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Portal:Islam

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Welcome to... al-Islam Portal
A portal for Wikipedia's Islam-related resources.
17,534 articles in English.
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Introduction

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Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: الإسلام, romanizedal-ʿIslām [ɪsˈlaːm] (listen), transl. "Submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion, centred primarily around the Quran, a religious text that is considered by Muslims to be the direct word of God (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main and final Islamic prophet. It is the world's second-largest religion behind Christianity, with more than two billion followers, comprising around 25 percent of the global population. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through various prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs, with the Quran serving as the final, universal revelation and Muhammad serving as the "Seal of the Prophets" (the last prophet of God). The teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) documented in traditional collected accounts (hadith) provide a secondary constitutional model for Muslims to follow after the Quran.

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times through earlier prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, among others; these earlier revelations are attributed to Judaism and Christianity, which are regarded in Islam as spiritual predecessor faiths. They also consider the Quran, when preserved in Classical Arabic, to be the unaltered and final revelation of God to humanity. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a Final Judgement wherein the righteous will be rewarded in paradise (Jannah) and the unrighteous will be punished in hell (Jahannam). Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are considered to be obligatory acts of worship, as well as following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society from banking and finance and welfare to women's roles and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam, in descending order: Masjid al-Haram, Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Al-Aqsa Mosque.

From a historical point of view, Islam originated in the early 7th century CE in the Arabian Peninsula, near Mecca. Through various caliphates, the religion later spread outside of Arabia shortly after Muhammad's death, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate had imposed Islamic rule from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to the Indus Valley in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the reign of the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various states and caliphates such as the Ottoman Empire, extensive trade, and religious conversion as a result of Islamic missionary activities (dawah). (Full article...)

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In this month

Islam Karimov

Islam in the news

9 August 2022 – Islamist insurgency in the Sahel
Fifteen troops are killed when their vehicle hits a roadside bomb in Bam Province, Burkina Faso. (Reuters)
9 August 2022 –
A man is arrested for the killings of three Pakistani men last month and for the murder of an Afghan man in November 2021 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States. The alleged killer targeted the victims “because he was angry over his daughter marrying a Shiite Muslim”; all the victims were Shiite. (Al Jazeera)
7 August 2022 – Gaza–Israel conflict
Israel and the Islamic Jihad sign a ceasefire agreement for the Gaza Strip. (CNN)
7 August 2022 – Islamist insurgency in the Sahel
Mali War
Seventeen soldiers and four civilians are killed during an attack near the town of Tessit by Islamic State in the Greater Sahara gunmen. Seven of the attackers are also killed. (Al Jazeera)
7 August 2022 – Ituri conflict, 2021–2022 Democratic Republic of the Congo attacks
Twenty people are killed when suspected Islamists attack two villages in Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Reuters)

Selected biography

Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan served as United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, KBE (Persian: صدرالّدين آغا خان, Ṣadr ad-Dīn Āghā Khān) (17 January 1933 – 12 May 2003) served as United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from 1966 to 1978, during which he reoriented the agency's focus beyond Europe and prepared it for an explosion of complex refugee issues. He was also a proponent of greater collaboration between non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and UN agencies. The Prince's interest in ecological issues led him to establish the Bellerive Foundation in the late 1970s, and he was a knowledgeable and respected collector of Islamic art. Born in Paris, France, he was the son of Sir Sultan Mahomed Shah Aga Khan and Princess Andrée Aga Khan. He married twice, but had no children of his own. Prince Sadruddin died of cancer at the age of 70, and was buried in Switzerland.

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Joint capture of Bari by Franco-Lombard troops and Croatian ships

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Islam

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AhmadiyyaShi'a IslamSunni IslamHadithSalafMuslim scholarsIslam and ControversyMuslim historyMosquesLinks Cleanup

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The name of the 12th Shiite Imam as it appears in calligraphy at the Prophet's mosque, Masjid Nabawai in Madina
Whenever an authority disappears, another one appears; and if a star sets, another one rises.

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