Raza Kazim

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Raza Kazim
Born (1930-01-13) 13 January 1930 (age 92)
British India

Raza Kazim (Urdu: رضا کاظِم, born 13 January 1930[1]) is a lawyer, philosopher, inventor and former politician in Pakistan.


He invented a musical instrument, the Sagar Veena,[2] of which his daughter Noor Zehra is the only player in Pakistan, and through her is the grandfather of the famous pop-rock band Noori duo, Ali Noor and Ali Hamza,[3] while another daughter, Baela Raza Jamil, is one of Pakistan's leading educators, with major contributions in the field of education reform.[4] He is also the uncle of actress and model Juggan Kazim.


He began his political career with a protest in his school during the Quit India Movement, in 1942, and joined the Communist Party of Pakistan in 1948 for some time before quitting it for ideological reasons in 1951, while he became a lawyer in 1953, and as an activist has been jailed under Ayyub Khan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as well as Zia-ul-Haq, the first two for refusing to become a minister, and the third for supposedly attempting a coup d'état. He later on abandoned leftist politics and Marxism altogether, after having studied it for some two decades but ultimately writing a "50-page article on gaps in facts and reasoning in dialectical and historical materialism", and now describes himself as a "post-Marxist."[5]

Later activities[edit]

He currently devotes his time to the Sanjan Nagar Institute of Philosophy & Arts, a non-profit organization consisting of a team of fifty (now growing) full-time members working in the fields of Philosophy, Music and Photography. The Institute is currently based in Lahore.

Books and booklets[edit]

  • Notes on theoretical aspects of revolution, 1972.
  • Socialist revolution : the alternative to disaster, 1974.
  • Dictatorship of the urban left : Pakistan's road to socialism, 1974.
  • Pākistānī inqilāb aur Islām, 1976.
  • Raz̤ā Kāẓim : mushāhidāt, 1986.


  1. ^ "Raza Kazim". Foresight Lab. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  2. ^ Nate Rabe (12 June 2016), "Interview: Meet the Lahore lawyer, philosopher and activist who also invented a musical instrument", Scroll.in. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  3. ^ Noori Duo’s Mother Madam Noor Zehra – The Only Sagar Veena Player In The World
  4. ^ Xari Jalil (25 May 2011), "Baela Raza Jamil — profile of an academician", Pakistan Today. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  5. ^ Saroop Ijaz (28 September 2014), "Herald Exclusive: In conversation with Raza Kazim", Dawn News. Retrieved 9 February 2019.