Rahim Yar Khan District

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Rahim Yar Khan District
ضلع رحیم یار خان
Rahim Yar Khan
Bhoong masjid.jpg
A trip through Cholistan Desert.jpg
Map of Rahim Yar Khan district is highlighted in red
Map of Rahim Yar Khan district is highlighted in red
Coordinates: 28°25′12″N 70°18′00″E / 28.42000°N 70.30000°E / 28.42000; 70.30000Coordinates: 28°25′12″N 70°18′00″E / 28.42000°N 70.30000°E / 28.42000; 70.30000
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Founded byNawab of Bahawalpur
HeadquartersRahim Yar Khan
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerSyed Musa Raza
 • Distric Police Officer= Asad sarfraz khanN/A
 • District Health OfficerDr Hassan Khan
 • Total11,880 km2 (4,590 sq mi)
 • Total4,800,000
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Gender ratio
60.2 male / 39.8 female
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Rahim Yar Khan District (Urdu, Saraiki: ضلع رحیم یار خان) is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Its headquarters is the city of Rahim Yar Khan.


The district of Rahim Yar Khan is subdivided into four tehsils:


Rahim Yar Khan has had the status of a separate district since 1943. The district derives its name from its headquarters, the city of Rahim Yar Khan, which was known as "Naushehra" until 1881. To avoid confusion with the similarly named city of Nowshera, the ruler of Bahawalpur, Nawab Sadiq Khan IV, renamed it after his first son, Rahim Yar Khan.[3]: 1 


The district lies between 27°40'-29°16' north latitudes and 60°45'-70°01' east longitudes. The riverain area of the district lies close to eastern bank of the river Indus and Panjnad. The Rahim Yar Khan District is bounded on the north by Muzaffargarh District, on the east by Bahawalpur District, on the south by Jaisalmer district (India) and Ghotki District of Sindh province, and on the west by Rajanpur District.

This district is divided into three main physical features: (a) Riverside area, b) canal-irrigated area, and (c) desert area which is called Cholistan. The Riverside area of the district lies close on the southern side of the Indus river mainly falling in the river bed. The canal-irrigated area lies on the south and is separated by main Minchan Bund. The approximate height of the irrigated area is 150 to 200 meters (490 to 655 ft) above sea level. The third part of the area, called Cholistan, lies in the south of the irrigated tract up to the Indo-Pak border. The surface of the desert consists of a succession of sand dunes rising at places to a height of 150 meters (492 ft) and covered with the vegetation peculiar to sandy tracts.


At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 4,807,762, of which 2,461,780 were males and 2,345,413 females. Rural population is 3,776,779 while the urban population is 1,030,983. The literacy rate was 46.62%.[2]


Religion in Rahim Yar Khan District(2017 Census)[4][a]

  Islam (96.5%)
  Hinduism (3.12%)
  Christianity (0.29%)
  Other (0.09%)

Muslims were the predominant religious community with 96.50% of the population while Hindus (including Scheduled Castes) were 3.12% of the population.[2] The Bhagwan Shri Krishna Mandir in Sadiqabad is one of the main Hindu temple in Rahim Yar Khan district.[5] While other minorities like Christians, Ahmadi etc. are very small in number. The proportion of population of Muslims is higher in urban than rural areas.


At the time of the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the distribution of the population of Rahim Yar Khan District by first language was as follows:[6]

The local dialect (see Riasti) belongs to the southern dialect group of Saraiki.[7] Other languages spoken are Bagri/Cholistani and Haryanvi.[citation needed]


The literacy rate in the district is 98% total for the 1st grade level school, locally known as 'graduating the MA full Examination'.[8] One of top ranked universities in Punjab, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology is also located in district Rahim Yar Khan. The Islamia university of Bahawalpur,Rahim yar Khan campus.

Sugar Cane[edit]

Rahim Yar Khan District has recently embraced sugar cane. The area under cultivation of sugar cane increased to 430,000 acres in 2020 from 310,000 acres in 2014-15. Six sugar mills are located in the district.[9]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ Hinduism includes Scheduled Caste Hindus and Islam includes Ahmadiyya; which are counted separately in the Census


  1. ^ Rahim Yar Khan District At A Glance on pbs.gov.pk website Retrieved 12 March 2018
  2. ^ a b c "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ 1998 District Census report of Rahim Yar Khan. Census publication. Vol. 126. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  4. ^ "Rahim Yar Khan District". Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  5. ^ Dharmindar Balach (17 August 2017). "Pakistani Hindus celebrate Janmashtami with fervour". Daily Times. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  6. ^ Census-2017 - Detailed Tables
  7. ^ Wagha, Muhammad Ahsan (1997). The development of Siraiki language in Pakistan (Ph.D.). School of Oriental and African Studies. pp. 229–31. (requires registration).
  8. ^ Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (2014-2015) Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan website, Published March 2016, Retrieved 12 March 2018
  9. ^ Khan, Ahmad Fraz (7 December 2020). "Rahim Yar Khan: riding the cane bandwagon". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 26 December 2020.