|Princely State of British India|
|906 km2 (350 sq mi)|
Sitamau State was a princely state of the British Raj before 1947. Its capital was in Sitamau town, Mandsaur district, Madhya Pradesh. The total area of the state was 350 square miles. The average revenue of the state was Rs.130,000.
Ratan Singh Rathore was killed in the battle of Dharmat, after which his descendants continued to rule Ratlam. During Raja Keshodas's reign some soldiers of the Raja killed the Jaziya tax collectors due to which the Mughals completely annexed Ratlam. Keshodas stuck to imperial service during this time and on 3rd September 1699, he was made the faujdar of Nalgunda. Due to his good governance, Aurangzeb later granted Keshodas the Pargana of Titrod from which Raja Keshodas founded Sitamau State on 31st October 1701. The State of Ratlam was restored to an uncle of Keshodas called Chattrasal in 1705. In 1714 the emperor Farrukhsiyar further added the paragana of Alot to the new state. Sitamau faced invasions after the decline of the Mughal Empire. Nahargarh was captured by Gwalior State and Alot by Dewas State. This forced the rulers of Sitamau to seek the help of John Malcolm who formed a treaty between Gwalior and Sitamau, through which Sitamau paid a yearly tribute of Rs.33,000 to Gwalior and Scindia in return promised not to show hostility towards Sitamau. This tribute was later reduced to Rs.27,000.
- 1701 – 1748 Kesho Das
- 1748 – 1752 Gaj Singh
- 1752 – 1802 Fateh Singh
- 1802 – 1867 Raj Ram Singh I (d. 1867), One of the Longest-Reigning monarchs in History
- 1867 – 28 May 1885 Bhawani Singh (b. 1836 – d. 1885)
- 8 Dec 1885 – 1899 Bahadur Singh
- 1899 – 9 May 1900 Shardul Singh
- 11 May 1900 – 15 August 1947 Raj Ram Singh II (b. 1880 – d. 1967) (from 11 December 1911, Sir Raj Ram Singh II)