Tafsir Ayyashi

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Tafsir Ayyashi is an Imami Shia exegesis of the Quran, written by Mohammad ibn Masoud Ayyashi also known as al-ʿAyyashi (الـعـيـّاشـي d. 320 AH / 932 CE).

The surviving text covers only up to the end of sura 18, 'The Cave'; more material is quoted by later Imami scholars,[1] for instance Tabrisi.[2] As of the 18th century, al-Majlisi and Al-Hurr al-Aamili were not aware of the complete text of Ayyashi's work.

Similar to Tafsir Furat Kufi and Tafsir Qomi, this work is a collection of commentaries upon selected verses, not a unified commentary of the entire text. Many of its single-verse commentaries also exist, independently of ʿAyyashi, in al-Kulayni's al-kafi and al-Hakim al-Hasakani's Shawahid al-tanzil.[3] Many of these hadiths were taken from al-Sayyari's Kitab al-Qiraat; others, from the lost tafasir of Jabir ibn Yazid al-Juʿfi and Abu'l-Jarud Ziyad ibn al-Mundhir (technically a Zaydi, founder of the Jarudiyya). Correlation with the Shawahid hints at Sunni material as well.[1][4][5]

ʿAyyashi accepted hadiths that held that there had been alteration (tahrif) in the ʿUthmanic mushaf of the Qur'an.[1] He also was interested in apocalyptic material, which he brought to Q. 2:148, 155 (but not 243); 3:83; 6:158 (not 65); 8:39; 9:33; 11:8; 16:1; 17:4–8.[6] The focus of his work however was in jurisprudence, the ayat al-ahkam.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Muhammad Khazim Rahmati. "Tafsir al-Ayyashi". Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam.
  2. ^ Ethan Kohlberg; Amir-Moezzi (2009). Revelation and Falsification. Brill., 190 #390 on Q. 26:224.
  3. ^ Tabahabaei S. K.; Razi T. (Spring 2006). "Tafsir al-Ayyashi and Recovery of the Chain Transmitters of Traditions of Asanid Al-Ahadith in the Shawahid Al-Tanzil". Maqalat Wa Barrasiha (Quranic Sciences and Hadith). 39 (79): 129–148.
  4. ^ A. F. L. Beeston. Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period. p. 306.
  5. ^ Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Moukhamed Saïfitdinovitch Asimov. History of Civilizations of Central Asia. vol.4, part 2 p. 108
  6. ^ David Cook (2002). Studies in Muslim Apocalyptic. Darwin Press., 296.