Prime Minister of Lithuania

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Prime Minister of Lithuania
Lietuvos ministras pirmininkas
Incumbent
Ingrida Šimonytė
since 11 December 2020
Government of Lithuania
StyleMister/Madam Prime Minister (informal)
His/Her Excellency (diplomatic)
TypeHead of government
AppointerPresident
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderAugustinas Voldemaras
Formation11 November 1918; 105 years ago (1918-11-11)
Abolished1940–1991
Salary€6,000 per month[1]
Websitehttps://ministraspirmininkas.lrv.lt/en/

The prime minister of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Ministras Pirmininkas; lit. "Minister-president")[citation needed] is the head of the government of Lithuania. The prime minister is Lithuania's head of government and is appointed by the president with the assent of the Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas. The modern office of prime minister was established in 1990, when Lithuania declared its independence, although the official title was "Chairperson of the Council of Ministers" until 25 November 1992.

Historically, the title of prime minister was also used between 1918 and 1940. This was during the original Republic of Lithuania, which lasted from the collapse of the Russian Empire until the country's annexation by the Soviet Union.

Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940)[edit]

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office[2] Political party
1 Augustinas Voldemaras
(1883–1942)
1st time
11 November 1918 26 December 1918 Party of National Progress
2 Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
1st time
26 December 1918 5 March 1919 Peasant Union
3 Pranas Dovydaitis
(1886–1942)
13 March 1919 12 April 1919 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
2nd time
12 April 1919 2 October 1919 Peasant Union
4 Ernestas Galvanauskas
(1882–1967)
1st time
7 October 1919 15 June 1920 Independent
5 Kazys Grinius
(1866–1950)
19 June 1920 18 January 1922 Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
(4) Ernestas Galvanauskas
(1882–1967)
2nd time
2 February 1922 17 June 1924 Independent
6 Antanas Tumėnas
(1880–1946)
18 June 1924 27 January 1925 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
7 Vytautas Petrulis
(1890–1942)
4 February 1925 19 September 1925 Farmers' Association
8 Leonas Bistras
(1890–1971)
25 September 1925 31 May 1926 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
3rd time
15 June 1926 17 December 1926 Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
(1) Augustinas Voldemaras
(1883–1942)
2nd time
17 December 1926 19 September 1929 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
9 Juozas Tūbelis
(1882–1939)
23 September 1929 8 June 1934 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
12 June 1934 6 September 1935
6 September 1935 24 March 1938
10 Vladas Mironas
(1880–1953)
24 March 1938 5 December 1938 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
5 December 1938 28 March 1939
11 Jonas Černius
(1898–1977)
28 March 1939 21 November 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
12 Antanas Merkys
(1887–1955)
21 November 1939 15 June 1940 Lithuanian Nationalist Union

Following the ultimatum in June 1940, the forces of Soviet Union entered Lithuania, prompting President Antanas Smetona to flee the country. Antanas Merkys, who assumed the position of acting president in accordance with the constitution, soon announced he had taken over the Presidency on a permanent basis and appointed Justas Paleckis, favored by the Soviet authorities, as the Prime Minister ahead of the "people's government". Merkys soon resigned, allowing Paleckis to assume the post of acting president as well.[3] The presidency of Merkys is not recognized as legitimate in modern Lithuania[4] and Paleckis is not listed as an interwar Prime Minister in government sources.[2]

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political party
Justas Paleckis
(1899–1980)
17 June 1940 24 June 1940
Vincas Krėvė-Mickevičius
(1882–1954)
24 June 1940 1 July 1940

Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1990)[edit]

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Lithuanian SSR
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR

Provisional Government of Lithuania (1941)[edit]

Acting Prime Minister of the Provisional Government

Republic of Lithuania (1990–present)[edit]

List of prime ministers (1990–present)[edit]

From 11 March 1990 after adopting the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.

Political parties and affiliations:   Sąjūdis   LDDP   TS / TS-LKD   LLS   LSDP   LVŽS

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Cabinet Seimas
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Portrait Kazimira Danutė Prunskienė
(born 1943)
17 March
1990
10 January
1991
299 days Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
Prunskienė
Sąjūdis
Supreme Council – Reconstituent Seimas (1990)
2 Portrait Albertas Šimėnas
(born 1950)
10 January
1991
13 January
1991
3 days Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
Šimėnas
Sąjūdis
3 Portrait Gediminas Vagnorius
(born 1957)
13 January
1991
21 July
1992
1 year, 190 days Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
Vagnorius I
Sąjūdis
4 Portrait Aleksandras Abišala
(born 1955)
21 July
1992
26 November
1992
128 days Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
Abišala
Sąjūdis
5 Portrait Bronislovas Lubys
(1938–2011)
12 December
1992
10 March
1993
88 days Independent
(endorsed by Democratic Labour Party)
Lubys
LDDP
6 (1992)
6 Portrait Adolfas Šleževičius
(1948–2022)
10 March
1993
8 February
1996
2 years, 335 days Democratic Labour Party
(LDDP)
Šleževičius
LDDP
7 Laurynas Mindaugas Stankevičius
(1935–2017)
23 February
1996
19 November
1996
270 days Democratic Labour Party
(LDDP)
Stankevičius
LDDP
8 Portrait Gediminas Vagnorius
(born 1957)
4 December
1996
3 May
1999
2 years, 150 days Homeland Union (Conservatives)
(TS)
Vagnorius II
TSLKDP (confidence and supply by LCS)
7 (1996)
9 Portrait Rolandas Paksas
(born 1956)
1 June
1999
27 October
1999
148 days Homeland Union (Conservatives)
(TS)
Paksas I
TSLKDP (confidence and supply by LCS)
10 Portrait Andrius Kubilius
(born 1956)
3 November
1999
19 October
2000
351 days Homeland Union (Conservatives)
(TS)
Kubilius I
TSLKDP (confidence and supply by LCS (1999-2000))
11 Portrait Rolandas Paksas
(born 1956)
27 October
2000
20 June
2001
236 days LLS
(LLS)
Paksas II
LLS-NS-LCS-MKDS-LLRA (confidence and supply by VNDS) (2000-2001)
LLS-NS-LCS-MKDS-LLRA (2001)
8 (2000)
12 Portrait Algirdas Brazauskas
(1932–2010)
4 July
2001
15 November
2004
4 years, 332 days Social Democrats
(LSDP)
Brazauskas I
LSDP-NS
29 November
2004
1 June
2006
Brazauskas II
LSDPDP-LVNDS-NS (2004-2006)
LSDPDP-LVNDS (2006)
LSDP (2006)
9 (2004)
13 Portrait Gediminas Kirkilas
(born 1951)
6 July
2006
17 November
2008
2 years, 134 days Social Democrats
(LSDP)
Kirkilas
LSDP-LVNDS-PDP-LiCS (2006-2007)
LSDP (confidence and supply by Homeland Union (Lithuanian Conservatives)) (2006-2007)
LSDP (2007-2008)
LSDP-LVNDS-LiCS-PDP-NS (2008)
14 Portrait Andrius Kubilius
(born 1956)
9 December
2008
13 December
2012
4 years, 4 days Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats
(TS-LKD)
Kubilius II
TS-LKD-TPP-LRLS-LiCS (2008–2009 and 2010–2011)
TS-LKD-TPP-LRLS-LiCS-Parliamentary Group "One Lithuania" (2009–2010)
TS-LKD-LRLS-LiCS (supported by LVNDS (2010)) (2011–2012)
10 (2008)
15 Portrait Algirdas Butkevičius
(born 1958)
13 December
2012
13 December
2016
4 years, 0 days Social Democratic
(LSDP)
Butkevičius
LSDP-DP-TT-LLRA (2012–2014)
LSDP-DP-TT (2014–2016)
11 (2012)
16 Portrait Saulius Skvernelis
(born 1970)
13 December
2016
11 December
2020
3 years, 364 days Independent
(endorsed by Farmers and Greens Union
Skvernelis
LVŽS-LSDP (2016-2017)
LVŽS (confidence and supply by Social Democratic Labour parliamentary group) (2017-2018)
LVŽS-LSDDP (confidence and supply by TT) (2018–2019)
LVŽS-LSDDP-LLRA-KŠS-TT (2019)
LVŽS-LSDDP-LLRA-KŠS (confidence and supply by Parliamentary Group "For the Welfare of Lithuania (2019-2020) and Christian Union (2020)) (2019–2020)
12 (2016)
17 Portrait Ingrida Šimonytė
(born 1974)
11 December
2020
Incumbent 3 years, 126 days Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats
(TS-LKD)
Šimonytė
TS-LKD-LRLS-LP
13 (2020)

See also[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Ingrida ŠimonytėSaulius SkvernelisAlgirdas ButkevičiusGediminas KirkilasAlgirdas BrazauskasAndrius KubiliusRolandas PaksasLaurynas StankevičiusAdolfas ŠleževičiusBronislovas LubysAleksandras AbišalaGediminas VagnoriusAlbertas ŠimėnasKazimira PrunskienėVytautas SakalauskasRingaudas SongailaJuozas ManiušisMotiejus ŠumauskasJuozas AmbrazevičiusMečislovas GedvilasVincas Krėvė-MickevičiusJustas PaleckisAntanas MerkysJonas ČerniusVladas MironasJuozas TūbelisLeonas BistrasVytautas PetrulisAntanas TumėnasKazys GriniusErnestas GalvanauskasPranas DovydaitisMykolas SleževičiusAugustinas Voldemaras

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Darbo užmokestis".
  2. ^ a b "Ankstesnės Vyriausybės. Laikotarpiu 1918-1940". Government of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  3. ^ Senn, Alfred Erich (2007). Lithuania 1940: Revolution from Above. Rodopi. pp. 147–148. ISBN 9789042022256. Retrieved 9 May 2016.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  4. ^ "History". President of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 9 May 2016.

External links[edit]