Sargodha District

Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500
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Sargodha District
ضلع سرگودھا
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
Flag of Sargodha District
Official seal of Sargodha District
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionSargodha
Established1914
Founded byBritish Government
HeadquartersSargodha
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerMuhammad Asghar Joiya
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (2023)[1]
 • Total4,334,448
 • Density740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal Code
40100
ConstituenciesNA-82, NA-83, NA-84, NA-85, NA-86
Number of Tehsils7
National Assembly Seats (2024)Total (5)
  •   Sunni Ittehad Council (3)
  •   PML(N) (2)
Punjab Assembly Seats (2024)Total (10)
Websitesargodha.punjab.gov.pk

Sargodha District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضلع سرگودھا), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane along with Kinno being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit including Kinnow, orange and lemon. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.[2]

Etymology[edit]

It is believed that there was an old pond in the middle of the town where an old Hindu monk or sadhu (godha) used to live. The Sanskrit word for pond is "ser".[3] Since the town had a modest population, people would refer the place as 'ser godha', the place where that famous Sadhu resided next to the pond.[4] The Shahpur district was renamed when its headquarters were shifted to Sargodha in 1960.

Administration and tehsils[edit]

Sargodha city is the administrative headquarter of Sargodha Division and handles the population of about 8.1 million.[5] Sargodha District is administratively divided into Seven Tehsils, which contain a total of 161 Union Councils.[6] Following are the seven tehsils of Sargodha district:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 893,269—    
1961 1,107,226+2.17%
1972 1,557,641+3.15%
1981 1,911,849+2.30%
1998 2,665,979+1.98%
2017 3,696,212+1.73%
2023 4,334,448+2.69%
Sources:[7]

At the time of the 2017 census, Sargodha district had 592,044 households and a population of 3,696,212. Sargodha had a sex ratio of 979 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 65.54% - 74.12% for males and 56.88% for females. 1,144,535 (30.97%) lived in urban areas. 928,166 (25.11%) were under 10 years of age.[8] In 2023, the district had 684,799 households and a population of 4,334,448.[1]

Sargodha District is among the world's best Citrus-producing region. Sargodha District is well known for its kinnow, a citrus variety.[9]

The below list shows the population of each of the seven tehsils of Sargodha district according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan along with area:

Tehsil Population[8]
(2017 Census)
Area
km2 (sqmi)
Sargodha[8] 1,535,152 1,455 (561.8)
Kot Momin Tehsil[8] 451,978 891 (344.0)
Bhalwal Tehsil[8] 456,206 557 (215.1)
Shahpur[8] 353,325 787 (303.9)
Silanwali[8] 344,487 610 (235.5)
Sahiwal[8] 340,695 759 (293.1)
Bhera Tehsil[8] 314,369 722 (278.8)

Religion[edit]

Religion in Sargodha district (2017)[8]
Religion Percent
Islam
98.08%
Christianity
1.76%
Other or not stated
0.16%

As per the 2017 census Muslims were the predominant religious community with 98.08% of the population while Christians were 1.76% of the population.[8]

Religion in Sargodha District[a][b]
Religion Population (1941)[10]: 42  Percentage (1941) Population (2017) Percentage (2017)
Islam 624,353 81.71% 3,625,339 98.08%
Hinduism [c] 84,697 11.09% 141 0%
Sikhism 42,237 5.53%
Christianity 12,682 1.66% 65,231 1.76%
Ahmadi 5,427 0.15%
Others [d] 93 0.01% 74 0%
Total Population 764,062 100% 3,696,212 100%

Language[edit]

Languages of Sargodha district (2017)[8]

  Punjabi (94.07%)
  Urdu (4.31%)
  Pashto (1.23%)
  Others (0.39%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 94.07% of the population spoke Punjabi, 4.31% Urdu and 1.23% Pashto as their first language.[8]

Villages[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TABLE 1 : HOUSEHOLDS, POPULATION, HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2023.
  2. ^ "District Overview – Sargodha". Punjab Police, Government of the Punjab website. 4 January 2008. Archived from the original on 4 January 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  3. ^ Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. 1994. ISBN 9789690101051. Retrieved 31 December 2007. The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water...
  4. ^ Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. 1997. Retrieved 31 December 2007. Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"...
  5. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha". National Reconstruction Bureau, Government of Pakistan website. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  7. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  9. ^ Mahmood, Amjad (21 December 2020). "Sarghoda's citrus claim to fame". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  10. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  1. ^ 1941 figures are for Shahpur, Bhalwal and Sargodha tehsils of the former Shahpur District, which roughly corresponds to present-day Sargodha district
  2. ^ Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  3. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  4. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated

32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500