Shahnawaz Khan Mamdot

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Nawab Sir Shahnawaz Khan Mamdot (17 December 1883 – 28 March 1942) was a Punjabi landowner and politician of British India. He was a key supporter of the Pakistan movement and for some time, the largest landowner in undivided Punjab.[1][2]

Early life and career[edit]

He was born in Mamdot, Kasur District, Punjab in 1883. In 1907, he left Punjab, British India and settled in Hyderabad State where he joined the state police. In 1928, Nawab Ghulam Qutbuddin Khan Mamdot, ruler on the Mamdot estate at that time, died without issue and childless, and the British Court of Law awarded Shahnawaz the jagirs and title of Nawab of Mamdot.[1] In doing so, he became one of the largest landowners in the Punjab.[3]

He returned to his ancestral land in 1934 and joined the Unionist Party (Punjab).[1] Following the Jinnah-Sikandar Pact in 1937, Mamdot joined the All-India Muslim League and became President of the Punjab Muslim League in 1938. Then he became head of it and started structurally reorganisinig the Punjab Muslim League. He then played a key role in organizing the historic session of the All-India Muslim League in March 1940 in Lahore. He personally paid almost all its expenses.[citation needed] He also was the chairman of the reception committee. Jinnah usually stayed at his 'Mamdot Villa' whenever he was in Lahore.[1]

He was knighted in the King's New Year's Honour List at the start of 1939.[4] Later that year, he funded publication of a book by Mian Kifait Ali titled "Pakistan", which caused Mohammad Ali Jinnah to intervene and insist on a name change before publication for risk of antagonizing non-Muslims.[5]

Mamdot was a staunch supporter of a separate Muslim nation, and held the belief that Muslims could never tolerate subjugation to a community with which they shared no common ground in religion, culture and civilisation.[1][6][7]

At the Lahore Resolution session in 1940, he gave the welcome address as chairman of the local reception committee.[1][8]

Commemorative postage stamp[edit]

Pakistan Post issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1990.[9]

Death and legacy[edit]

He died of a heart attack in Lahore on 28 March 1942.[1][10]

He was succeeded as the Nawab of Mamdot, and president of the Punjab Muslim League by his son Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Profile of Shahnawaz Khan Mamdot". cybercity-online.net website. 8 September 2003. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  2. ^ Amarjit Singh, Punjab divided: politics of the Muslim League and partition, 1935-1947, Kanishka Publishers, Distributors., 1 Jan 2001
  3. ^ Griffin Lepel. H Sir, Chiefs And Families Of Note In The Punjab Vol-i, 1940
  4. ^ The London Gazette, 30 December 1938, Supplement:34585, p.3
  5. ^ Dr. Nitin Prasad, Contemporary Pakistan: Political System, Military and Changing Scenario, Vij Books India Pvt Ltd, 20 Feb 2016
  6. ^ Lahore March 23 Moment of Truth scribd.com, Retrieved 30 August 2021
  7. ^ Ayesha Jalal, Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850, Routledge, 4 Jan 2002, p.398
  8. ^ Venkat Dhulipala, Creating a New Medina, Cambridge University Press, 9 Feb 2015, p.255
  9. ^ "Shahnawaz Khan Mamdot's commemorative postage stamp and profile". cybercity-online.net website. 8 September 2003. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  10. ^ Mahomed Ali Jinnah, The Nation's Voice, Towards Consolidation: United we win : annotated speeches and statements April 1940-April 1942, Quaid-i-Azam Academy, 1996
  11. ^ Profile of Nawab Iftikhar Hussain of Mamdot Story Of Pakistan website, Retrieved 30 August 2021