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The Ukraine Portal - Портал України

Україна (Ukrainian)
ISO 3166 codeUA

Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, romanized: Ukraïna, pronounced [ʊkrɐˈjinɐ] (listen)) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest European country after Russia, which it borders to the east and northeast. It is also bordered by Belarus to the north; by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; and by Romania and Moldova to the southwest; with a coastline along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast. Kyiv is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Dnipro, Kharkiv, and Odesa. Ukraine's official language is Ukrainian; Russian is also widely spoken, especially in the east and south.

During the Middle Ages, Ukraine was the site of early Slavic expansion and the area later became a key centre of East Slavic culture under the state of Kievan Rus', which emerged in the 9th century. The state eventually disintegrated into rival regional powers and was ultimately destroyed by the Mongol invasions of the 13th century. The area was then contested, divided, and ruled by a variety of external powers for the next 600 years, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Austrian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Tsardom of Russia. The Cossack Hetmanate emerged in central Ukraine in the 17th century, but was partitioned between Russia and Poland, and ultimately absorbed by the Russian Empire. Ukrainian nationalism developed, and following the Russian Revolution in 1917, the short-lived Ukrainian People's Republic was formed. The Bolsheviks consolidated control over much of the former empire and established the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union when it was formed in 1922. In the early 1930s, millions of Ukrainians died in the Holodomor, a human-made famine. The German occupation during World War II in Ukraine was devastating, and seven million Ukrainian civilians were killed, including the majority of Ukrainian Jews.

Ukraine gained independence in 1991 as the Soviet Union dissolved, and declared itself neutral. A new constitution was adopted in 1996. A series of mass demonstrations, known as the Euromaidan, led to the establishment of a new government in 2014 after a revolution. Russia then unilaterally annexed Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula; and pro-Russian unrest culminated in a war in the Donbas between Russian-backed separatists and government forces in eastern Ukraine. Since the outbreak of war with Russia, Ukraine has continued to seek closer ties with the United States, European Union, and NATO. Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

Ukraine is a unitary state with a semi-presidential system. Although a developing country it is the poorest country in Europe by nominal GDP per capita, and corruption remains a significant issue. However, due to its extensive fertile land, pre-war Ukraine was one of the largest grain exporters in the world. It is a founding member of the United Nations, as well as a member of the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, and the OSCE. It is in the process of joining the European Union and has submitted an application for NATO membership. (Full article...)

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Sviatoslav by Eugene Lanceray 1886.JPG
Sviatoslav I by Eugene Lanceray (1886)

Sviatoslav or Syatoslav I Igorevich (Old East Slavic: Ст҃ославъ, Свѧтославъ Игорєвичь, romanized: Svętoslavŭ Igorevičǐ; Old Norse: Sveinald; 943 – 26 March 972) was Grand Prince of Kiev known for his persistent campaigns in the east and south, which precipitated the collapse of two great powers of Eastern Europe, Khazaria and the First Bulgarian Empire. He conquered numerous East Slavic tribes, defeated the Alans and attacked the Volga Bulgars, and at times was allied with the Pechenegs and Magyars (Hungarians).

His decade-long reign over the Kievan Rus' was marked by rapid expansion into the Volga River valley, the Pontic steppe, and the Balkans. By the end of his short life, Sviatoslav carved out for himself the largest state in Europe, eventually moving his capital in 969 from Kiev (modern-day Ukraine) to Pereyaslavets (identified as the modern village of Nufăru, Romania) on the Danube. (Full article...)
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In the news

8 June 2023 – Russian invasion of Ukraine
Attacks on civilians in the Russian invasion of Ukraine
Russian forces shell Kherson, injuring nine civilians near an evacuation point in a part of the city flooded after the destruction of the Kakhovka dam. (The New York Times)
6 June 2023 – Russian invasion of Ukraine
Destruction of the Kakhovka Dam
The Nova Kakhovka dam in the Russian-occupied part of Ukraine's Kherson Oblast is destroyed, releasing a huge amount of water downstream on the Dnieper. The dam had held back 18 cubic kilometres of water in the Kakhovka reservoir. (Reuters)
Thousands of civilians are being evacuated from the town of Nova Kakhovka and surrounding villages as the floods spread. (BBC News)
6 June 2023 – 2023 Africa CEO Forum
Africa's largest gathering of business leaders with heads of state, draws 1,800 from 70 countries to discuss advancing African business, post-COVID-19 supply chain issues, and Africa's food crisis from the Russian invasion of Ukraine. (The Africa Report)
5 June 2023 – Russian invasion of Ukraine
2023 Belgorod Oblast incursions
The Russian Volunteer Corps claims to have captured the village of Novaya Tavolzhanka in the Belgorod region of Russia. The governor of Belgorod, Vyacheslav Gladkov, says that about 100 civilians are still trapped in the village and cannot be evacuated because of continued shelling. (Novaya Gazeta Europe)
Wagner Group mercenaries publish a video of a captured Russian commander claiming that he had ordered his troops to fire on a Wagner convoy leaving Bakhmut. (The Guardian)
3 June 2023 – Russian invasion of Ukraine
Attacks on civilians in the Russian invasion of Ukraine

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