Portal:Central America

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The Central America Portal

Map of Central America

Central America (Spanish: América Central [aˈmeɾika senˈtɾal] (listen) or Centroamérica [sentɾoaˈmeɾika] (listen)) is a region of North America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Their combined population is estimated at 52.18 million (2022).

Central America is the southern portion of the continent of North America. It is also a part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala to central Panama. Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arc, there is a great deal of seismic activity in the region, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, which has resulted in death, injury and property damage. (Full article...)

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Panamanian Male Adult Howler Monkey.jpg

The mantled howler (Alouatta palliata) is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, from Central and South America. It is one of the monkey species most often seen and heard in the wild in Central America. It takes its "mantled" name from the long guard hairs on its sides.

The mantled howler is one of the largest Central American monkeys, and males can weigh up to 9.8 kg (22 lb). It is the only Central American monkey that eats large quantities of leaves; it has several adaptations to this folivorous diet. Since leaves are difficult to digest and provide less energy than most foods, the mantled howler spends the majority of each day resting and sleeping. The male mantled howler has an enlarged hyoid bone, a hollow bone near the vocal cords, which amplifies the calls made by the male, and is the reason for the name "howler". Howling allows the monkeys to locate each other without expending energy on moving or risking physical confrontation. (Full article...)

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In the news

30 July 2022 –
One person is wounded in an assassination attempt on President of Guatemala Alejandro Giammattei. The president is unharmed. (ABC)
28 July 2022 –
Fifteen people are killed and 47 others are injured after a bus crash in Esteli, Nicaragua. (Reuters)
24 July 2022 –
Police in Honduras intensify their crackdown on gangs in response to last week's murder of the son of former president Porfirio Lobo Sosa. (Diario El Salvador)
16 July 2022 –
Protests continue in Panama with road and railways blockades, after protesters rejected president Laurentino Cortizo's concessions. (La Prensa)
12 July 2022 –
Protesters in Panama continue blocking streets and railways, mainly in Chiriquí and Veraguas Provinces, rejecting the concession by president Laurentino Cortizo of freezing fuel prices. (TeleMetro)
9 July 2022 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Guatemala


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