Portal:Costa Rica

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The Costa Rica Portal

Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica  (Spanish)
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Costa Rica"
ISO 3166 codeCR

Costa Rica (UK: /ˌkɒstə ˈrkə/, US: /ˌkstə/ (listen); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and maritime border with Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million0 in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It has a long-standing and stable democracy and a highly educated workforce. The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.

Costa Rica was inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army. (Full article...)

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From top, left to right: Skyline of San José, La Sabana Park, southeastern face of the National Museum, National Theatre, Morazán Park, the Edificio Metálico, entrance of the National Museum, Paseo Colón avenue, Metropolitan Cathedral

San José (Spanish: [saŋ xoˈse]; meaning "Saint Joseph") is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is in the center of the country, in the mid-west of the Central Valley, within San José Canton. San José is Costa Rica's seat of national government, focal point of political and economic activity, and major transportation hub. San José Canton's population was 288,054 in 2011, and San José's municipal land area is 44.2 square kilometers (17.2 square miles), with an estimated 333,980 residents in 2015. Together with several other cantons of the central valley, including Alajuela, Heredia and Cartago, it forms the country's Greater Metropolitan Area, with an estimated population of over 2 million in 2017. The city is named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth.

Founded in 1736 by order of Cabildo de León, the population of San José rose during the 18th century through the use of colonial planning. It has historically been a city of strategic importance, having been the capital of Costa Rica three times. More than a million people pass through it daily. It is home to the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, the National Theatre of Costa Rica, and La Sabana Metropolitan Park. Juan Santamaría International Airport serves the city. (Full article...)

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...that the Landmarks Foundation helps conserve sacred sites such as the stone spheres of Costa Rica and the moai of Easter Island?

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Costa Rica news

8 July 2022 –
Costa Rican President Rodrigo Chaves Robles says that his country will apply to join the Pacific Alliance. (Today)
2 July 2022 – 2022 Atlantic hurricane season
Tropical Storm Bonnie makes landfall near the Costa Rica–Nicaragua border. The storm subsequently crosses over from the Atlantic basin to the Pacific basin, becoming the first storm to do so since Hurricane Otto in 2016. One person is reported missing in Trinidad and Tobago. (National Hurricane Center) (Newsday)
30 June 2022 – 2022 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane watches are issued for Nicaragua and Costa Rica as Potential Tropical Cyclone Two is expected to form into Tropical Storm Bonnie in the coming hours. (WMBF-TV)
31 May 2022 –
A major cyberattack hits the Costa Rican Social Security Fund, forcing the ministry to shut down its digital database and endangering the country's healthcare system. (Reuters)
7 April 2022 –
A DHL Boeing 757-200 cargo plane breaks into two parts after making an emergency landing at the Juan Santamaría International Airport in San José, Costa Rica. No one is injured. (Reuters)
3 April 2022 – 2022 Costa Rican general election
Voters in Costa Rica head to the polls to vote in the second round of the presidential election. (TSE)
Costa Rica news from Wikinews...

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