Portal:Catholic Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svgCatholic Church PortalPope Francis in March 2013 (cropped).jpg
Main page   Pontifex Maximus   The town and the world

Introduction

Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide . As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church consists of 24 particular churches and almost 3,500 dioceses and eparchies around the world. The pope, who is the bishop of Rome, is the chief pastor of the church. The bishopric of Rome, known as the Holy See, is the central governing authority of the church. The administrative body of the Holy See, the Roman Curia, has its principal offices in Vatican City, a small enclave of the Italian city of Rome, of which the pope is head of state.

The core beliefs of Catholicism are found in the Nicene Creed. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter, upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ. It maintains that it practises the original Christian faith taught by the apostles, preserving the faith infallibly through scripture and sacred tradition as authentically interpreted through the magisterium of the church. The Latin Church, the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.

Of its seven sacraments, the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass. The church teaches that through consecration by a priest, the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. The Virgin Mary is venerated as the Perpetual Virgin, Mother of God, and Queen of Heaven; she is honoured in dogmas and devotions. Catholic social teaching emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. The Catholic Church operates thousands of Catholic schools, universities and colleges, hospitals, and orphanages around the world, and is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world. Among its other social services are numerous charitable and humanitarian organisations. (Full article...)

Selected article

Portal Catholicism Article.gif


Holy Name Cathedral on State Street in Chicago

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. The Archdiocese of Chicago is one of the largest dioceses in the nation by population and comprises Cook and Lake counties, covering 1,411 square miles (3,653 km²) of Illinois. The original Diocese of Chicago was created on November 28, 1842, and was elevated to the status of an archdiocese on September 10, 1880. On September 27, 1908, the Diocese of Rockford was broken off from the Archdiocese, and to create the Diocese of Joliet in Illinois on December 11, 1948, territory was taken from the Peoria, Rockford and Chicago dioceses. The Archbishop of Chicago concurrently serves as the metropolitan bishop of the Ecclesiastical Province of Chicago, whose suffragan bishops are the bishops of Belleville, Joliet, Peoria, Rockford, and Springfield.
Read more...

Selected image

Selected biography

Portal Catholicism Biography.gif


Thurstan, or Turstin (c. 1070–February 6, 1140) was a medieval Archbishop of York. The son of a priest, he served King William II of England and King Henry I of England before his election to the see of York in 1114. Once elected, his consecration was delayed for five years while he fought attempts by the Archbishop of Canterbury to assert authority over York. Eventually, he was consecrated by the pope and allowed to return to England. While archbishop, he secured two new suffragan bishops for his province. When King Henry I died, Thurstan supported Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois as king. Thurstan also defended the northern part of England from invasion by the Scots, taking a leading part in organizing the English forces at the Battle of the Standard. Shortly before his death, Thurstan resigned from his see and took the habit of a Cluniac monk.Thurstan was the son of a canon of St Paul's in London named Anger or Auger who held the prebend of Cantlers. Another son of Anger, Audoen, was later Bishop of Évreux.
Read more...

Did you know...

Portal Catholicism DYK.gif


The altar at Saints Peter and Paul Church in Kraków

Related portals

Feast Day of August 9

Portal Catholicism Saint.gif


Photo of Edith Stein 1938 or 1939
Edith Stein (religious name Saint Teresia Benedicta a Cruce OCD; also known as Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross or Saint Edith Stein; 12 October 1891 – 9 August 1942) was a German Jewish philosopher who converted to Christianity and became a Discalced Carmelite nun. She is canonized as a martyr and saint of the Catholic Church; she is also one of six patron saints of Europe.

She was born into an observant Jewish family, but had become an agnostic by her teenage years. Moved by the tragedies of World War I, in 1915, she took lessons to become a nursing assistant and worked in an infectious diseases hospital. After completing her doctoral thesis at the University of Freiburg in 1916, she obtained an assistantship there. (Full article...)
Attributes: Yellow Star of David on a Discalced Carmelite nun's habit, flames, a book
Patronage: Europe; loss of parents; converted Jews; martyrs; World Youth Day
See also: Candida Maria of Jesus

Selected quote

Portal Catholism quote.jpg



News

Portal catholicsim news.gif


August
"Immaculate Heart of Mary"
Image of 19th century painting.
29 July 2022 – Visit by Pope Francis to Canada
Pope Francis visits Iqaluit in Nunavut to apologize for the past abuse and cultural suppression at Catholic residential schools in Canada. The visit is his final stop on his Canada trip. (CBC)
25 July 2022 – Canada–Holy See relations
2022 visit by Pope Francis to Canada
Thousands of Indigenous people gather in Maskwacis, Alberta, to hear an apology from Pope Francis for the past abuse and cultural suppression at Catholic residential schools across Canada. (AP)
14 July 2022 – Capital punishment in South Korea
In South Korea, the Constitutional Court begins deliberations on abolishing the death penalty upon an appeal by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Korea. South Korea currently has a moratorium on the issue, having not hanged a death row inmate in the past 25 years. (South China Morning Post)

Subcategories

Topics

Particular Churches (grouped by liturgical rite):

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Discover Wikipedia using portals