks into Tropic's run—to keep this positive buzz going."
Tropic Thunder held an early screening at the 2008 San Diego Comic-Con, two weeks before it officially premiered on August 11, 2008, at the Mann Village Theatre in Westwood, California and two days before its wide release. Members of several disability groups picketed before the premiere, protesting at the portrayal of intellectual disability shown in the film. The groups revealed that it was the first time that they had ever protested together at an event. As a result of the protest, the normally unobstructed views of the red carpet leading to the premiere were blocked off by 10-foot (3-m)-high fences and there was an increase in the number of security personnel present. No protests were held at the United Kingdom's September premiere.
The North American release was scheduled for July 11, 2008, but was delayed until August 15, before being brought forward to August 13. As a result of the move from July, 20th Century Fox moved its family comedy Meet Dave in the open slot. The August 13 release date was also the opening weekends for the animated family film Star Wars: The Clone Wars and the horror film Mirrors. Studios consider the third week of August to be a weaker performing period than earlier in the summer because of students returning to school. Previous R-rated comedies such as The 40-Year-Old Virgin and Superbad were released in mid-August and performed well at the box office. Reacting to Tropic Thunder's release date, Rob Moore, vice chairman of Paramount Pictures, stated, "For a young person at the end of summer, you want to have some fun and forget about going back to school. What better than a crazy comedy?"
Tropic Thunder was released in the United States on DVD and Blu-ray on November 18, 2008, three months after its release and a week after the end of its theatrical run in the U.S. and Canada. The film was released on home video on January 26, 2009, in the United Kingdom. Special features include an unrated director's cut of the film which is 12 minutes longer than the theatrical release, audio commentaries (including one featuring Stiller, Downey, and Black, with Downey providing his commentary as Lincoln Osiris, a nod to a joke in the film that Lazarus never breaks character until he completes the DVD commentary), several featurettes, deleted scenes, an alternate ending, and the Rain of Madness mockumentary.
For the film's first week of release, Tropic Thunder placed on several video charts. It reached second place on the Nielsen VideoScan First Alert sales chart and Nielsen's Blu-ray Disc chart, earning $19,064,959 (not including Blu-ray sales). In rentals, it placed first on the Home Media Magazine's video rental chart. The DVD sales in 2008 totaled $42,271,059, placing it in 28th for DVD sales for the year. By September 2009, 2,963,000 DVD units had been sold, gathering revenue of $49,870,248.
The review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 82% based on 252 reviews and an average rating of 7.1/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "With biting satire, plenty of subversive humor, and an unforgettable turn by Robert Downey Jr., Tropic Thunder is a triumphant late summer comedy." Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score from reviews by mainstream critics, gave a film score of 71 out of 100 based on 39 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
After attending an industry screening in April 2008, Michael Cieply from the New York Times stated that the film was "shaping up as one of [DreamWorks]'s best prospects for the summer." Claudia Puig of USA Today gave the film a positive review, writing "There are some wildly funny scenes, a few leaden ones and others that are scattershot, with humorous satire undercut by over-the-top grisliness. Still, when it's funny, it's really funny." A review in Variety by Todd McCarthy was critical: "Apart from startling, out-there comic turns by Robert Downey Jr. and Tom Cruise, however, the antics here are pretty thin, redundant and one-note." Glenn Kenny of RogerEbert.com would later call the film "intermittently amusing but entirely smug and hateful." Rick Groen of The Globe and Mail also gave the film a negative review, calling it "... an assault in the guise of a comedy—watching it is like getting mugged by a clown." J.R. Jones of Chicago Reader stated "The rest of the movie never lives up to the hilarity of the opening, partly because the large-scale production smothers the gags but mostly because those gags are so easy to smother." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave 3.5/4 and wrote, "The movie is, may I say, considerably better than Stiller's previous film, Zoolander (2001). It's the kind of summer comedy that rolls in, makes a lot of people laugh and rolls on to video."
The faux trailers before the film also received mixed reviews. David Ansen of Newsweek approved of the trailers, writing "Tropic Thunder is the funniest movie of the summer—so funny, in fact, that you start laughing before the film itself has begun." Christy Lemire, writing for the Associated Press, called the trailers "... the best part of the trip." Robert Wilonsky of The Village Voice was critical, saying that the trailers' comedy "... resides in the land of the obvious, easy chuckle."
Downey, Stiller, Black and Cruise were repeatedly singled out for praise by numerous critics, claiming that they "stole the show", were "... off-the-charts hilarious ...", and would bring viewers "... the fondest memories of [their] work." Scott Feinberg, of the Los Angeles Times, criticized the concept of Downey's portrayal of an African-American, writing "... I just can't imagine any circumstance under which a blackface performance would be acceptable, any more than I can imagine any circumstance under which the use of the N-word would be acceptable." Sara Vilkomerson said Cruise did "... an astonishingly funny and surprising supporting performance." Logan Hill of New York argued against Cruise's cameo saying that it "... just makes him look a little lost and almost pathetic—shucking and jiving, trying to appeal to the younger moviegoers who are abandoning him."
Several critics commented on the controversy over lines in the film talking about the mentally disabled. Duane Dudek of the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel wrote that the film "... is just sophomoric enough to offend. And while it is also funny, it is without the empathy or compassion to cause us to wonder why we are laughing." Christian Toto of The Washington Times argued against the opposition, "Tropic Thunder is drawing fire from special interest groups for ... its frequent use of the word 'retard', but discerning audiences will know where the humor is targeted. And they'll be laughing too hard to take offense." Kurt Loder of MTV contrasted the opposition to the lines with Downey's character portraying an African American, "The scene in which the derisive Alpa Chino (Brandon T. Jackson) nails Lazarus' recitation of black-uplift homilies as nothing more than the lyrics to the Jeffersons theme is funny; but the one in which Lazarus quietly explains to Speedman that his Simple Jack character failed because he made the mistake of going 'full retard'—rather than softening his character with cuteness in the manner of Forrest Gump—is so on-the-nose accurate, it takes your breath away."
In January 2009, Entertainment Weekly included Tropic Thunder in its list "25 Great Comedies From the Past 25 Years" for its "spot-on skewering of Hollywood." The film also appeared on several critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2008. Stephen King placed it at the fourth position, calling the film "the funniest, most daring comedy of the year." The Oregonian's Marc Mohan, placed it sixth, and several critics placed it seventh: Elizabeth Weitzman of the New York Daily News, Premiere magazine, Mike Russell of The Oregonian, as well as Peter Hartlaub of the San Francisco Chronicle. David Ansen of Newsweek placed it eighth and Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly included the film in the tenth position.
Stacey Snider, the chief executive of DreamWorks, suggested that the film would earn around $30 million in its opening weekend and go on to be as successful as Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, which earned $129 million in the U.S. and Canada and $260 million worldwide. The Dark Knight had been the number one film at the box office for the four weeks prior to the release of Tropic Thunder. Bob Thompson, a writer for the National Post, speculated that Tropic Thunder's opening weekend would outperform The Dark Knight for the weekend. In a list compiled prior to the summer's film releases, Entertainment Weekly predicted that the film would be the tenth highest-grossing film of the summer at the American box office with $142.6 million.
Tropic Thunder opened in 3,319 theaters and, for its first five days of American and Canadian release, earned $36,845,588. The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $25,812,796, surpassing Star Wars: The Clone Wars and Mirrors, which debuted the same weekend. Reacting to the film's opening receipts, DreamWorks spokesman Chip Sullivan stated, "We're thrilled, quite frankly. It played out exactly how we hoped." In foreign markets for the film's opening weekend, it was released in 418 Russian and 19 United Arab Emirates locations earning $2.2 million and $319,000, respectively.
The film maintained its number one position at the American and Canadian box office for the following two weekends, making it the second film in 2008 (after The Dark Knight) to hold the number-one position for more than two consecutive weekends. The film's widest release was in 3,473 theaters, placing it in the top 25 widest releases in the U.S. for 2008. For 2008, the film was the fifth-highest-grossing domestic R-rated film. The film's U.S. and Canada gross of over $110 million made Tropic Thunder Stiller's most successful film as a director. The film has had gross receipts of $110,515,313 in the U.S. and Canada and $85,187,498 in international markets for a total of $195,702,811 worldwide.
"It's so funny to me that the role is a guy who is an Oscar-seeking moron. His whole motivation is Oscars ... Irony is synonymous with pretty much everything that is going on."
—Downey reacting to his Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of Kirk Lazarus.
In October 2008, Paramount chose to put end-of-year award push funds behind Tropic Thunder and began advertising for Downey to receive a nomination by the Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor. In a November 2008 issue by Entertainment Weekly, Downey's film role was considered one of the three contenders for Best Supporting Actor. As a way of extending the film-within-a-film "universe" into real life, there were at least two online "For Your Consideration" ads touting Downey's character, Kirk Lazarus, for Best Supporting Actor; one of these contains "scenes" from Satan's Alley that were not in the trailer as released in theaters. At least one of the ads was produced by Paramount Pictures and intended for early For Your Consideration awareness for Downey's role. On January 22, 2009, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences nominated Downey for Best Supporting Actor. At the 81st Academy Awards, Downey lost to Heath Ledger, who won posthumously for his role as The Joker in The Dark Knight.
With the onset of the annual Hollywood film award season at the end of 2008, Tropic Thunder began receiving nominations and awards starting with a win for "Hollywood Comedy of the Year Award" at the 12th annual Hollywood Film Festival on October 27, 2008. The film was nominated for Best Motion Picture, Comedy or Musical, for the Satellite Awards. In addition, Downey was nominated for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. The Broadcast Film Critics Association nominated Downey for Best Supporting Actor and awarded Tropic Thunder Best Comedy Movie at the BFCA's Critics' Choice Awards. Both Downey and Cruise received nominations from the Hollywood Foreign Press Association for Golden Globes for Best Supporting Actor. The Boston Society of Film Critics recognized the cast with its Best Ensemble award. Downey was also nominated by both the Screen Actors Guild and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts for Best Supporting Actor awards.
Tropic Thunder was criticized by the disability advocacy community. The website for Simple Jack was withdrawn on August 4 amid several groups' concerns over its portrayal of intellectual disability. A spokesman for DreamWorks said, "We heard their concerns, and we understand that taken out of context, the site appeared to be insensitive to people with disabilities." A coalition of more than 20 disability advocacy groups, including the Special Olympics and the Arc of the United States, objected to the film's repeated use of the word "retard". DreamWorks offered to screen the film for the groups on August 8 to determine if it still offended them. The screening was postponed to the same day of the premiere on August 11. After representatives for the groups attended the private screening and were still offended by its content, the groups picketed outside the film's premiere. Timothy Shriver, the chairman of the Special Olympics, stated, "This population struggles too much with the basics to have to struggle against Hollywood. We're sending a message that this hate speech is no longer acceptable."
Disability advocates and others who previewed the film reported that the offensive treatment of individuals with mental disabilities was woven throughout the film's plot. Disability advocates urged people not to see the film, claiming it is demeaning to individuals with mental disabilities and would encourage bullying. Stiller defended the film, stating "We screened the movie so many times and this didn't come up until very late ... in the context of the film I think it's really clear, they were making fun of the actors and actors who try to use serious subjects to win awards." Co-writer Etan Cohen echoed Stiller's rationale: "Some people have taken this as making fun of handicapped people, but we're really trying to make fun of the actors who use this material as fodder for acclaim." He went on to state that the film lampoons actors who portray intellectually disabled or autistic characters such as Dustin Hoffman in Rain Man, Tom Hanks in Forrest Gump, and Sean Penn in I Am Sam.
A DreamWorks spokesman did not directly respond to the criticism, claiming that Tropic Thunder "is an R-rated comedy that satirizes Hollywood and its excesses" and "makes its point by featuring inappropriate and over-the-top characters in ridiculous situations." The film's advertising was altered, but none of the scenes in the film were edited as a result of the opposition. In response to the controversy, the director's cut of the DVD (but not the Blu-ray) includes a public service announcement in the special features that discourages use of the word "retard".
Another aspect that drew warning before the release of the movie and criticism afterwards was Downey Jr. playing a white Australian actor who dons blackface as part of his method acting the role of an African-American man. He responded by pointing out that this was a case of donning blackface in order to point out how wrong it is. Others have pointed out that the wrongness of blackface is addressed within the movie itself by an actual African-American, and that the climax of movie pins on Downey Jr.'s shedding of his method acting; in this way, the movie mocks—rather than embraces—both blackface and the extreme and ridiculous things method actors sometimes do for their roles.
Some have alleged that the film's characterization—and the non-Jewish Tom Cruise's portrayal—of the Jewish character Les Grossman is anti-Semitic. In addition to his Jewish name, the character of Grossman also references the Jewish holiday of Purim. Critics have also referred to this performance as "Jewface" as early as 2008, calling it "vulgar" and "exploitation"; others, however, including the St. Louis Jewish Light, which referenced Tropic Thunder in particular, noted that Jewface was a "riff on the practice of blackface and is nowhere near its equivalent." Cruise was largely responsible for the final form Grossman took, including using him as an additional villain, the hairiness of the character, and the "fat hands".
In February 2023, Stiller defended Tropic Thunder on his Twitter account by stating he had "no apologies" and that he is "proud of it and the work everyone did on it." Stiller's defense was a response to a fan of the film who suggested that the former cease apologizing for making the film in light of the cancel culture which rose during the late 2010s and early 2020s.
|Tropic Thunder: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||August 5, 2008|
|Tropic Thunder: Original Motion Picture Score|
|Film score by|
|Released||August 5, 2008|
Tropic Thunder's score and soundtrack were released on August 5, 2008, the week before the film's theatrical release. The score was composed by Theodore Shapiro and performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony. William Ruhlmann of AllMusic gave the score a positive review, stating it is "...an affectionate and knowing satire of the history of Hollywood action movie music, penned by an insider." Thomas Simpson of Soundtrack.Net called it "...a mixture of fun, seriousness, rock n' roll and great scoring."
Five songs—"Cum On Feel the Noize" by Quiet Riot, "Sympathy for the Devil" by The Rolling Stones, "For What It's Worth" by Buffalo Springfield, "Low" by Flo Rida and T-Pain, and "Get Back" by Ludacris—were not present on the soundtrack despite appearing in the film. The soundtrack features songs from The Temptations, MC Hammer, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Edwin Starr, and other artists. The single "Name of the Game" by The Crystal Method, featuring Ryu, has an exclusive remix on the soundtrack. The soundtrack debuted 20th on Billboard's Top Soundtracks list and peaked at 39th on its Top Independent Albums list. James Christopher Monger of allmusic compared the music to other film's soundtracks such as Platoon, Full Metal Jacket, and Forrest Gump and called it "...a fun but slight listen that plays out like an old late-'70s K-Tel compilation with a few bonus cuts from the future."
Cruise reprised his character Les Grossman for the 2010 MTV Movie Awards. A spin-off film centering on Grossman was announced in 2010. A script has been written by Michael Bacall. In 2012, Bacall said the film will explore the origin of Grossman's anger issues. As of 2022, Cruise and frequent collaborator Christopher McQuarrie are developing the spin-off, though it is not clear whether Grossman will be the protagonist or a supporting character.
- "Tropic Thunder". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on April 2, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "TROPIC THUNDER (15)". British Board of Film Classification. July 30, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
- "Tropic Thunder (2008)". Lumiere. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Tropic Thunder (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Lee, Chris (August 10, 2008). "In 'Tropic Thunder,' Ben Stiller toughs it out with Jack Black, Downey Jr. and Cruise". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012.
- Miller, Tim (August 16, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' aimed at Hollyweird". Cape Cod Times. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011.
- Vellante, Greg (August 17, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' pushes the limits of good taste". The Eagle-Tribune. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012.
- Radish, Christina (August 13, 2008). "Robert Downey Jr in 'Tropic Thunder'". MediaBlvd Magazine. Archived from the original on February 19, 2009.
- Cormier, Roger (January 7, 2016). "18 Simple Facts About Tropic Thunder". Mental Floss.
- Krug, Kurt Anthony (August 9, 2008). "Detroit native works with Stiller, Downey Jr. in 'Tropic Thunder'". Kalamazoo Gazette. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012.
- "Ex-class clown in good company". San Antonio Express-News. August 13, 2008. Archived from the original (Fee required) on June 9, 2011.
- Wong, Curtis M. (January 16, 2015). "Kevin Hart Won't Play A Gay Role Because 'Of What People Are Going To Think'". Huffington Post.
- Durbin, Karen (August 15, 2008). "GI Jokesters". Elle. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
- Li, Shirley (April 9, 2021). "When Meanness Was Celebrated". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
...satires such as Swimming With Sharks and Tropic Thunder reportedly based their unhinged and intimidating entertainment-industry moguls on figures like Rudin.
- "Tom Cruise Wants to Star in a Movie Musical". August 8, 2022.
- "Inside Hollywood Jokes Kill Tropic Thunder". September 19, 2008.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 5:36.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 23:54.
- Portman, Jamie (August 6, 2008). "Stiller pushes boundaries with war-film farce". The Gazette. Canwest News Service. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008.
- Vary, Adam B. (March 3, 2008). "First Look: 'Tropic Thunder'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 20, 2010.
- Wynter, Kareen (August 11, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' pushes envelope and then some". CNN. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010.
- Tourtellotte, Bob (August 11, 2008). "Hollywood, an easy target for "Tropic Thunder" jokes". Reuters. Archived from the original on December 15, 2011.
- Tropic Thunder-(Before the Thunder) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 1:25.
- Sandhu, Sukhdev (September 19, 2008). "Film review: Tropic Thunder". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009.
- Mitchell, Peter (August 22, 2008). "Robert Downey Jr. talks 'Tropic Thunder'". The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012.
- Tropic Thunder-(Cast Commentary by Ben Stiller, Jack Black, and Robert Downey Jr.) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008.
- "The Lost Roles of Tropic Thunder". March 24, 2011.
- Whipp, Glenn (August 10, 2008). "War Games: It was jungle fever of a different kind for Tropic Thunder troops". Daily News of Los Angeles. Archived from the original (Fee required) on June 15, 2011.
- Saval, Malina (December 5, 2008). "Robert Downey Jr., 'Tropic Thunder'". Variety. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- "Robert Downey Jr. on 'Thunder'". CBS. August 18, 2008. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Douglas, Edward (March 17, 2008). "Ben Stiller Feels the Tropic Thunder". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on April 9, 2009.
- Itzkoff, Dave (August 10, 2008). "Spoof Within a Movie Within a Movie Within ..." The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016.
- Ordoña, Michael (August 10, 2008). "Playing war gets serious in 'Thunder'". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008.
- Tropic Thunder-(Cast of Tropic Thunder-Downey Jr.) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 11, 2008. Event occurs at 2:33.
- Svetkey, Benjamin (January 30, 2009). "Robert Downey Jr.: Tropic Thunder". Entertainment Weekly. No. 1032. p. 60.
- McGee, Tiffany (July 18, 2008). "Costar Praises Robert Downey Jr. for Race-Bending Role". People. Archived from the original on January 7, 2011.
- Horkins, Tony (March 18, 2008). "Exclusive: Stiller Talks Tropic Thunder". Empire. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012.
- "Friday Night with Jonathan Ross: Series 16: Episode 1". BBC iPlayer. January 23, 2009. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012.
- Cieply, Michael (April 3, 2008). "Tom Cruise, in Bit Role, Nips Studio's Top Gun". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2022.
- Hazlett, Courtney (November 18, 2007). "Tom Cruise's fat-suit fracas". MSNBC. Archived from the original on August 3, 2011.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (April 3, 2008). "Revealed: More Details on Tom Cruise's Cameo in Tropic Thunder". People. Archived from the original on January 8, 2011.
- Naidu, Rajeshni (November 20, 2007). "Tom Cruise fat suit photos banned". National Nine News. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009.
- Carroll, Larry (November 20, 2007). "Tom Cruise 'Tropic Thunder' Photo Spoils Surprise". MTV. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 2:45.
- "Owen Wilson comedy role is recast". BBC News. September 20, 2007. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009.
- Levy, Emanuel. "Tropic Thunder: Making of a War Movie Satire". Emanuel Levy Cinema 24/7. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008.
- Longwell, Todd (May 16, 2008). "Hawaii is enticing major filming productions". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Behind The Scenes with John Toll on Tropic Thunder". Kodak. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011.
- Tropic Thunder-(Designing the Thunder) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 1:45.
- Levine, Michael (October 7, 2009). "State film office cuts impact Kaua'i". The Garden Island. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Vines, Todd A. (May 3, 2007). "Feel the 'Tropic Thunder'". The Garden Island. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010.
- Green, Adam (August 2008). "Fool's Gold". Men's Vogue. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008.
- Fisher, Bob (August 2008). "John Toll, ASC Treks Through the Hawaiian Jungle for Tropic Thunder". ICG Magazine. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011.
- Tropic Thunder-(Designing the Thunder) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 7:07.
- Tropic Thunder-(Designing the Thunder) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 3:04.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 6:55.
- Levy, Emanuel. "Tropic Thunder: Shooting the Battle Scenes". Emanuel Levy. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008.
- Tropic Thunder-(Cast Commentary by Ben Stiller, Jack Black, and Robert Downey Jr.) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 10:20.
- Tropic Thunder-(The Hot LZ) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 2:24 and 5:18.
- Tropic Thunder-(The Hot LZ) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 4:44.
- Bennett, Tara (August 15, 2008). "Tropic Thunder: Doing Funny VFX". VFX World. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012.
- "Tropic Thunder's Visual Effects Play Up The Laughs". VFX World. August 18, 2008. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 11:54.
- Amodio, Joseph (August 10, 2008). "Explosive laughter: In the combat spoof 'Tropic Thunder,' director Ben Stiller makes sure war is hell, especially on the actors". Newsday. Archived from the original (Fee required) on January 4, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 15:45.
- Tropic Thunder-(Blowing Shit Up) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 2:39.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 12:18.
- Tropic Thunder-(Filmmaker Commentary by Ben Stiller, Justin Theroux, Stuart Cornfeld, Jeff Man, John Toll, and Greg Hayden) (Blu-ray Disc). DreamWorks. November 18, 2008. Event occurs at 15:27.
- "Trailer Treasures & Trash: A Sneak Peek at the hottest trailers". Calgary Herald. Canwest News Service. April 25, 2008. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008.
- "Trailer Blazer: 'Tropic Thunder'". Entertainment Weekly. March 19, 2008. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012.
- Kroll, Justin (May 9, 2008). "Golden Trailer Awards honor previews". Variety. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Cieply, Michael (August 2, 2008). "New Film Tests Crudity's Limits". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Rottenberg, Josh (August 15, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder': Boys Gone Wild!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010.
- Masters, Charles (September 21, 2008). "'Thunder' stars give San Sebastian a jolt". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Cieply, Michael (August 10, 2008). "Nationwide 'Thunder' Boycott in the Works". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Breznican, Anthony (August 4, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' stars take Marine base by storm". USA Today. Archived from the original on October 26, 2008.
- Radd, David (August 13, 2008). "Tropic Thunder's Perfect Storm of Cross-Promotion". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Richards, Jonathan (August 4, 2008). "Computer games move into guerrilla marketing". The Times. London. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011.
- Brodesser-Akner, Claude (June 26, 2008). "Paramount Breaks Out the Booty Sweat". Advertising Age. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Siegel, Tatiana (August 5, 2008). "DreamWorks logs off 'Simple' site". Variety. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- Susman, Gary (July 9, 2008). "Trailer Blazer: 'Tropic Thunder' mockumentary 'Rain of Madness'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012.
- Gil, Billy (August 27, 2008). "DreamWorks Offers 'Tropic Thunder' Featurette on iTunes". Home Media Magazine. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008.
- Siegel, Tatiana (August 29, 2008). "'Madness' steals 'Tropic's' thunder". Variety. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- Miska, Brad (June 19, 2008). "San Diego Comic Con 2008 Panel Preview". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved August 5, 2017.
- Puig, Claudia (August 12, 2008). "Protesters find no humor in 'Tropic Thunder'". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011.
- Siegel, Tatiana (August 11, 2008). "'Tropic' premiere brings protest". Variety. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012.
- Rohrer, Finlo (September 22, 2008). "The path from cinema to playground". BBC News. Archived from the original on July 16, 2010.
- McClintoc, Pamela (August 7, 2008). "Studios shuffle 2009 summer sked". Variety. Archived from the original on December 11, 2010.
- Friedman, Josh (May 22, 2008). "It's a matter of timing; Studios are clinging to weekends that have worked for them before". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original (Fee required) on January 4, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Heldenfels, Rich (November 16, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' rolls out extras: DVD of Ben Stiller film features commentary, mockumentary, outtakes". Ohio.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011.
- Conti, Garrett (November 11, 2008). "New DVD releases include Tropic Thunder". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009.
- Lynch, Jason (November 24, 2008). "Robert Downey Jr. Brings the Thunder". People. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- "Tropic Thunder – DVD Sales". The Numbers. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Arnold, Thomas K. (November 27, 2008). ""WALL-E" and "Thunder" top DVD charts". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020.
- "Top-Selling DVDs of 2008". The Numbers. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011.
- @KLStudioClassic (May 22, 2022). "Coming Soon on 4KUHD! New HDR Dolby Vision Master! Tropic Thunder (2008) Starring Ben Stiller, Jack Black, Robert Downey Jr., Jay Baruchel, Brandon T. Jackson, Steve Coogan, Nick Nolte, Matthew McConaughey, Danny McBride, Bill Hader & Tom Cruise – Directed by Ben Stiller" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "Tropic Thunder (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
- "Tropic Thunder Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Puig, Claudia (August 12, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' rolls with laughter". USA Today. Archived from the original on April 12, 2010.
- McCarthy, Todd (July 25, 2008). "New U.S. Release – Tropic Thunder". Variety. Archived from the original on March 11, 2010.
- Glenn Kenny (December 25, 2013). "Reviews: 'The Secret Life of Walter Mitty'". RogerEbert.com.
- Groen, Rick (August 13, 2008). "Tropic Thunder fights for laughs, but dies trying". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved November 7, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Jones, J.R. (August 29, 2008). "Tropic Thunder". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on February 11, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (August 12, 2008). "Tropic Thunder". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Ansen, David (August 2, 2008). "Days of 'Thunder'". Newsweek. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010.
- Lemire, Christy (August 13, 2008). "'Thunder' seamlessly blends comedy and action". CBS News. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010.
- Wilonsky, Robert (August 12, 2008). "Tropic Thunder: A Consummate Movie-Biz Parody". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010.
- Weitzman, Elizabeth (August 12, 2008). "Robert Downey Jr. is a must-see in Tropic Thunder". Daily News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009.
- Travers, Peter (August 21, 2008). "Tropic Thunder". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008.
- Feinberg, Scott (January 16, 2009). "Celebrating Robert Downey Jr.'s blackface at the Oscars? (The week we inaugurate Obama?)". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010.
- Vilkomerson, Sara (August 5, 2008). "Cruise Whips Out His Funny Bone". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020.
- Hill, Logan (August 8, 2008). "Tom Cruise's Tropic Thunder Cameo Is Not Actually All That Funny". New York. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011.
- Dudek, Duane (August 13, 2008). "Tropic Thunder funny but offensive". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010.
- Horn, John (August 15, 2008). "Film critics stand firm against 'Tropic Thunder' protests by advocates for the disabled". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 6, 2010.
- Loder, Kurt (August 13, 2008). "Tropic Thunder: Say What?". MTV. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012.
- "25 Great Comedies From the Past 25 Years". Entertainment Weekly. January 9, 2009. Archived from the original on April 2, 2011.
- "Metacritic: 2008 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011.
- King, Stephen (December 12, 2008). "Stephen King: 10 Best Movies of 2008". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Thompson, Bob (August 11, 2008). "Bob Thompson: Tropic Thunder should out do The Dark Knight". National Post. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- "Box Office Predictions". Entertainment Weekly. April 25, 2008. Archived from the original on February 25, 2011.
- "'Tropic Thunder' rumbles past 'Dark Knight'". Today.com. Associated Press. August 17, 2008. Archived from the original on November 9, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
- McNary, Dave (August 17, 2008). "'Mummy,' 'Knight' stay hot overseas". Variety. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
- Rich, Joshua (September 1, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder': It's a Threepeat". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 4, 2010.
- Pandey, Swati (August 25, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' holds top spot at box office". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012.
- "2008 Yearly Box Office By MPAA Rating". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- "Ben Stiller – Director". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Wloszczyna, Susan (February 3, 2009). "Downey digs Oscar adulation, but also knows it's fleeting". USA Today. Archived from the original on September 5, 2010.
- Cieply, Michael; Brooks Barnes (October 28, 2008). "Studios Are Pushing Box Office Winners as Oscar Contenders". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Karger, Dave (November 7, 2008). "The Oscar Race". Entertainment Weekly. No. 1019. p. 67. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011.
- Wieselman, Jarett (December 9, 2008). "Robert Downey's Creative Campaign". New York Post. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010.
- Serjeant, Jill (January 22, 2009). "No joke: Ledger earns posthumous Oscar nod". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009.
- Germain, David (February 23, 2009). "Ledger's Joker triumphs at Academy Awards". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on May 28, 2009.
- "Hollywood Awards Launches The Awards Season". Hollywood Film Festival. October 28, 2008. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010.
- Hammond, Pete (October 28, 2008). "Hollywood Lovefest launches season of giving". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009.
- "2008 13th Annual Satellite Awards Nominees". International Press Academy. October 28, 2008. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011.
- "The 14th Critics' Choice Awards Nominees". Broadcast Film Critics Association. January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010.
- "Hollywood Foreign Press Association 2008 Golden Globe Awards Nominations for the Year Ended December 31, 2008". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. December 11, 2008. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010.
- Verniere, James (December 15, 2008). "'Slumdog Millionaire' and 'WALL*E' win Boston critics Best Picture award". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on June 13, 2011.
- Breznican, Anthony (December 18, 2008). "Screen Actors Guild puts 'Doubt' into awards race". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009.
- King, Susan (January 16, 2009). "'Benjamin Button' and 'Slumdog' lead BAFTAs". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2009.
- Cieply, Michael (August 5, 2008). "Dreamworks to Meet With Disability Groups". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 6, 2022.
- Lewis, Hilary (August 7, 2008). "DreamWorks "Retard" Scandal Update: Disability-Rights Groups To Watch "Tropic Thunder", See If They Are Offended". The Business Insider. Archived from the original on August 19, 2011.
- Cieply, Michael (August 11, 2008). "Groups Call for Boycott of 'Tropic Thunder' Film". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010.
- Lewis, Hilary (August 11, 2008). "Disability-Rights Groups See "Tropic Thunder", Mortified By "Retard" Jokes". The Business Insider. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012.
- Zeidler, Sue (August 11, 2008). "Advocates for disabled to protest 'Tropic Thunder'". Reuters. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021.
- Lang, Derrick (August 12, 2008). "Mental disability groups protest 'Tropic Thunder'". USA Today. Archived from the original on October 4, 2008.
- McCarthy, Jerry (September 4, 2008). "Opinion: 'Tropic Thunder' movie is hurtful to many". Swampscott Reporter. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010.
- Netter, Sarah; Chris Connelly; Arash Ghadishah (August 13, 2008). "Ben Stiller: Taking Chances with "Tropic Thunder"". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 14, 2011.
- Adler, Shawn; Yasmine Richard; Josh Horowitz (August 11, 2008). "'Tropic Thunder' Director/Star Ben Stiller Says Disability Advocates' Planned Boycott Is Unwarranted". MTV. Archived from the original on June 7, 2022.
- Shriver, Maria (August 22, 2008). "The 'R-word' is no joke". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2010.
- "Was Robert Downey Jr. Doing Blackface In 'Tropic Thunder' As Bad As Jimmy Fallon?". TheThings. June 4, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- "Tropic Thunder: Why RDJ's Blackface Wasn't Controversial". ScreenRant. April 29, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- Treiman, Daniel (August 28, 2008). "To Kvell or To Kvetch: Cruise Cameo Has Critics Quibbling". The Forward. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- "The Truth About Tom Cruise's Character In 'Tropic Thunder'". TheThings. February 10, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- Matt Wood (August 25, 2017). "Tom Cruise Invented Tropic Thunder's Les Grossman, Starting With 2 Hilarious Requests". CINEMABLEND. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- Mangalindan, JP (February 24, 2023). "Ben Stiller says he makes 'no apologies' for 'Tropic Thunder,' which featured Robert Downey Jr. in blackface: 'It's always been a controversial movie'". Insider. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
- Trepany, Charles (February 24, 2023). "Ben Stiller says he makes 'no apologies' for controversial 'Tropic Thunder': 'Proud of it'". USA Today. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
- Ruhlmann, William. "Tropic Thunder (Score) Review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010.
- Simpson, Thomas (August 12, 2008). "Tropic Thunder (score)". SoundtrackNet. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011.
- "Tropic Thunder Drops The Bomb". IGN. September 7, 2009. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011.
- "Top Independent". Billboard. September 6, 2008. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
- Monger, James Christopher. "Tropic Thunder (Original Soundtrack)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010.
- "Cruise & Stiller confirm Grossman movie is on". ABC 15. World Entertainment News Network. June 10, 2010. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012.
- Semigran, Aly (April 10, 2011). "Bill Hader Confirms Les Grossman Movie Is Written And Has Some 'Really Funny Scenes'". MTV Networks. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011.
- Gilchrist, Todd (March 5, 2012). "Screenwriter Michael Bacall on the Les Grossman Movie: Combining 'Explosive Rage' With 'Emotion and Heart'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Fleming, Mike (August 8, 2022). "Tom Cruise & Christopher McQuarrie Plotting New Musical, Action Thriller & More Les Grossman While Speed Flying Through 'Mission: Impossible 8'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 9, 2022.