Mohammad al-Sadr (prime minister)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Sayyid Muhammad as-Sadr)
Mohammed al-Sadr
محمد الصدر
Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
29 January 1948 – 26 June 1948
MonarchsFaisal II
Prince Abdullah (Regent)
Preceded bySalih Jabr
Succeeded byMuzahim al-Pachachi
Personal details
Born(1882-01-07)7 January 1882
Died3 April 1956(1956-04-03) (aged 74)
NationalityIraqi
Political partyIndependent
RelationsMuqtada al-Sadr
Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr
Musa as-Sadr

Sayyid Muhammad Hasan al-Sadr (Arabic: السيد محمد حسن الصدر;‎ 7 January 1882 – 3 April 1956) was an Iraqi Shi'ite statesman.[1] He served as Prime Minister of Iraq from 29 January 1948 to 26 June 1948.[2]

Life[edit]

He was born in 1882 to the notable Shia jurist, Sayyid Hassan bin Hadi bin Muhammad-Ali al-Sadr in Baghdad.[3] A member of the prominent Sadr family, claiming descent from the prophet Muhammad, he received a traditional Islamic education. An active Arab nationalist before World War I, in 1919/20 he founded the nationalist party National Guard (al-Haras al-Watani) and helped organize the Iraqi revolt against the British. Escaping arrest by fleeing to Najd, he subsequently returned to Iraq. He was appointed to the Senate of Iraq, and served as its President from November 1929 to February 1937,[4] and from December 1937 to December 1943.[5]

In January 1948 the signing of the Portsmouth treaty led to the Al-Wathbah uprising and the fall of Salih Jabr's government. As-Sadr became Prime Minister for five months. Though he never returned to executive office, he served as President of the Senate again in 1948.

He died on 3 April 1956.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yaacov Shimoni, Biographical Dictionary of the Middle East, 1991, p.202
  2. ^ "Countries I". Archived from the original on 2017-07-16. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  3. ^ Mahfoudh, Hussain Ali. Buyutat Kadhimiya (in Arabic). Baghdad. p. 103.
  4. ^ Report by His Britannic Majesty's Government to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of Iraq 1929. Archived from the original on 2020-04-14. Retrieved 2020-01-05 – via HathiTrust.
  5. ^ "'File 11/44 Leading Personalities in Iraq, Iran & Saudi Arabia' [30v] (60/96)". Qatar Digital Library. September 10, 2018. Archived from the original on December 28, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2020.
  6. ^ "في مثل هذا اليوم 3 (نيسان) من العام 1956 م توفي رئيس الوزراء في العهد الملكي السيد محمد الصدر - منتديات عراق الخير والمحبة". Archived from the original on 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2020-07-17.