Republican Party (Pakistan)

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Republican Party
ریپبلکن پارٹی
Historical leaders
FoundedOctober 1955 (1955-10)
Dissolved1958 (1958)
Split fromMuslim League
IdeologySecularism[1]
Republicanism
Political positionCentre-right[1]

The Pakistani Republican Party was formed in October 1955, by a break away faction of the Muslim League and other politicians supporting the creation of the West Pakistan province, on the instigation of key leaders in the military and civil service.[1] The President of the party was Dr Khan Sahib, Chief Minister of West Pakistan. The main instigator behind this development was Iskander Mirza, the then Governor General of Pakistan. He was the vice president of this party and later became the inaugural President of Pakistan in 1956. The Central Parliamentary Leader was Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (1957 - 1958).[2][3]

West Pakistan (dark green on the left), hoped to be united into one province by ideology of the Republican party, with East Pakistan (dark green on the right), which Feroz Khan Noon, in his career, later Republican party leader governed.[4] (light green disputed Kashmir territory.)

Party leaders[edit]

Punjab[edit]

Nawab Muzaffar Ali Khan Qizilbash, Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry (Gujrat District), Syed Amjad Ali (Lahore District), Sardar Abdul Hamid Khan Dasti (Muzaffargarh District), Col. Syed Abid Hussain (Jhang District), Sardar Amir Azam Khan, Syed Jamil Hussain Rizvi (Gujrat District), Makhdumzada Syed Hassan Mahmud (Rahim Yar Khan District), Mahr Muhammad Sadiq (Faisalabad District), Chaudhri Abdul Ghani Ghuman (Sialkot District), Begum Khudeja G. A. Khan (Faisalabad District), Rukan-ud-Daulah Shamsher Jang Ali-Haj Nawab Sajjad Ali Khan (Gujranwala District).

Sindh[edit]

Kazi Fazllullah Ubedullah (Larkana District), Pirzada Abdus Sattar (Sukkur District), Mirza Mumtaz Hassan Qizilbash (Khairpur Mirs), Haji Mir Ali Ahmed Khan Talpur (Hyderabad District), Haji Najmuddin Laghari sirewal (badin District) and Syed Khair Shah Imam Ali Shah (Nawabshah District).

North-West Frontier Province[edit]

Dr. Khan Sahib, Sardar Abdur Rashid Khan, Khan Jalaluddin Khan Jalal Baba, Khan Nur Muhammad Khan and Khan Sakhi Jan Khan (Bannu District)

Balochistan[edit]

Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti (Dera Bugti), Jam Mir Ghulam Qadir Khan (Lasbela District) Sardar Hafeez and Sardar Waleed Umar Rind (Turbat)

The Ideology of Republicanism[edit]

The Republican Party of Pakistan’s Republican ideology can be interpreted in several ways. The party was made up of many civil servants who favored democratic and new forms of government (including Republicanism)[5]. Civil servants advocated for a stronger central government in the West Pakistan province, the same way that many Republican governments (mainly in the U.S) have seen stronger central governments.[6] Many of the Republican Party’s Military and Civil aligned factions opposed the Islamic Right-wing ideology found in the Muslim League and advocated for Secular forms of government,[3] [7] but at the same time, many of the conservative Republicans in the party leaned to the Centre-right.[8]

One Unit Scheme[edit]

Main Article: One Unit Scheme

A Map of the provinces hoped to be united by the One Unit Scheme/Program

The Republican Party's whole founding ideology differing from the Muslim League was to establish an independent West Pakistani province, it was hoped for a better sense of unity throughout the country, just as the way East Pakistan was one province. The One Unit Scheme would unite the provinces of Balochistan, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad territory into one province known as the West Pakistan province, the one unit scheme ideology of removing inequality between East and West Pakistan by promoting the One Unit program was founded by several statesmen mainly from the Republican Party, and under Mohammad Ali Bogra.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Muslim League: A factional history". Dawn (newspaper). 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  2. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (2017-01-26). "The Muslim League: A factional history". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2021-05-18.
  3. ^ a b "Ahmed, Adeluddin - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  4. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (2014-02-04). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-26490-2.
  5. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (2017-01-26). "The Muslim League: A factional history". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  6. ^ "Opinion | Trump's total authority boast reveals the paradox — and perils — of Trumpism". NBC News. 2020-04-16. Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  7. ^ manishsiq (2023-03-01). "Muslim League, History, Feature, Formation and Objective". Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  8. ^ Paracha, Nadeem F. (2017-01-26). "The Muslim League: A factional history". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2024-01-13.
  9. ^ admin (2003-06-01). "West Pakistan Established as One Unit". Story Of Pakistan. Retrieved 2024-01-13.