Sanjukta Morcha

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Sanyukta Morcha
Preceded byMahajot (Left-INC alliance)
IdeologyBig tent
Left-wing nationalism

Sanjukta Morcha alternatively Sanyukta Morcha (transl. United Front),[6] is a political alliance formed ahead of the 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election as an alternative to the Trinamool Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. It was led by Communist Party of India (Marxist)[7] and Indian National Congress[8] and Indian Secular Front with other smaller parties of Left Front (West Bengal) during the 2021 elections. After the election, Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury, the head of Congress, declared the end of any alliance with Indian Secular Front[9][10][11][12][13] Later on CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury said the electoral alliances was over after the polls, but the political understanding between Left, Congress and ISF will continue.[14][15]


Following the heavy defeats in the 2011 Assembly equations and the 2014 Indian national election, the party welcomed ideas of the alliance even with parties not conforming to the communist manifesto. The first signs came when in the Siliguri municipal election, CPI(M) made some local understanding with INC resulting in CPI(M) leader Ashok Bhattacharya being appointed as the mayor. This success got popularity as Siliguri Model.

After the success of the model, in the long run, some Congress and CPI(M) leader advocated for a Left-Congress alliance.[16] This gradually materialized into "Alliance" between INC and Left Front in all the seats except in Murshidabad district.

After much dispute and secession of SUCI(C) and CPI(ML) from Left Front, both Congress and Lefts formed a basis of what they called "seat sharing", strongly objecting to the use of the word-"alliance".

Left Front consisting of CPI(M), CPI, RSP and All India Forward Bloc along with INC (Congress) (who were on an Electoral agreement with the Left Front) released their respective candidate list in several rounds after consultations and bargaining.[17][18]

In 2016 Secular Democratic Alliance[19] or locally known as Mahajot was formed on the broad agreement that some political parties proposed before the 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election for fighting against Trinamool Congress government in West Bengal, India. Subsequently, Mahajot succeeded to Samyukta Morcha in 2021.

2021 Legislative assembly election[edit]

Ahead of the 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, Indian Secular Front joined the alliance with Left Front and Indian National Congress.[20] The alliance was announced in a rally of Left Front (West Bengal) in the Brigade Parade Ground.[21] The Left Parties will contest in 165 seats, Congress in 92 and ISF in 37 seats.

Despite a spirited campaign, the Left Front and the Indian National Congress drew a blank in the election with a considerable decrease in their respective vote shares and the Indian Secular Front (contesting in the name and symbol of the Rashtriya Secular Majlis Party) wrested the Bhangar Assembly constituency from the All India Trinamool Congress.

2023 and 2024 elections[edit]

The Left Front supported Indian National Congress candidate Bayron Biswas for by-election in Sagardighi Assembly constituency.[22]

On 2 March 2023, CPI(M) state secretary Mohammed Salim, in a press meeting, said that smaller anti-TMC and anti-BJP forces including the Indian Secular Front supported INC candidate Bayron Biswas. He also added that alliance of Left and Centrist forces and other parties will continue in 2023 Panchayat elections and 2024 parliamentary elections.[23]


Party Symbol Leader(s) Bloc(s)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M)
CPIM election symbol.png
Mohammed Salim Left Front
All India Forward Bloc AIFB
Indian Election Symbol Lion.svg
Debabrata Biswas
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP
Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
Manoj Bhattacharya
Communist Party of India CPI
CPI symbol.svg
Swapan Banerjee
Indian National Congress INC
Hand INC.svg
Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury UPA
Indian Secular Front[a] ISF
Indian Election Symbol Envelope.jpg
Nawsad Siddique -


  1. ^ Indian Secular Front is an unregistered political party and it contested the election on the "Envelope" symbol and name of Bihar-based political party Rashtriya Secular Majlis Party (RSMP).


  1. ^ Chakrabarty, Bidyut (2014). Communism in India: Events, Processes and Ideologies. Oxford University Press. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-199-97489-4.
  2. ^ "Brief History of CPI - CPI". Archived from the original on 9 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  3. ^ Bidyut Chakrabarty (2014). Communism in India: Events, Processes and Ideologies. Oxford University Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-19-997489-4.
  4. ^ Soper, J. Christopher; Fetzer, Joel S. (2018). Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press. pp. 200–210. ISBN 978-1-107-18943-0.
  5. ^ "Party constitution". India: All India Forward Bloc. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  6. ^ "With Brigade Rally, Left-Congress-ISF's 'Sanyukta Morcha' Kicks Of Bengal Poll Campaign". Outlook India. 2021-02-28. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  7. ^ Pradipta Tapadar (January 1, 2016). "West Bengal Assembly Elections 2016: CPI(M), Left Divided Over Alliance With Congress". Pradipta Tapadar.
  8. ^ "Sonia Gandhi gives nod to Left-Congress alliance in Bengal". August 24, 2019.
  9. ^ Soumya Das (February 19, 2019). "Left-Congress alliance in a mess".
  10. ^ Sam Solomon, Jyoti Prasad Chatterjee (May 22, 2016). "CPI-M and Congress alliance to continue in Bengal".
  11. ^ Romita Datta (May 19, 2016). "West Bengal results: It's Mamata all the way, Left-Congress experiment fails".
  12. ^ "West Bengal: Left-Congress alliance weak in arithmetic and chemistry".
  13. ^ "Bengal Congress chief Adhir Chowdhury does not want ISF as an ally in future". The Hindu. PTI. 2021-05-10. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2021-05-15.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ "Samyukta Morcha over, says Yechury; age bar lowered". The Statesman. 14 August 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  15. ^ "CPM: ভোট শেষ, সংযুক্ত মোর্চাও শেষ, স্পষ্ট করলেন Yechury, একতরফা সিদ্ধান্ত: Adhir". Zee 24 Ghanta (in Bengali). 17 September 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Left-Congress alliance in West Bengal Elections 2016, hinted Left leaders". infoelections.
  17. ^ "West Bengal Assembly Election Left Front Candidate List 2016". Infoelection.
  18. ^ "West Bengal Assembly Election Congress Candidate List 2016". Infoelection.
  19. ^ SUHRID SANKAR CHATTOPADHYAY (30 March 2016). "Uniting 'secular, democratic' forces". Kolkata: The Hindu. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Left-Cong-ISF Sanyukta Morcha kick-starts Bengal poll campaign". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 2021-03-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Bengal Elections: Million Plus People at Brigade Rally Heralds Left-Led Sanjukta Morcha". NewsClick. 2021-03-01. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
  22. ^ Left-Backed Congress Candidate Leads Trinamool In Bengal's Sagardighi, retrieved 2023-03-04
  23. ^ Press Conference, retrieved 2023-03-04