Sanna Marin

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Sanna Marin
Marin lapsen oikeuksien juhla
Marin in 2022
46th Prime Minister of Finland
Assumed office
10 December 2019
PresidentSauli Niinistö
DeputyKatri Kulmuni
Matti Vanhanen
Annika Saarikko
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
Assumed office
23 August 2020
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
6 June 2019 – 10 December 2019
Prime MinisterAntti Rinne
Preceded byAnu Vehviläinen
Succeeded byTimo Harakka
Member of the Finnish Parliament
Assumed office
22 April 2015
ConstituencyPirkanmaa
Personal details
Born
Sanna Mirella Marin

(1985-11-16) 16 November 1985 (age 36)[1][2]
Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
Political partySocial Democratic
Spouse(s)
Markus Räikkönen
(m. 2020)
Children1
Alma materUniversity of Tampere

Sanna Mirella Marin (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsɑnːɑ ˈmirelːɑ ˈmɑriːn];[3] born 16 November 1985) is a Finnish politician who has been serving as the prime minister of Finland since 2019. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP), she has been a Member of Parliament since 2015. Following Antti Rinne's resignation in the wake of the postal strike controversy, Marin was selected as prime minister on 8 December 2019. Taking office at age 34, she is the youngest person to hold the office in Finnish history,[4][5] as well as the world's third-youngest state leader after Dritan Abazović of Montenegro and Gabriel Boric of Chile.

Early life and education[edit]

Sanna Mirella Marin was born on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki.[6][2] She also lived in Espoo and Pirkkala before moving to Tampere.[6][better source needed] Her parents separated when she was very young; the family faced financial problems and Marin's father, Lauri Marin,[7] struggled with alcoholism. After her biological parents separated, Marin was brought up by her mother and her mother's female partner.[8][9][10]

Marin graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19.[11] Marin joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and was its first vice president from 2010 to 2012.[12][6] She worked in a bakery and as a cashier while studying,[13] graduating with a bachelor's and master's degree in Administrative Science from the University of Tampere.[9][13]

Early political career[edit]

Marin's political career was described by the BBC as "beginning at the age of 20",[8] in the years following her high school graduation and beginning her affiliation with the Social Democratic Youth.[8][12] She initially unsuccessfully ran for election to the City Council of Tampere, but was elected in the 2012 elections.[8][6][14][15] She became chairman of the City Council within months, serving from 2013 to 2017.[9] In 2017, she was re-elected to the City Council.[16] She first gained prominence after video clips of her chairing contentious meetings were shared on YouTube.[13]

Marin was elected second deputy chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 2014.[17][9] In 2015, she was elected to the Finnish Parliament as an MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa.[18] Four years later, she was re-elected.[19] On 6 June 2019, she became the Minister of Transport and Communications.[17][20][13]

On 23 August 2020, Marin was elected chair of the SDP, succeeding Antti Rinne.[21]

Prime Minister of Finland[edit]

Sanna Marin
Premiership of Sanna Marin
10 December 2019 – present
Sanna Marin
CabinetMarin Cabinet
PartySocial Democratic
Appointed bySauli Niinistö
SeatKesäranta

Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg

Seal of the Prime Minister
Official website

In December 2019, Marin was nominated by the Social Democratic Party to succeed Antti Rinne as the Prime Minister of Finland,[22][23] but Rinne formally remained party leader until June 2020.[24][25] In a narrow vote, Marin prevailed over Antti Lindtman. A majority of the ministers in her five-party cabinet are women, numbering 12 out of 19 at the time of the cabinet's formation.[26][27] She is the third female head of government in Finland, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi.[14][28][25]

Upon her confirmation by Parliament at the age of 34, she became Finland's youngest-ever prime minister, and was the youngest serving state leader until Sebastian Kurz regained that description in January 2020.[23][29][30][31]

During the global COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Marin's cabinet invoked a state of emergency in Finland to alleviate the epidemic.[32] When Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven could not attend a European Council meeting in October 2020 because of his mother's funeral, Marin stepped in to represent Sweden.[33] In return, Marin asked Löfven to represent Finland at a Council meeting later that month.[34]

Foreign policy[edit]

In a new year address at the start of 2022, Marin stated that Finland had the right to join NATO if it wanted to, and should consider this option. This action caused a negative reaction from the Russian media, with some outlets reporting that "Moscow was stabbed in the back".[35][36] In February, following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Marin commented on Finland's potential membership, noting, "It is also now clear that the debate on NATO membership in Finland will change", while noting that a Finnish application to NATO would require widespread political and public support.[37]

On 24 February 2022, the Russian president Putin ordered the Russian Armed Forces to begin an invasion of Ukraine. On 25 February, a Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson threatened Finland and Sweden with "military and political consequences" if they attempted to join NATO, which neither were actively seeking. Both countries had attended an emergency NATO summit as members of NATO's Partnership for Peace and both had condemned the invasion and had provided assistance to Ukraine.[38]

On 4 March 2022, the President of Finland Sauli Niinistö visited Washington, D.C. to meet with President Joe Biden and number of other U.S. politicians and security personnel. In a press conference with Finnish media, Niinistö told that in the meeting the presidents discussed the Russian invasion of Ukraine and its impact on European and Finnish security. Furthermore they agreed on deepening Finnish-US security co-operation and bilateral relations.[39] On 12 May 2022, ten weeks after the beginning of the invasion, President Niinistö and Prime Minister Marin in a joint statement said that "Finland must apply for NATO membership without delay" as such membership "would strengthen Finland's security".[40]

On 15 May, Niinistö and Marin announced that Finland will apply for NATO membership, and on 17 May the Finnish parliament approved the proposal 188-8.[41] On 26 May, she went to Kyiv at the invitation of Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal,[42] where she met President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and visited the war-torn cities of Irpin and Bucha.[43]

Marin and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson talks about potential NATO memberships for Finland and Sweden in the spring of 2022.

Controversies[edit]

In October 2020, Marin took part in a photoshoot for the Finnish magazine Trendi in which she wore a blazer with nothing underneath. It generated much public controversy, with critics accusing her of tastelessness and demeaning her office, and others defending her and accusing the critics of sexism.[44] Social media users in support of Marin used the hashtag #ImWithSanna when sharing photos of themselves wearing blazers with no top underneath. Trendi would share some of these #ImWithSanna posts.[45]

Spending[edit]

On 25 May 2021, Finnish media reported that Marin and her family were paying about 300 per month for groceries with public funds as a part of the Prime Minister's tax-free housing benefits. The legality of the arrangement was questioned since the housing benefits do not explicitly include food provisions.[46][47] Later, the amount spent was found to be €850 per month, not the €300 first thought.[48] Marin had used around €14,363.20 on catering services in the prime minister's official residence between January 2020 and May 2021, equivalent to €845 per month, which was over the annual limit of €2,500.[49] She claimed that she did not know the limit.[50] Finnish political scientist Kimmo Grönlund said that the controversy was unlikely to cost Marin her job as "Personally I think the sums which have come out so far are quite a small matter" and that Marin has declared the amount and "will from now on pay for her own breakfasts".[49] With the controversy over spending on groceries, Marin had to dispel speculation that public money had also been spent on her wedding, saying that she and her husband "paid for all our wedding expenses ourselves".[49]

Actions during COVID-19[edit]

In early December 2021, Marin went celebrating in a night club in Helsinki hours after being in close contact with Finland's foreign minister who had tested positive for COVID-19, thus exposing the Prime Minister to the infection. Two text messages were sent to Marin's governmental phone alerting that she should be quarantined. However, Marin missed the messages because she was not carrying the phone at the time. According to the government regulations, the Prime Minister should always be in possession of and be reachable via a governmental phone. Marin was allegedly carrying only a parliamentary phone during the night out.[51][52]

According to Marin, she had been told that going out in public was permitted due to her having been vaccinated. Once she had received information that this was not the case, she got tested and apologised on Facebook.[53] Two complaints about Marin's behavior were subsequently filed to the Chancellor of Justice.[54] Prominent members of the coalition government partner Centre Party stated that Marin had lied to them by altering her explanations of the events.[55]

Personal life[edit]

In January 2018, Marin and her fiancé, Markus Räikkönen had a daughter, Emma.[56][57][58] In August 2020, Marin and Räikkönen, who works in communications, married at the prime minister's official residence, Kesäranta.[57][59] Their permanent residence is in the Kaleva district of Tampere,[6] but during the COVID-19 pandemic, they have resided at Kesäranta.[57] She has said that, if she had the choice, she would move to the countryside.[60]

Marin describes herself as coming from a "rainbow family",[61] as she was raised by same-sex parents.[20][62][2] She was the first person in her family to attend university.[63]

Marin is a vegetarian.[64]

Awards[edit]

Marin was on the list of the BBC's 100 Women announced on 23 November 2020.[65] On 9 December 2020, she was selected by Forbes to rank 85th on the list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women.[66][67] In 2020 she became a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum.[68] Marin was selected for the cover of Time magazine's "Time100 Next" theme issue, which showcases one hundred influential leaders from around the world.[69]

Cabinets[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sanna Marin". Britannica. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Specia, Megan (10 December 2019). "Who is Sanna Marin, Finland's 34-Year-Old Prime Minister?". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  3. ^ Miten pääministerin sukunimi ääntyy? (in Finnish; "How is the prime minister's family name pronounced?") – Institute for the Languages of Finland
  4. ^ "Pääministerien ikä nimitettäessä". Valtioneuvosto (in Finnish). Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Prime Minister's age on the date of appointment". Valtioneuvosto. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e Marin, Sanna (19 December 2019). "Kuka Sanna? ja Ansioluettelo" ["Sanna who?" and "Resume"]. SannaMarin.net (self-published autobiography). Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2020. Koulutukseltani olen hallintotieteiden maisteri Tampereen yliopistosta. Ylioppilaaksi kirjoitin Pirkkalan yhteislukiosta vuonna 2004. / Asumme mieheni Markuksen ja kaksivuotiaan tyttäremme Emman kanssa Tampereella Kalevan kaupunginosassa. ... / Juureni löytyvät neljän kunnan alueelta. Olen syntynyt Helsingissä, asunut Espoossa, veittänyt kasvu- ja kouluvuoteni Pirkkalassa ja vihdoin kotiutunut Tampereelle. [I hold a Master of Administrative Sciences from the University of Tampere. I was a student and graduated from Pirkkala High School in 2004. / I live with my husband, Markus, and our two year old daughter, Emma, in the Kaleva district of Tampere. ... / My roots are in four municipalities. I was born in Helsinki, lived in Espoo, spent my years growing up and in school in Pirkkala, and finally settled in Tampere.]
  7. ^ "The father of Prime Minister Sanna Marini is dead". Teller Report. 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Greenall, Robert (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin: The rising star set to lead Finland's 5.5 million". BBC News. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Burtsov, Petri; Heikkilä, Melissa (12 December 2019). "Comrades, meet Finland's new PM". Politico. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  10. ^ Sandelius, Ninni (January 2018). "Sanna Marin: "Juurettomuus pakottaa minut katsomaan tulevaan"". Eeva (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  11. ^ Esfandiari, Sahar (9 December 2019). "The rapid rise of Sanna Marin, the 34-year-old Finnish woman set to become the youngest serving world leader". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  12. ^ a b Hemmilä, Ilkka (18 May 2018). "SDP:n uraohjus nousi 10 vuodessa Pirkanmaan ääniharavaksi – Sanna Marin haluaa ravistella puolueita". Maaseudun Tulevaisuus (in Finnish). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d O'Connor, Philip (14 December 2019). "How did Finland's Sanna Marin become the world's youngest prime minister?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  14. ^ a b Henley, Jon (9 December 2019). "Finland anoints Sanna Marin, 34, as world's youngest-serving prime minister". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  15. ^ Candidates elected Tampere Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Elected". vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  17. ^ a b Marin, Saana ja Eduskunta Henkilöstö [and Parliament Staff] (4 February 2020). "Kansanedustajat [The MPs] > Sanna Marin". Eduskunta.fi (professional autobiography) (in Finnish). Helsinki, FI: Suomen Eduskunta [Parliament of Finland]. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Electoral district of Pirkanmaa". Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Valitut". tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Finnish minister, 34, to be world's youngest PM". BBC News. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  21. ^ Hakahuhta, Ari (23 August 2020). "Queenin "Älä pysäytä minua nyt" soi salissa, liikuttunut Sanna Marin: "Teidän ansiosta ja teidän vuoksenne" – Yle seuraa SDP:n kokousta". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  22. ^ SDP on valinnut: Sanna Marinista tulee Suomen seuraava pääministeri – suora lähetys menossa, Yle seuraa hetki hetkeltä Yle 8 December 2019
  23. ^ a b Virki, Tarmo (8 December 2019). "Finland's Social Democrats name Marin to be youngest ever prime minister". Reuters. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  24. ^ Teivainen, Aleksi (9 December 2019). "Social Democrats selects Marin as its candidate to succeed Rinne". Helsinki Times. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  25. ^ a b Lemola, Johanna; Specia, Megan (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin of Finland to Become World's Youngest Prime Minister". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  26. ^ Pohjanpalo, Kati; Laikola, Leo (9 December 2019). "'I've proven my abilities': Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest prime minister". National Post. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  27. ^ Manzanaro, Sofia Sanchez (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest Prime Minister". Euronews. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  28. ^ Al Jazeera and News Agencies (9 December 2019). "Finland: Sanna Marin to Become World's Youngest PM at 34". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  29. ^ "Finland's Parliament picks Sanna Marin as world's youngest sitting prime minister". Japan Times. Associated Press. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  30. ^ "Finland's new 34-year-old prime minister to be youngest in the world, backed by all-female leaders". ABC News. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  31. ^ Her status as the youngest serving state leader was later assumed by the Chancellor of Austria, Sebastian Kurz, who took office on 7 January 2020 at the age of 33, pushing Marin to the second position.[citation needed]
  32. ^ Teivainen, Aleksi (1 April 2020). "Poll: Social Democrats overtakes Finns Party as most popular party in Finland". Helsinki Times. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  33. ^ Heikkilä, Melissa (29 September 2020). "Finland's Sanna Marin to represent Sweden at EU summit". Politico. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  34. ^ Heikkilä, Melissa (16 October 2020). "Finnish PM Sanna Marin leaves EU summit as coronavirus precaution". Politico. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  35. ^ "Kremlin propagandakoneisto keksi tavan iskeä Niinistön ja Marinin Nato-puheisiin: "Moskova sai puukoniskun selkäänsä"". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). 4 January 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  36. ^ Himanen, Jari (3 January 2022). "Näin Venäjällä reagoitiin Niinistön ja Marinin Nato-lausuntoihin – tutkija: sävy on sopimaton". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  37. ^ "Finnish President: Putin's mask comes off, showing "cold face of war"". Yle. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  38. ^ Paúl, Maria (25 February 2022). "Russia threatens Finland and Sweden over potential NATO membership". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  39. ^ "Niinistö on White House visit: "Well, we don't usually start wars"". Yle. 4 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  40. ^ Niinistö, Sauli; Marin, Sanna (12 May 2022). "Joint statement by the President of the Republic and Prime Minister of Finland on Finland's NATO membership". President of the Repuublic of Finland. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  41. ^ "Finland's Parliament approves NATO membership application". Deutsche Welle. 17 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  42. ^ @FinGovernment (26 May 2022). "Finland is preparing additional support for Ukraine. Finland is also prepared to increase its arms deliveries to Ukraine" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  43. ^ "President of Ukraine held a meeting with the Prime Minister of Finland". president.gov.ua. 26 May 2022.
  44. ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (16 October 2020). "Finland's prime minister Sanna Marin at centre of sexism debate after wearing low-cut blazer for magazine shoot". Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  45. ^ Young, Sarah (16 October 2020). "#ImWithSanna: Sexism Row Over Photo of Finnish Prime Minister in Plunging Blazer Inspires Social Media Movement". The Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  46. ^ "Iltalehti: Sanna Marin pays for her family's breakfast with taxpayers' money". Helsinki Times. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  47. ^ "Thursday's papers: PM's breakfast, Viking Sally drama, bring your own pen". Yle Uutiset. 27 May 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  48. ^ "Marinin ateriaetu onkin ollut noin 850 euroa kuussa". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 30 May 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  49. ^ a b c Duxbury, Charlie (31 May 2021). "Finnish prime minister faces more scrutiny over breakfast expenses". Politico. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  50. ^ Rautio, Marjatta (9 December 2021). "Valtioneuvoston kanslia selittää pääministerin ateriapalveluiden kallista hintaa – Marinin kulut paljon isommat kuin aiemmilla pääministereillä". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  51. ^ "Juhlimassa ollutta pääministeri Marinia ei tavoitettu virkapuhelimesta yrityksistä huolimatta". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 5 December 2021. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  52. ^ Dasgupta, Sravasti (8 December 2021). "Finland's prime minister criticised for clubbing till 4am despite Covid exposure". The Independent. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  53. ^ "Sanna Marin: Finland's PM sorry for clubbing after Covid contact". BBC News. 8 December 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  54. ^ Pilke, Antti (7 December 2021). "Marinin yökerhoillasta tehty kaksi kantelua oikeuskanslerille". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  55. ^ Nurmi, Lauri (7 December 2021). "Keskustasta kova väite: "Marin valehteli meille – tarinat vaihtuvat koko ajan"". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  56. ^ Matson-Mäkelä, Kirsi (31 January 2019). "Kansanedustaja Sanna Marinille syntyi vauva". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  57. ^ a b c Kale, Sirin (31 March 2020). "Sanna Marin, The Youngest Female Prime Minister In The World, Talks Sexism, Imposter Syndrome, and Sustainability". Vogue. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  58. ^ Avins, Jenni (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin, 34, will be the world's youngest sitting prime minister". Quartz. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  59. ^ Cruse, Ellena (2 August 2020). "Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin marries long-time love at intimate ceremony". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  60. ^ Mansikkamäki, Eija (30 October 2020). "Pääministeri Marin haluaisi muuttaa maalle – esteenä yksi henkilö: "Jatkan keskustelua"". Maaseudun Tulevaisuus (in Finnish). Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  61. ^ Ng, Kate (10 December 2019). "Sanna Marin: Meet the world's youngest prime minister and daughter of a 'rainbow family'". The Independent. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  62. ^ "Uusi valtuuston puheenjohtaja jakoi nuorena Tamperelaista". Tamperelainen (in Finnish). 26 September 2013.[dead link]
  63. ^ Waterfield, Bruno (10 December 2019). "Finnish prime minister Sanna Marin is world's youngest leader at 34". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  64. ^ Nurmi, Lauri (23 December 2019). "Aatteen nainen" [A woman of ideals]. Satakunnan Kansa (in Finnish). Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  65. ^ "BBC 100 Women 2020: Who is on the list this year?". BBC News. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  66. ^ #85 Sanna Marin – Forbes
  67. ^ Mandalia, Bhavi (9 December 2020). "Power Forbes selected Prime Minister Sanna Marin as one of the most influential women in the world". PledgeTimes. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  68. ^ "World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders Community – Sanna Marin". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  69. ^ Solberg, Erna (17 February 2021). "Sanna Marin is on the TIME100 Next 2021 List". Time. Retrieved 17 February 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Social Democratic Party
2020–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Transport and Communications
2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Finland
2019–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded byas Speaker of the Parliament Order of precedence of Finland
Prime Minister
Succeeded byas President of the Supreme Court