Türk (magazine)

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CategoriesPolitical magazine
FounderAli Kemal
First issue5 November 1903
Final issue28 November 1907
Based inCairo
LanguageOttoman Turkish

Türk was one of the publications published by Ali Kemal, a member of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). It was based in Cairo and existed between 1903 and 1907.

History and profile[edit]

Türk was established by Ali Kemal, a CUP member living in Cairo.[1] Its first issue appeared on 5 November that year.[2][3] Ali Kemal also edited the magazine which was headquartered in Cairo and came out weekly.[1][4] It had a nationalist political stance[5][6] and opposed the rule of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II.[4] Its goals were to secure the rights of the Turks, to revive Turkish ideals and to advocate Turkish nationalism as an ideology.[6]

Notable contributors of Türk included Serafeddin Mağmumi, Necmeddin Arif, Esad Bey, and Celaleddin Bey.[6] Yusuf Akçura's article entitled Üç Tarz-ı Siyaset (Ottoman Turkish: Three political systems) was serialized in the magazine from 24th to 26th issues between April and May 1904.[1][4] He argued that the Ottomanism, Islamism and Turkism are three necessary components in establishing an Ottoman nation, an Islamic unity and a race-based Turkish nationalism.[4][7] Ali Kemal criticized the Akçura's proposal in an editorial entitled Cevabımız (Ottoman Turkish: Our reply), claiming that he was just a dreamer.[4][8] Ahmet Ferit also published an article in the weekly in regard to the views of Akçura criticizing Ali Kemal's arguments and supporting Akçura's emphasis on Ottomanism.[4][8] The last issue of Türk was published on 28 November 1907, and the weekly produced a total of 187 issues during its existence.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Önder Mezili (2016). 1903-1907 yılları arasında Kahire'de yayınlanan Türk Gazetesi'ne göre Osmanlı Devleti'nde yaşanan siyasi gelişmeler (MA thesis) (in Turkish). İnönü University.
  2. ^ a b Önder Mezili (2021). "Osmanlı Aydınlarından Ali Kemal'in Türk Gazetesi ve Gazetenin Yayın Anlayışına Dair Bir Değerlendirme". İçtimaiyat (in Turkish). 5 (2): 350. doi:10.33709/ictimaiyat.958739. S2CID 240527408.
  3. ^ M. Şükrü Hanioglu (2001). Preparation for a Revolution: The Young Turks, 1902-1908. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. p. 353. ISBN 978-0-19-977111-0.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Kadir Aras (2022). "Book review". Kırklareli Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi (in Turkish). 11 (1): 266–269.
  5. ^ Marc David Baer (2009). The Dönme. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 92. doi:10.1515/9780804772563. ISBN 9780804772563.
  6. ^ a b c Murat Yaşar (2014). "Learning the Ropes: The Young Turk Perception of the 1905 Russian Revolution". Middle Eastern Studies. 50 (1): 115. doi:10.1080/00263206.2013.849694.
  7. ^ Renée Worringer (2014). Ottomans Imagining Japan. East, Middle East, and Non-Western Modernity at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 189. doi:10.1057/9781137384607. ISBN 978-1-137-38460-7.
  8. ^ a b Hakan Yavuz (July 1993). "Nationalism and Islam: Yusuf Akçura and Üç Tarz-ı Siyaset". Journal of Islamic Studies. 4 (2): 196. doi:10.1093/jis/4.2.175. JSTOR 26195511.