Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress

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Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress
FounderPranab Mukherjee
Split fromIndian National Congress
Merged intoIndian National Congress
Political positionCentre-left
AllianceCongress+ (1986-1989)
Seats in Lok Sabha0
Seats in Rajya Sabha0
Seats in 0

Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (RSC; transl.National Socialist Congress) was a political party in the Indian state of West Bengal from 1986 to 1989. RSC was founded by Indian National Congress leader Pranab Mukherjee who was the former President of India, as a result of the leadership struggle within the Indian National Congress after the demise of Indira Gandhi.[1] Mukherjee was opposed to Rajiv Gandhi being appointed the prime minister of India. He saw himself as the rightful successor to the post due to his seniority within the party and was opposed to the dynastic nature of the transition.[2]

President of India Pranab Mukherjee, then the Finance Minister of India, at Regional Conference of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

The RSC rejoined the INC in 1989 after it was unsuccessful in attracting major political figures to its fold and unable to garner wide support. This may have been due to Mukherjee not being a mass leader and never having contested elections. On his return to the party he was welcomed and again joined the top leadership. Since then he has built up an image of a Nehru–Gandhi family loyalist.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Economics Time 2011-02-25.
  2. ^ India Today 2010-10-25.
  3. ^ Financial Times 2009-05-25.
Mukherjee with then-United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice