Supreme Appellate Court Gilgit-Baltistan

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Supreme Appellate Court Gilgit-Baltistan
Established2009 (2009)
JurisdictionGilgit Baltistan
LocationPrincipal seat:Gilgit
District registry:Skardu
Authorized byGilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment and Self Governance Order) 2009
Appeals fromGilgit-Baltistan Chief Court
Chief Justice
CurrentlyWazir Shakeel Ahmed
Since8 May 2019

The Supreme Appellate Court Gilgit-Baltistan is the highest court of appeal in the region of Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. It consists of a chief justice and two other judges.[1] The court was established in 2009 under Gilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment and Self Governance Order) 2009 and has the similar jurisdiction equal to the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[2] The Permanent Seat of the Court is at Gilgit, but the court also sits from time to time at Skardu Branch Registry.

The appointment of the chairmen and members on September 27, 2005, marked the beginning of the court's operations. Due to changes made to the Northern Areas Governance order of 1994, the court's nomenclature was changed on December 15 to Northern Areas Supreme Appellate Court. Original and appellate jurisdiction were also granted, and the court was given status equal to the Supreme Court of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009, which was published on September 9, also gave the Supreme Appellate Court the same jurisdiction as the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Court composition[edit]

Under Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009 Gilgit-Baltistan Supreme Appellate Court was established with a chief justice and two other judges. The chief judge and judges are appointed for a period of three years by the prime minister of Pakistan.[3] There is a fixed number of justices at three and, as of current, there are currently two judges and one chief justice in Supreme Appellate Court Gilgit-Baltistan.

Chief Justice of GB and justices[edit]

Justices of the Supreme Court of AJK
Order Name Appointment Retirement Court of precedence Notes
1 Sardar Muhammad Shamim Khan 05 November 2022 Chief justice
2 Wazir Shakeel Ahmed 1 February 2020 District Courts Skardu

Former Judges[edit]

Former Chief Justice[edit]

  • Justice Qazi Ehsanullah Qureshi (2005-2008)
  • Justice Muhammad Nawaz Abbasi (2009-2012)
  • Justice Rana Muhammad Arshad (2012-2015)
  • Justice Rana Muhammad Shamim (2015-2018)
  • Justice Syed Arshad Hussain Shah(2019-2022)

Former Judges[edit]

  • Justice Altaf Hussain (2005-2008)
  • Justice Syed Tahir Ali Shah (2005-2008)
  • Justice Syed Jaffar Shah (2009-2012)
  • Justice Muhammad Yaqoob Khan (2009-2012)
  • Justice Raja Jalal-ud-Din (2013-2016)
  • Justice Muzaffar Ali (2013-2016)
  • Justice Shehbaz Khan (15-3-16 to 20-9-2016)[4][5][6][7]


According to Articles 75, 76, 80, & 92 of the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan Order, 2018, the Supreme Appellate Court has the authority to decide cases in its original, appellate, review, and advisory jurisdictions.

Original jurisdiction[edit]

Without limiting the provisions of section 86, the Supreme Appellate Court shall have the authority to issue a declaratory order of the kind described in said section if it determines that a matter involving the enforcement of any fundamental right granted by Chapter I of Part II of this Order is one of general public importance. A Bench made up of at least two judges, to be appointed by the Chief Judge, shall hear an application made pursuant to subsection (1[8]).

Review jurisdiction[edit]

Subject to the terms of an Act of the Assembly and any rules made by the Supreme Appellate Court, the Supreme Appellate Court shall have the authority to review any decision made or order issued by it.

Advisory jurisdiction[edit]

The Supreme Appellate Court of Gilgit-Baltistan may be consulted on any legal issue that the Prime Minister or Governor deems to be of public importance at any time. The prime minister or governor may submit the issue for consideration to the court. The prime minister or, as the case may be, the governor will receive a report from the Gilgit-Baltistan Supreme Appellate Court on any question that has been so referred.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Autonomy order for Gilgit, Baltistan signed". DAWN.COM. September 8, 2009.
  2. ^ Correspondent, A. (May 6, 2019). "Induction of chief judge into GB supreme appellate court opposed". DAWN.COM.
  3. ^ "Fresh appointment: Gilgit-Baltistan judicial crisis ends". The Express Tribune. February 4, 2012.
  4. ^ OUTPOST. "Outpost - Connecting the disconnected". Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  5. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Indian claim over Gilgit-Baltistan baseless and contrary to historical facts, Shehbaz Khan Advocate Vice Chairman GB Bar Council". Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  6. ^ "PAMIR TIMES | Voices of the Mountain Communities – Life Imprisonment: Supreme Appellate Court upholds ATC verdict against Baba Jan and companions". Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  7. ^ "Court in G-B upholds Baba Jan's life term - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  8. ^ "Jurisdiction". Retrieved 2022-11-13.
  9. ^ "Jurisdiction". Retrieved 2022-11-13.

External links[edit]