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Former good articleApollo was one of the Philosophy and religion good articles, but it has been removed from the list. There are suggestions below for improving the article to meet the good article criteria. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated. Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake.
Article milestones
October 30, 2005Good article nomineeListed
April 5, 2007Peer reviewReviewed
December 6, 2007Good article reassessmentDelisted
Current status: Delisted good article

Minor error / lack of citiation[edit]

The page states "Apollo is usually described as carrying a golden bow and a quiver of silver arrows." This is actually wrong in a couple ways: in modern times, Apollo is typically depicted with both a golden bow and golden arrows, as the current association with Apollo and the Sun has led to Apollo accordingly being linked to the color gold (and Artemis, in turn, with silver.) In antiquity, however, Apollo was more commonly depicted as having a silver bow and silver arrows. For example, consider the Iliad, which is one of our better primary sources on ancient Greek mythology [1].

If the page is going to contradict the Iliad's description, then it should have 1) a good citation for the golden bow (currently there is no citation) and a note that descriptions vary, since the Iliad is an exceptionally prominent work. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:55, 10 June 2022 (UTC)[reply]


I've fudged the sentence in the lead to refer to "a silver or golden bow and a quiver of silver or golden arrows", since a golden bow and golden arrows are referenced in the "Python" subsection. (Refs are usually omitted in the lead for statements referenced elsewhere in an article.) Better now? Deor (talk) 18:18, 10 June 2022 (UTC)[reply]
I defer to you / other experienced editors. Just wanted to make sure you were armed with the information. (talk) 19:20, 10 June 2022 (UTC)[reply]

Semi-protected edit request on 1 March 2023[edit]

Request to add this citation to the line "Apollo is considered to be the most Greek of all the gods"

Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (Invalid Date). Apollo. Encyclopedia Britannica. Viovanhelisng (talk) 15:33, 1 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]

 Not done: The source doesn't support the statement. M.Bitton (talk) 21:17, 1 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]
Doesn't it? "Though Apollo was the most Hellenic of all gods, he derived mostly from a type of god that originated in Anatolia..."
While the statement in the article could use some rephrasing, it is supported by the source provided in the edit request, as well as these two: [1], [2]. I think the statement should be added back into the article. Edward-Woodrow (talk) 21:26, 1 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]
My apologies to Viovanhelisng (I have no idea how I missed that part, though I have a feeling that I searched for the word Greek). @Edward-Woodrow: feel free to restore and reword as you see fit. M.Bitton (talk) 21:39, 1 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Semi-protected edit request on 2 March 2023[edit]

Currently the Linear B forms are shown as so: ]pe-rjo-[ and ]𐀟𐁊-[

What are those brackets for? This is distracting. No other article I can find with Linear A/B forms have these backwards brackets, unless its supposed to represent the lacunose form, then someone made this up and it still just distracting since its mentioned right before that the source is that. (talk) 15:05, 2 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]

 Not done: It is not clear what you want changed. Please make a request in the form "please change X to Y". DDMS123 (talk) 18:11, 3 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Semi-protected edit request on 14 March 2023[edit]

Under "Greco-Roman epithets"...

  • Under "Other", remove the redundant instance of Patroos; also remove the now-empty "Other" as a category;
  • Under "Place of worship", add 'or from σμίνθος, "mouse", the mouse as bringer of plague and crop destruction' to Smintheus[1][2]. Observation: "Healing and disease" and "Prophecy and truth" are equally valid locations for Smintheus. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Mfryc (talkcontribs) 02:00, 15 March 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Colonisation and constitutions[edit]

Currently our lead has

On the other hand, Apollo also encouraged the founding of new towns and the establishment of civil constitutions. He is associated with dominion over colonists. He was the giver of laws, and his oracles were consulted before setting laws in a city.

The three sentences seem to be saying the same thing in different ways, at greater length than the body text they should be summarising:

As god of colonization, Apollo gave oracular guidance on colonies, especially during the height of colonization, 750–550 BCE.

No references are given for the body text either, so before copy-editing the lead, can I check? I do remember accounts of the oracle at Delphi being consulted before colonisation (eg Cyrene, Taras) but have no idea whether that was because Apollo was specifically a/the god of colonisation or constitutions, or simply one of the many things on which Greeks often sought an oracle before proceeding. Can we provide sources for either claim? NebY (talk) 14:25, 9 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Hi NebY, added a journal source for his patronage of colonies C0137Hatt (talk) 01:19, 18 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]
Hi NebY... not exhaustive by any means and of somewhat "left-handed" intent (undermining the assumptions behind the terminology), but several sources I used for Greek city-state patron gods#Foundation deities deal with this, or at least with questions arising. Those used in the second paragraph of "Foundation deities" are relevant, Detienne in particular. Haploidavey (talk) 08:58, 18 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]
Thanks, both. The source C0137Hatt's added has "The fiction was maintained that Apollo had initiated the act of colonization and was himself the expedition's divine leader (archegetes)," which seems to cover our "encouraged" and even "dominion over", though as so many colonies had other patron deities, our "dominion" unqualified seems too strong. Likewise Detienne has Apollo and Hestia as "directly involved in the planning of a new city", Apollo being "known as a founder", "liked to accompany human founders", "patron of the art of city planning", but Hestia presiding over the new prytaneion. I may be skimming too fast; I'm not seeing direct support for the setting of laws. I assume we're talking about the first laws of a colony rather than all subsequent legislation everywhere, but unfortunately the latter is the obvious reading. I guess both need some copy-editing, resulting in a lead that summarises the body. NebY (talk) 23:38, 19 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]

My issues with the belvedere as the main image[edit]

I have a couple problems with the belvedere as the main image and as a statue itself, first of all, it looks weird, i mean, what is he reaching his hand out to? Second of all, something is kinda off about the face. Third of all, I think that a less famous statue should get more recognition. Fourth of all, the description is too vague. Ghost Cacus (talk) 17:48, 12 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]

To find the answer to your first question, see Apollo Belvedere#Description. He's not "reaching his hand out to" anything; he's holding a bow in his outstretched arm. You can see the bow's grip in his hand. (In this photo, you can't see the quiver of arrows at his back, but there is one.) The bow's limbs, perhaps made of wood, may have originally been in the sculpture but clearly haven't survived. Deor (talk) 18:37, 12 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]
Much art has not survived complete; that doesn't make it "weird". "Kinda off" isn't a substantial argument, your third runs contrary to MOS:LEADIMAGE, and the caption length only affects our choice of lead image in that an image that required a lengthy caption could frustrate the purpose of an infobox. NebY (talk) 18:42, 12 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]

An Anatolian God as "The National Divinity of the Greeks"[edit]

Citation needed. Raskolnikov7 (talk) 12:07, 22 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Take your pick. Hardly odder than a Palestinian being "The National Divinity of the Russians" and others. Johnbod (talk) 13:22, 22 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]
Our description of his origins could bear improvement, but see Burkert, Greek Religion, p 144 "It seemed for a time to be firmly established that Apollo was an Asia Minor, or more specifically, a Lycian god" and the following exploration of abandoned derivations and multiple components in the prehistory.
Still, as the "take your pick" search above indicates, once we appreciate that it isn't a search for the exact phrase or its association with Apollo, description of him as "national divinity" hardly extends beyond Smith, and that mention in our lead isn't a summary of our article body. What we do have in the body, well sourced, is the "most Greek" or "most Hellenic" of the gods; Burkert uses "most Greek" so I've changed the lead mention to that - some of our readers might appreciate "Hellenic" but many might be confused. NebY (talk) 17:33, 22 June 2023 (UTC)[reply]

The most Greek of the gods?[edit]

Are you even trying to be encyclopedic? 2600:4040:53F8:7100:489E:4446:4ECC:ECB (talk) 00:48, 11 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]

See the thread immediately above. Deor (talk) 00:52, 11 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]


Proposed deletion of Aplu (deity)[edit]

such a god doesn't seem to have ever existed an any actual sources. A Hurrian deity named Aplu is not mentioned in the following credible sources about Hurrian religion: G. Wilhelm, The Hurrians; P. Taracha, Religions of 2nd Millennium Anatolia; A. Archi, West Hurrian Pantheon and its Background; Reallexikon der Assyriologie; Václav Blažek proposes a Hurrian origin of the name (from a word for arrow) without mentioning the purported god "Aplu" and places the Akkadian "aplu" among outdated 19th century theories (with no mention of Nergal made), and R. Beekes in his article doesn't bring the purported "Hurrian" Aplu at all while dicussing the possibility of Apollo's Anatolian origin and only mentions Aplu as Etruscan form developed -from- Apollo.

This is a mesage from my talk page by P Aculeius (talk) 17:02, 18 June 2021 (UTC). I believe that Aculeius is right, and any reference to the Hurrian "Aplu" must be deleted. Jestmoon(talk) 14:40, 31 July 2023 (UTC)[reply]

I have since removed the passage about "Aplu" from the Origins section of the article. The whole assertion of a Hurrian/Hittite deity named "Aplu" in relation to Apollo appears to be a simple & blatant a case of WP:OR. (The information can seemingly be pinned down to a particular user dating back to 2006, who seems likely to have been the performer of the original research.) — Jamie Eilat (talk) 19:56, 15 February 2024 (UTC)[reply]

Seated Apollo picture is not Apollo[edit]

Apollo seated with lyre. Porphyry and marble, 2nd century AD. Farnese collection, Naples, Italy.

"Apollo seated with lyre. Porphyry and marble, 2nd century AD. Farnese collection, Naples, Italy." This statue is not of Apollo at all, it is clearly a female seated with a lyre. The statue is wearing a dress, visible empire waist and breasts. Remove the image from the Apollo wiki please - Apollo (talk) 15:05, 4 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]

Apparently it is the "diocese of Rome" restored as Apollo. Not sure - the pics here need a bit of a going over generally, I'd say. Johnbod (talk) 15:22, 4 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]
But MOS:IMAGES says (in summary) that images are to illustrate, not to decorate. Some latitude to give an overall impression of the topic but this one is so 'odd' that an explanation would be essential. The image was the second provided to illustrate the section Apollo#Etymology: I see nothing in the text of that section for which it is remotely relevant. I will remove it for now and repost it here on the off-chance that someone can make a convincing case to reinstate it (which will mean writing the accompanying text that it illustrates).
The work is in the National Archaeological Museum Naples (Farinese Collection), which provides a full description. This partly confirms Johnbod's recollection:

La statua è nota sin dal XVI secolo, menzionata come personificazione di “Roma trionfante” dall’Albertini (1510) e dal Fichard (1815), e riprodotta in una veduta del cortile di casa Sassi da Marten Van Heemskerck. [transl. The statue has been known since the 16th century, mentioned as the personification of “Rome triumphant" by Albertini (1510) and Fichard (1815), and reproduced in a view of the courtyard of the Sassi house by Marten Van Heemskerck.]

and goes on to say

L’intervento di restauro dell’Albacini traduce correttamente il generico schema del dio seduto su di una roccia, intento a suonare la sua cetra. Alcuni lineamenti morbidi della scultura e una possibile cattiva condizione della testa, che ne comprometteva una corretta lettura, giustificano un’iniziale identificazione della figura, vestita anche di un lungo chitone e himation, con una divinità femminile: Vesta, all’epoca dell’acquisto, e poi personificazione di Roma trionfante, in ottemperanza ai programmi celebrativi della città nel ‘500. Lo stesso Winckelmann la definisce una generica “statua femminile”. Ma l’aggiunta della cetra, del plettro e soprattutto la lavorazione della testa, di ispirazione classica, con la tipica pettinatura a nodo riconosciuta ad Apollo, l’Albacini restituisce l’esatta interpretazione della scultura con il dio Musagete. [transl. Albacini's restoration work correctly translates the generic scheme of the god sitting on a rock, intent on playing his lyre. Some soft features of the sculpture and a possible bad condition of the head, which compromised one correct reading, justify an initial identification of the figure, also dressed in a long chiton and himation, with a female divinity: Vesta, at the time of purchase, and then personification of triumphant Rome, in compliance with the celebratory programs of city in the 16th century. Winckelmann himself defines it as a generic "female statue". But the addition of the lyre, the plectrum and above all the workmanship of the head, of inspiration classic, with the typical knot hairstyle recognized by Apollo, Albacini returns the exact interpretation of the sculpture with the god Musagete.

So it may be that the work has been "restored" beyond recognition? Either way, it is really not at all obvious that it is WP:DUE in this article and thus should not remain. --𝕁𝕄𝔽 (talk) 17:56, 4 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]
I was going from the Spanish on the image file (the fullest): "Estatua de la diosa Roma, restaurada como Apolo citaredo. Pórfido rojo y mármol blanco. Obra romana de la segunda mitad del siglo II d.C. Colección Farnesio, Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Nápoles". Presumably, as with so many Roman sculptures, the head and body were not originally together, which the Italian doesn't quite get round to saying. I should have a chance to see it in a few weeks. My Spanish is home made, but at least I have been able to improve the redirect for diosa. Johnbod (talk) 20:48, 4 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]
Yes, that was my surmise too, but the text is circumspect:

Nei disegni di M. Van Heemskerck la statua è riprodotta munita di testa ma priva delle mani e dei piedi; poi tutti gli altri testimoni del ‘500 raccontano e descrivono una scultura completa di tutte le integrazioni in bronzo. Si ipotizza, quindi, che almeno la testa fosse originale, o comunque antica, mentre gli arti furono opera di Guglielmo Della Porta, scultore e consulente d’arte della famiglia Farnese e autore dei restauri di tutte le opere poste al piano nobile del Palazzo, dove si trovava anche l’Apollo in porfido. Alcuni studiosi, in alternativa, propongono una diversa lettura: la testa, già visibile quando l’opera era collocata nel cortile di Casa Sassi, è sicuramente antica, ma non pertinente. Poi, alla fine del XVIII secolo, ormai rovinata, e secondo illustri giudizi riconosciuta non originale e di bassa qualità (J. J. Winckelmann), si decise per la rimozione e sostituzione con una in marmo bianco.
transl. In the drawings of M. Van Heemskerck the statue is reproduced with a head but without hands and feet; Then all the other witnesses of the 16th century tell and describe a complete sculpture of all the bronze additions. It is therefore assumed that at least the head was original, or however ancient, while the limbs were the work of Guglielmo Della Porta, sculptor and art consultant to the Farnese family and author of the restorations of all the works on display on the main floor of the Palace, where the porphyry Apollo was also located. Some scholars, alternatively, propose a different reading: the head, already visible when the work was located in the courtyard of Casa Sassi, it is certainly ancient, but not relevant. Then, at the end of the 18th century, already ruined, and according to illustrious judgements, recognised [as] not original and of low quality (J. J. Winckelmann), it was decided to remove it and replace it with one in white marble.

I'm with the illustrious judges . 𝕁𝕄𝔽 (talk) 00:06, 5 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]
Apollo appears in the myths and Greek paintings as both an effeminate youth and a cross-dresser, so I would argue that the femininity of this statue must not be a reason to not identify the statue with Apollo, as even the National Archaeological Museum of Naples also identifies this as Apollo Destroyed. Though, I agree it is not very relevant to be in Adiga77 (talk) 15:43, 13 March 2024 (UTC)[reply]