# Supersymmetric localization

**Supersymmetric localization** is a method to exactly compute correlation functions of supersymmetric operators in certain supersymmetric quantum field theories such as the partition function, supersymmetric Wilson loops, etc. The method can be seen as an extension of the Berline–Vergne– Atiyah– Bott formula (or the Duistermaat–Heckman formula) for equivariant integration to path integrals of certain supersymmetric quantum field theories. Although the method cannot be applied to general local operators, it does provide the full nonperturbative answer for the restricted class of supersymmetric operators. It is a powerful tool which is currently extensively used in the study of supersymmetric quantum field theory. The method, built on the previous works by E.Witten,^{[1]} in its modern form involves subjecting the theory to a nontrivial supergravity background,^{[2]}^{[3]} such that the fermionic symmetry preserved by the latter can be used to perform the localization computation, as in.^{[4]}

Applications range from the proof of the Seiberg–Witten theory, or the conjectures of Erickson–Semenoff–Zarembo and Drukker–Gross to checks of various dualities, and precision tests of the AdS/CFT correspondence.^{[5]}

## References[edit]

**^**Witten, Edward (1988). "Topological sigma models".*Communications in Mathematical Physics*.**118**(3): 411–449. Bibcode:1988CMaPh.118..411W. doi:10.1007/BF01466725. S2CID 34042140.**^**Nekrasov, Nikita (2004). "Seiberg-Witten Prepotential from Instanton Counting".*Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics*.**7**(5): 831–864. arXiv:hep-th/0206161. doi:10.4310/ATMP.2003.v7.n5.a4. S2CID 2285041.**^**Pestun, Vasily (2012). "Localization of gauge theory on a four-sphere and supersymmetric Wilson loops".*Communications in Mathematical Physics*.**2012**(1): 71–129. arXiv:0712.2824. Bibcode:2012CMaPh.313...71P. doi:10.1007/s00220-012-1485-0. S2CID 119256812.**^**Witten, Edward (1992). "The N matrix model and gauged WZW models".*Nuclear Physics B*.**1992**(371): 191–245L. Bibcode:1992NuPhB.371..191W. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(92)90235-4.**^**Pestun, Vasily; Zabzine, Maxim; Benini, Francesco; Dimofte, Tudor; Dumitrescu, Thomas T.; Hosomichi, Kazuo; Kim, Seok; Lee, Kimyeong; Le Floch, Bruno; Mariño, Marcos; Minahan, Joseph A.; Morrison, David R.; Pasquetti, Sara; Qiu, Jian; Rastelli, Leonardo; Razamat, Shlomo S.; Pufu, Silvu S.; Tachikawa, Yuji; Willett, Brian; Zarembo, Konstantin (2017). "Localization techniques in quantum field theories".*Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical*.**50**(44): 440301. arXiv:1608.02952. Bibcode:2017JPhA...50R0301P. doi:10.1088/1751-8121/aa63c1. S2CID 3472269.