Sawar Khan

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Sawar Khan
13th Governor of Punjab
In office
18 September 1978 – 1 May 1980
Preceded byAslam Riaz Hussain
Succeeded byLt-Gen. Ghulam Jilani Khan
Personal details
Born
Sawar Khan

1 December 1924
Rawalpindi District, British Raj
NationalityPakistani
Spouse(s)Khadijah Bano
Military service
Allegiance Pakistan
Branch/service Pakistan Army
Years of service1946–1984
RankOF-9 Pakistan Army.svgUS-O10 insignia.svgGeneral
UnitPakistan Army Corps of Artillery
CommandsVice Chief of Army Staff
IV Corps in Lahore
XI Corps in Peshawar
Adjutant-General, Army GHQ
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
AwardsNishan-e-Imtiaz.pngNishan-e-Imtiaz (Military)
Post-Retirement WorkCommunity Service President Northern University, Nowshera Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa

General Sawar Khan (Urdu: سوار خان) NI(m), is a retired four-star rank army general who served as the Vice Chief of Army Staff under President Zia-ul-Haq from 1980 until 1984. Prior to that, he served as the Governor of Punjab to enforce martial law imposed by then-army chief Gen. Zia against civilian government in 1977.

Biography[edit]

Sawar Khan was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery of the Indian Army in 1946 after his passing out from the OTS in Bangalore.[1] As an army captain, Sawar served as an instructor gunnery (IG) at the School of Artillery.[2] His combat services witnessed his participation in second and third war with India. In 1975-76, Maj-Gen. Sawar was posted in Army GHQ in Rawalpindi as an Adjutant-General.: 209 [3]

On 24 March 1976, Major-General Sawar was informal by then-Defence Secretary, Ghulam Ishaq, of government's decision of retiring the commissions of seven army generals, with Sawar promoting to three-star rank.: contents [4] Lieutenant-General Sawar Khan was eventually appointed as the field commander of the XI Corps based in Peshawar.[5] In 1978, Lt-Gen. Sawar Khan was posted as a field commander of the IV Corps in Lahore, taking over the command by Lt-Gen. Iqbal Khan.[6][7]

Governorship of Punjab and vice-chief of army staff[edit]

In 1978, Lt-Gen. Sawar was appointed as martial law administrator and took over the governorship of Punjab, performing a difficult task in the province where the democratic movements were taking place.: 34 [8][9]

In 1980, Lt-Gen. Sawar Khan was promoted to four-star rank and was posted as the Vice Chief of Army Staff under President Zia-ul-Haq at the Army GHQ in Rawalpindi. His views reflected the anti-Russian views and supported the covert operations against the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan, which he viewed as a direct threat to Pakistan.: xix [10] In 1984, Lt-Gen. Sawar sought retirement from the military and was eventually replaced by Lt-Gen. Khalid Mahmud Arif; and by the time, Sawar retired from the army, he built up his reputation in the army as a professional soldier.[11]

Awards and Decorations[edit]

Nishan-e-Imtiaz

(Military)

(Order of Excellence)

Sitara-e-Harb 1971 War

(War Star 1971)

Tamgha-e-Jang 1965 War

(War Medal 1965)

Tamgha-e-Jang 1971 War

(War Medal 1971)

Pakistan Tamgha

(Pakistan Medal)

1947

Tamgha-e-Sad Saala Jashan-e-

Wiladat-e-Quaid-e-Azam

(100th Birth Anniversary of

Muhammad Ali Jinnah)

Tamgha-e-Jamhuria

(Republic Commemoration Medal)

1956

Hijri Tamgha

(Hijri Medal)

1979

War Medal

1939-1945

India Service Medal

1939–1945

Queen Elizabeth II

Coronation Medal

(1953)

Foreign Decorations[edit]

Foreign Awards
 UK War Medal 1939-1945
 UK India Service Medal 1939–1945
 UK Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ EAS Bokhari "Late Lt Gen SM Abbasi" Defence Journal, April 2002
  2. ^ "LATE LT GEN SM ABBASI". archive.is. 23 July 2012. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Malik, Maj-Gen. Tajammal Hussain (1991). The Story of My Struggle (snippet view) (1st ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: Jang Publishers. p. 249. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  4. ^ Sehri, Inam (2012). "§(Who Supported Zia?)". Judges and Generals of Pakistan Volume - I (google books) (1st ed.). Grosvenor House Publishing. ISBN 9781781480434. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  5. ^ A.H. Amin "Remembering Our Warriors: Maj Gen (Retd) Tajammal Hussain Malik" Defence Journal, September 2001
  6. ^ Rahimullah Yusufzai. "Change of Guard at Peshawar's 11th Corps" The News, 10 May 2001
  7. ^ Burki, Shahid Javed (2018). Pakistan: Fifty Years Of Nationhood, Third Edition (3rd ed.). Routledge. ISBN 9780429978135. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  8. ^ Cloughley, Brian (2008). War, Coups & Terror: Pakistan's Army in Years of Turmoil. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-60239-698-2. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via Internet Archive. sawar khan governor.
  9. ^ Rizwan Hussain. "Pakistan and the Emergence of Islamic Militancy in Afghanistan" Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ISBN 0-7546-4434-0
  10. ^ Service, United States Foreign Broadcast Information (1982). Daily Report: People's Republic of China. National Technical Information Service. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Pakistan under Zia, 1977–1988", by Shahid Javed Burki Asian Survey, Vol. 28, No. 10 (Oct., 1988), pp. 1082–1100

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Punjab
1978–1980
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by Vice Chief of Army Staff
1980–1984
Succeeded by