Shahid Javed Burki

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Shahid Javed Burki
شاہد جاوید برکی
Chairman Burki Institute of Public Policy
Assumed office
2007[1]
Finance Minister of Pakistan (de facto)
In office
11 November 1996 – 17 February 1997
PresidentFarooq Leghari
Prime MinisterMalik Meraj Khalid
Preceded byNaveed Qamar
Succeeded bySartaj Aziz
Vice President World Bank
In office
1994–1999
Personal details
Born
Shahid Javed Burki

(1938-11-14) 14 November 1938 (age 85)
Shimla, Punjab, British India
NationalityPakistani-American
Political partyIndependent
Residence(s)Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Potomac, Maryland, USA
Alma materGCU, Lahore (BSc)
University of Punjab (MSc)
Christ Church, Oxford (MA)
Harvard University
ProfessionEconomist
Social Scientist

Shahid Javed Burki (Urdu: شاہد جاوید برکی) is a Pakistani-American professional economist who has served as Vice President of the World Bank and as de facto Finance Minister of Pakistan on a caretaker basis. He has written extensively on economic development and on the political history of Pakistan.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Shimla, formerly known as Simla, in (then-British) India on 14 September 1938, Burki migrated as a child along with his family to Pakistan at the time of the independence of Pakistan in September 1947. They settled in Rawalpindi, where his father worked as an official in the Pakistan army headquarters. Burki is a cousin of the cricketer Javed Burki. Burki was educated at Presentation Convent High School, Rawalpindi and St Mary's College, Rawalpindi. Upon graduation he moved to Lahore to study double majors in Physics and Mathematics at Government College University, Lahore. He received his MSc in Physics from the Punjab University in 1959. The following year he was chosen as a Rhodes Scholar from Pakistan and went to Christ Church, Oxford to study economics. He received his MA from Oxford in 1963 and then went to Harvard University as a Mason Fellow for graduate studies in Economics and Public Administration. He holds dual Pakistani and US nationality.[2]

Career at World Bank[edit]

Burki joined the World Bank in 1974 as a Senior Economist and went on to serve in several senior positions. He was the (first) Director of the China Department (1987–1994), making him responsible for managing the World Bank's dialogue with the Chinese authorities and supervising all of the Bank's analytical and lending work in China. He persuaded the World Bank's senior management, in the immediate aftermath of the Chinese authorities' repression of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, that the Bank should stay actively engaged with China, a stance challenged at the time by many of the Bank's most powerful shareholder countries. He served as the Regional Vice President for Latin America and the Caribbean during 1994–1999. He took a leave of absence from the World Bank to serve in a caretaker role as Pakistan's de facto Finance Minister for 67 days in 1996–1997 (exercising the responsibilities of the Finance Minister without assuming the title). He retired from the World Bank in 1999.

Publications[edit]

Burki is the author or editor of several books on Pakistan, including: Pakistan Under Bhutto (1980, Macmillan); Pakistan under the Military: Eleven Years of Zia Ul-Haq (with Craig Baxter, 1991, Westview Press); Pakistan: Fifty Years of Nationhood (1999, Westview Press); A Historical Dictionary of Pakistan (1999, Scarecrow Press); and Changing Perceptions, Altered Reality: Pakistan's Economy under Musharraf, 1999–2006 (2007, Oxford University Press, Karachi). Other publications on development include: A Study of Chinese Communes (1969, Harvard University Press); First Things First (with Paul Streeten, 1981, Oxford University Press); and Transforming Socialist Economies: Lessons from Cuba and Beyond (edited, with Daniel P. Erikson, 2005, Palgrave Macmillan).[3]

Other activities[edit]

In the past, Burki has written opinion pieces for a Pakistani newspaper (Dawn). He is currently a frequent contributor of opinion pieces to the Daily Times.[4]

Burki is the Chairman of The Shahid Javed Burki Institute of Public Policy at NetSol (BIPP) in Lahore, Pakistan.[5]

Political offices
Preceded by Finance Minister of Pakistan (de facto)
1996–1997
Succeeded by

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shahid Javed Burki Institute of Public Policy - About Us".
  2. ^ Pakistanis in North America, The Express Tribune
  3. ^ See Burki's short biography and list of publications at the website of the Peterson Institute for International Economics: "Biography: Shahid Javed Burki". Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Shahid Javed Burki, Author at the Express Tribune".
  5. ^ "Burki Institute of Public Policy (BIPP)".