Portal:Nigeria

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The Nigeria Portal

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Nigeria (/nˈɪəriə/ Listen), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It is geographically situated between the Sahel to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of 923,769 square kilometres (356,669 sq mi), and with a population of over 218 million, it is the most populous country in Africa, and the world’s sixth-most populous country. Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

Nigeria has been home to several indigenous pre-colonial states and kingdoms since the second millennium BC, with the Nok civilization in the 15th century BC, marking the first internal unification in the country. The modern state originated with British colonialization in the 19th century, taking its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914 by Lord Lugard. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms in the Nigeria region. Nigeria became a formally independent federation on 1 October 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970, followed by a succession of military dictatorships and democratically elected civilian governments until achieving a stable democracy in the 1999 presidential election. The 2015 general election was the first time an incumbent president would lose re-election. (Full article...)

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Nigerian nationalism asserts that Nigerians are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Nigerians. Nigerian nationalism is territorial nationalism and emphasizes a cultural connection of the people to the land, particularly the Niger and the Benue Rivers. It first emerged in the 1920s under the influence of Herbert Macaulay, who is considered to be the founder of Nigerian nationalism. It was founded because of the belief in the necessity for the people living in the British colony of Nigeria of multiple backgrounds to unite as one people to be able to resist colonialism. The people of Nigeria came together as they recognized the discrepancies of British policy. "The problem of ethnic nationalism in Nigeria came with the advent of colonialism. This happened when disparate, autonomous, heterogeneous and sub- national groups were merged to form a nation. Again, the colonialists created structural imbalances within the nation in terms of socio-economic projects, social development and establishment of administrative centres. This imbalance deepened the antipathies between the various ethnic nationalities in Nigeria (Nnoli, 1980; Young, 1993, and Aluko, 1998)." The Nigerian nationalists' goal of achieving an independent sovereign state of Nigeria was achieved in 1960 when Nigeria declared its independence and British colonial rule ended. Nigeria's government has sought to unify the various peoples and regions of Nigeria since the country's independence in 1960.

Nigerian nationalism has been negatively affected by multiple historical episodes of ethnic violence and repression of certain ethnic groups by the Nigerian government between the various peoples has resulted in multiple secessionist movements demanding independence from Nigeria. However aside from instances of extremism, most Nigerians continue to peacefully coexist with each other, and a common Nigerian identity has been fostered amongst the more-educated and affluent Nigerians as well as amongst the many Nigerians who leave small homogeneous ethnic communities to seek economic opportunities in the cities where the population is ethnically mixed. For instance many southerners migrate to the north to trade or work while a number of northerner seasonal workers and small-scale entrepreneurs go to the south.

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NigerZinderNiameyBurkina FasoBeninAtlantic OceanCameroonPorto NovoGarouaChadChadLake ChadAbujaSokoto StateKebbi StateZamfara StateKatsina StateJigawa StateYobe StateBorno StateKano StateBauchi StateGombe StateAdamawa StatePlateau StateTaraba StateKaduna StateNasarawa StateBenue StateNiger StateKwara StateOyo StateOgun StateLagos StateKogi StateOsun StateEkiti StateOndo StateEdo StateEbonyi StateDelta StateBayelsa StateRivers StateImo StateAbia StateCross River StateFederal Capital Territory (Nigeria)Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)Anambra StateAnambra StateEnugu StateEnugu StateAkwa Ibom StateAkwa Ibom StatePort HarcourtBenin CityLagosIbadanKadunaKanoMaiduguriA clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
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A clickable map of Nigeria showing its 36 states and the federal capital territory

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Agnes Yewande Savage
Agnes Yewande Savage (21 February 1906 – 1964) was a Nigerian medical doctor and the first West African woman to train and qualify in orthodox medicine. Savage was the first West African woman to receive a university degree in medicine, graduating with first-class honours from the University of Edinburgh in 1929 at the age of 23. In 1933, Sierra Leonean political activist and higher education pioneer, Edna Elliott-Horton became the second West African woman university graduate and the first to earn a bachelor's degree in the liberal arts.

Nigeria News

19 July 2022 –
The Nigerian government announces that Nigeria will develop a vaccine for lassa fever, a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the lassa virus. (Premium Times)
8 July 2022 –
Seventeen people are dead after a boat carried into a barge by the tide and capsize in Lagos, Nigeria. (Al Jazeera)
6 July 2022 – Boko Haram insurgency
Islamist militants attack a prison near Abuja, Nigeria, freeing 879 of the medium-security prison's 994 inmates. One prison guard is killed and three others are injured in the attack. (The Guardian)
2 July 2022 – Nigerian bandit conflict
At least 30 people are killed in an ambush in Shiroro, Niger State, Nigeria. (Reuters)
29 June 2022 – Nigerian bandit conflict
Several miners including four Chinese nationals are kidnapped by terrorists in Shiroro, Niger State, Nigeria. (Al Jazeera)
26 June 2022 –
Nigeria's Zamfara State begins issuing firearms licenses to citizens so that they can defend themselves from bandit gangs. (Reuters)
Nigeria news from Wikinews...

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2009 Northwest Airlines Flight 253 bombing attemptAfrican GiantAfrobeatsBrymoDavidoEmeka OgbohEmergency (WizzyPro song)EnuguFinally (D'banj song)Flavor (Iyanya song)Funmilayo Ransome-KutiGilbert Thomas CarterHakeem OlajuwonIgbo peopleKingdom of NriLeyland LandtrainMama Africa (Yemi Alade album)Nigeria AirwaysNigeria EduSat-1Nigeria at the 2018 Winter OlympicsOutside (Burna Boy album)OṣóSexy MamaTiwa SavageUgochukwu-Smooth NzewiWizkidYemi Odubade

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  • The main place for Wikipedians to collaborate on all things related to Nigeria is at WikiProject Nigeria, which has 143 participants. Please join us there!
  • There is also a Wikimedia user group that coordinates Meetups and other in-person events in Nigeria; its page is at m:Wikimedia User Group Nigeria

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