Shaheed Benazirabad District

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Shaheed Benazirabad District
  • شهيد بينظيرآباد ضلعو
  • ضلع شہید بینظیر آباد
Nawab Shah District
نواشاہ ضلعہ
Sunset on Nawabshah-Sarhari road
Sunset on Nawabshah-Sarhari road
Map of Sindh with Shaheed NawabshahDistrict
Map of Sindh with Shaheed NawabshahDistrict
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
DivisionShaheed Benazir Abad
HeadquartersNawabshah
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerN/A
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total4,502 km2 (1,738 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,613,506
 • Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Shaheed Benazirabad District (Sindhi: شهيد بينظيرآباد ضلعو, Urdu: ضلع شہید بینظیر آباد) previously known as Nawabshah District, is one of the districts in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.

Renaming[edit]

The district was renamed in September 2008 when most of MPAs of Nawabshah demanded the district be renamed to honour the late party leader.[2]

The renaming of the district was criticised by the family of Syed Nawabshah and others who, while saddened at the death of Bhutto, felt that Nawabshah was a historic district and ought to have kept its name.[2]

History[edit]

At the establishment of the district in 1st November 1912, seven talukas were included in this district:

  1. Kandiaro
  2. Naushero Feroze
  3. Moro
  4. Sakrand
  5. Nawabshah
  6. Sinjhoro
  7. Shahdadpur

The district was divided into two Sub-divisions, namely Nawabshah Sub-division and Naushahro Feroze Sub-division. The former comprised the three talukas Shahdadpur, Sinjhoro and Nawabshah, while the later comprise the four talukas of Kandiaro, Naushahro Feroze, Moro and Sakrand.

In 1953 the talukas of Shahdadpur and Sinjhoro became part of the newly established Sanghar District. This left Nawabshah Sub-division with only one taluka, so Sakrand taluka was moved from Naushahro Feroze Sub-division to Nawabshah Sub-division. In 1989, another part of the district, the talukas of Nausehro Feroz, Kandiaro and half of the taluka of Moro, was cleaved from it to form the new Naushahro Feroze District.[3] A new taluka, Daulatpur, was created, from half of the Moro and some of Sakrand taluka in Nawabshah district. The district then contained three talukas:

  1. Nawabshah
  2. Sakrand
  3. Daulatpur

In 1998, after the census, a new taluka named Daur was cleaved from Nawabshah taluka.

The district then comprised four talukas:

  1. Nawabshah
  2. Sakrand
  3. Daulatpur (now Kazi Ahmed)
  4. Daur

In May 2014, a 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck the district, killing one person and injuring 70.[4]

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Shaheed Benazir Abad formerly formed part of Nawabshah District. The Deputy Commissioner is responsible for overall administration of the district. The district is sub-divided into four Tehsils:

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2017 census, Shaheed Benazirabad district had a population of 1,613,506, of which 833,235 were males and 780,089 females. The rural population was 1,123,696 (69.64%) and urban 489,810 (30.36%). The literacy rate is 46.86%: 59.42% for males and 33.85% for females.[1]

Religions in Shaheed Benazirabad district (2017)[1]
Religion Percent
Muslims
95.82%
Hindus
3.86%
Other or not stated
0.32%

The majority religion is Islam, with 95.82% of the population. Hinduism (including those from Scheduled Castes) is practiced by 3.86% of the population.[1]

Languages of Shaheed Benazirabad district (2017)

  Sindhi (82.70%)
  Urdu (6.86%)
  Punjabi (5.61%)
  Brahui (1.05%)
  Balochi (1.45%)
  Others (2.33%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 82.70% of the population spoke Sindhi, 6.86% Urdu, 5.61% Punjabi, 1.57% Brahui and 1.40% Balochi as their first language.[1]

Education[edit]

District Shaheed Benazirabad is ranked at the 125th position in the education score index of the Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017 published by Alif Ailaan.

Low learning outcome issues remain a hindrance for district Shaheed Benazirabad. Issues reported by the residents via the Taleem Do! App complain of the lack of primary schools in the area. The debate on whether basic education should be provided in the regional, national or official languages has been a point of debate in Pakistan for several years.

Events[edit]

The H. M. Khoja Annual Flower Show was introduced by H. M. Khoja in 1954 at Khoja Garden. The celebrations take place for three or four days.[5]

Major educational institutes[edit]

Educational institutions in district Benazirabad include:

  • Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand
  • Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences
  • Provincial Institute Of Teacher Education (PITE) Sindh, Nawabshah
  • Bilawal Research and Historical Institute Nawabshah
  • Govt Habib College of Technology Nawabshah
  • Quaid-e-Azam Law College Nawabshah
  • The Loin's College of Law Nawabshah (Private)
  • Bakhtawar Cadet College for Girls
  • Nawabshah Homoeopathic Medical College,0241-61718
  • Nawabshah Institute Of Medical And Health Sciences ( NIMHS), Nawab Shah
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan Nawabshah
  • Quaid-E-Azam Rangers Public School & College Nawabshah
  • CENTRAL COTTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAWABSHAH (1976) (Sakrand)
  • Govt. Degree (Boys) College Nawabshah
  • Govt. Degree (Girls) College Nawabshah
  • Govt: Girls College Nawabshah
  • Govt. Sachal Sarmast College, Nawabshah
  • Govt. Science College Nawabshah
  • Bhittai (Private) Institute of Nursing Nawabshah
  • Piot (Private) College Nawabshah
  • Imperial (Private) Science College Nawabshah
  • Crown (Private) College of Commerce Nawabshah
  • INDUS Institute of Science and Technology Nawabshah
  • CENTRAL WHEAT RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAWABSHAH (1978)
  • Govt Degree (Boys) College Sakrand
  • Govt Degree (Girls) College Sakrand
  • Govt Degree College Daulatpur
  • Govt Girls College Daulatpur
  • Asad public college shahpur jahania
  • Govt Degree College Daur
  • Govt Degree (Boys) College Kazi Ahmed
  • Govt Degree (Girls) College Kazi Ahmed


List of Dehs[edit]

The following is a list of Dadu District's 351 dehs, organised by taluka:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "District-wise Tables - Census 2017 Final Results". pbs.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Nawabshah renamed after Benazir Bhutto". Retrieved 2016-12-26.
  3. ^ PCO 2000, p. 10.
  4. ^ Magnitude 5 Earthquake Kills 1 In Pakistan Archived 2014-05-12 at the Wayback Machine, npr.org.
  5. ^ The H.M Khoja Annual Flower Show[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "List of Dehs in Sindh" (PDF). Sindh Zameen. Retrieved 22 March 2021.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 26°35′N 68°10′E / 26.583°N 68.167°E / 26.583; 68.167