Thunder Bay Public Library

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Thunder Bay Public Library
Thunder Bay Public Library Logo.png
LocationThunder Bay, Ontario
Items collectedbusiness directories, phone books, maps, government publications, books, periodicals, genealogy, local history,
Access and use
Circulation941,526 (2006)[1]
Population served110,000
Other information
Budget$4,818,704 (2005)[2]
DirectorJohn Pateman
Staff55 full time
67 part time
Brodie Street Library

The Thunder Bay Public Library serves the citizens of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada and surrounding areas.


  • Information and reference services
  • Access to full text databases
  • Community information
  • Internet access
  • Reader's advisory services
  • Programs for children, youth and adults
  • Delivery to homebound individuals
  • Interlibrary loan
  • Free downloadable audiobooks


The library got its start when the Port Arthur Library opened a Mechanics' Institute in the schoolhouse in 1876. Membership fees were $20.00 for life or $2.00 per year. The present building at 285 Red River Road opened on June 1, 1951 as the Port Arthur Public Library.

Library services for Fort William began in 1885 when Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) employees opened a bath, along with a smoking and literary room, with a library attached in the Round House at West Fort William. Fees were $1.25 per year for CPR employees; non-employees were required to pay $1.25 for use of the tub.

With the assistance of a $50,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation, the Fort William Library moved to its new location at 216 South Brodie Street in 1912, with Mary J. L. Black as the librarian (who served from 1909 to 1937). The Fort William Library saw its first major change when an addition was added to the south side of the building in 1955, increasing the floor area from 14,000 square feet (1,300 m2) to 23,150 square feet (2,151 m2). In 1966 the front entrance was rebuilt. The Brodie Resource Library celebrated its centennial on April 29, 2012.

The present Thunder Bay Public Library officially came into being in 1970, after the amalgamation of the Port Arthur and Fort William branches. The inaugural meeting of the Library Board was held in January, 1970; the Chairman opened the meeting by outlining the problems facing the Board in integrating the operations of the two branches. It was also deemed essential that a logo should be created for use on stationary, posters, signs and cards. A contest was held requesting designs from the public, and in March 1971 the first prize design was adopted, showing a Native Canadian reading a book. The logo was revised in March 1992 by Barry Smith to reflect a more modern outlook. There was a new logo launched in May 2010, which was developed in consultation with Generator Strategy Advertising with input from the community.


The Thunder Bay Public Library purchased a bookmobile in 1976 in order to provide decentralized library service to the amalgamated city's suburbs and rural areas.[3] The bookmobile began its service in November 1976. Within its first year, it doubled its number of stops; by the fall of 1977 its schedule included eighteen different stops. Due to budget cutbacks, the bookmobile service was stopped in 1986.[4] The library sold the bookmobile in 1986.[5]


Former branches[edit]

The Thunder Bay Public Library opened a branch in Victoriaville Mall in 1981. The Victoriaville Branch Library housed the fiction collection from the Brodie Resource Library. A 1977 study determined that a larger library was needed in Thunder Bay South, but because Brodie was found to be a historic building, they decided to split its collection with a satellite branch; Brodie became the south end reference and resource branch.[6] Victoriaville Branch Library remained open until May 14, 1995, the year the library opened a branch in the County Fair Mall; at that time, the fiction collection that was housed in Victoriaville was reintegrated into the Brodie Resource Library.[7] A farewell tea for the branch was held on Friday, May 12.[7]

Brodie Research Library[edit]

The Brodie Resource Library began as the Fort William Public Library, which opened on April 29, 1912.[8] Renovations to the Brodie Resource Library for fiction reintegration began on April 10, 1995. A new Children's Department and adult fiction area were created during that time. The new areas opened to the public in June 1995.[7] On February 27, 1982, the city's Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee (LACAC) designated the Brodie Street Library as a historically significant building. The Brodie Resource Library has since been renamed the Brodie Community Hub to keep with the Thunder Bay Public Library's move towards a community hub system of librarianship.[9]

County Park Community Hub[edit]

On December 9, 1995, the County Park Branch Library, located in County Fair Mall, opened its doors after much public interest from local area residents[10] (the need for a library in this area of the city was identified in facility studies conducted in 1977 and 1987[11]). The population shift to this area of the city and the outlying region meant the library had to rethink service points and access for the citizens; subsequently, this location has remained very busy since its inception.

Mary J. L. Black Community Hub[edit]

The original Mary J. L. Black branch was created as part of the Fort William Public Library (now amalgamated as part of the Thunder Bay Public Libraries) in the Westfort district of Fort William. The branch opened on January 15, 1932.[12] The Mary J. L. Black branch is named after the first librarian of the Fort William Public Library, Mary J. L. Black.[13] The new Mary J. L. Black Community Hub has been located at 901 Edward St South in southern Thunder Bay since its opening in 2011.[14]

Waverley Community Hub[edit]

The Waverley Community Hub, located at 285 Red River Road, was constructed in 1951 and expanded in 1973. In 2017, the Thunder Bay Public Libraries began the Waverley Renewal Project, seeking over five million dollars for renovations to the Waverley Branch with plans to begin renovating in 2019.[15]


After the designation of the Brodie Street Library as a historically significant building, work focused on the automation project, which was installed in 1986. The GEAC online circulation system was launched in June 1986,[16] and in 1994, the library upgraded its automation system to the GEAC Advance system.[17] The GEAC system was replaced in 2005 with Innovative Interfaces Inc.'s Millennium Library system.[18] Millennium Library system was replaced in the fall of 2016 with Innovative Interfaces Inc.' Sierra Integrated Library System.[19]

In 1995, the Thunder Bay Public Library launched the first phase of their self-service options with a self-check unit.[10] At Waverley, the unit had 17, 121 people use it in 1995, signing out more than 45,000 items.[10] 1995 also saw the library's acquisition of the first multimedia CD ROM encyclopedias, internet access for staff (established through a sponsorship from Foxnet), and the launch of an online version of the Thunder Bay Index (established through the sponsorship of The Chronicle-Journal).[10]

The Thunder Bay Public Library launched Encore as its new online catalogue in the spring of 2018.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library - Monthly Use Statistics
  2. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library - Annual Report 2005
  3. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Annual Report - 1977
  4. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Annual Report - 1986
  5. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Board Agenda for the Regular Board Meeting to be Held on Thursday, November 20, 1986
  6. ^ Ken Sitter, The Chronicle Journal, "New City Library of Modern Design", Wednesday February 27, 1980
  7. ^ a b c Thunder Bay Public Library News and Views Vol 11, April–June 1995
  8. ^ "Fort William Public Library". Thunder Bay Public Libraries. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  9. ^ Linton, Brent (October 3, 2016). "Social worker added to library's services". Chronicle Journal. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d Thunder Bay Public Library Annual Report - 1995
  11. ^ Thunder Bay Post, "County Park library fundraiser," March 9, 1993
  12. ^ Bruce, Lorne (2010). Places to Grow: Public Libraries and Communities in Ontario, 1930-2000. University of Waterloo. pp. 39–40. ISBN 978-0-9866666-0-5. Retrieved May 31, 2020 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ "Improving lives: the history of the Thunder Bay Public Library". CBC News. March 4, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  14. ^ Labine, Jeff (May 9, 2011). "New Mary J L Black library opens". Thunder Bay News Watch. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  15. ^ "Waverley library renewal project aims for 2019 start". CBC News. June 29, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  16. ^ Blefer, Martin, Lakehead Living, "New system at library", June 10, 1986
  17. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Minutes of the Regular Board Meeting, Thursday January 19, 1995
  18. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Minutes of the Regular Board Meeting, Thursday September 22, 2005
  19. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Minutes of the Regular Board Meeting, Thursday November 10, 2016
  20. ^ Thunder Bay Public Library Minutes of the Regular Board Meeting, Thursday May 10, 2018

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°22′54″N 89°14′47″W / 48.38165°N 89.24633°W / 48.38165; -89.24633