Tipton Female Seminary

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Program of the commencement exercises for Tipton Female Seminary on June 6, 1894
Program of the commencement exercises for Tipton Female Seminary on June 6, 1894

Tipton Female Seminary, also known as Tipton Female Academy, was a female seminary established in 1854 in Covington, Tennessee.[1][2] It closed sometimes around c. 1894.


Tipton Female Seminary was founded in 1854, and led from 1857 to 1868 by Rev. James Holmes (1801–1873).[1][3][4] James Holmes had founded Mountain Academy in 1832 in Tipton County and led it for about 15 years.[5] From 1849 until 1857, he served as president of West Tennessee College at Jackson.[6] Holmes was principal of Tipton Female Academy from 1857 to 1868.[7] On April 23, 1861, the "Southern Confederates" group met at the school, for an organizational meeting.[5]

In 1868, James Holmes was succeeded by his son, George Duffield Holmes (1831–1894).[1][7][8] In 1891, the school presented awards during commencement for scholarship, music, dictation, penmanship, and punctuality.[9][10]

The school catalogue for 1888–1889 is held by the University of Memphis,[1] and the June 6, 1894 school commencement program is extant.[11]



  1. ^ a b c d "Catalogue of the Teachers and Pupils of Tipton Female Seminary, Covington, Tennessee, 1888-1889". United States and Beyond. May 12, 2021.
  2. ^ Interior, United States Dept of the (November 24, 1875). "Annual Report". The Department – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Five Cash Awards at Blind School". Nashville Banner. 1933-05-31. p. 10. Retrieved 2023-01-17.
  4. ^ Annual Report of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction for Tennessee for the Scholastic Year Ending ... Tennessee Dept of Public Instruction. Department of Public Instruction. 1906. pp. 29–30.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ a b Fleming, James R. (2006-01-31). The Confederate Ninth Tennessee Infantry. Pelican Publishing. p. 301. ISBN 978-1-4556-0283-4.
  6. ^ "Mr. James Holmes". Tribune and Sun. 1881-05-27. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-17.
  7. ^ a b Speer, William S. (April 24, 2010). Sketches of Prominent Tennesseans: Containing Biographies and Records of Many of the Families who Have Attained Prominence in Tennessee. Genealogical Publishing Com. ISBN 9780806317151 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ History of Tennessee from the Earliest Time to the Present: Together with an Historical and a Biographical Sketch of Lauderdale, Tipton, Haywood and Crockett Counties, Besides a Valuable Fund of Notes, Original Observations, Reminiscences, Etc., Etc. Southern Historical Press, Goodspeed Publishing Co. November 24, 1887. p. 900. ISBN 9780893080990 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "Clipped From The Memphis Appeal-Avalanche". The Memphis Appeal-Avalanche. June 5, 1891. p. 1 – via newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "A Tennessean's Luck". Public Ledger. 1881-05-19. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-01-17.
  11. ^ "Tipton Female Seminary, Covington, Tennessee, commencement program, 1894". Documents. March 13, 2022.
  12. ^ Stringer, Bella Katz (October 8, 2017). "Calhoun, Frances Boyd". Tennessee Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2023-05-02.