Bulgaria (/bʌlˈɡɛəriə, bʊl-/ (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the eastern flank of the Balkans, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas.
Bulgaria is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 56th in the Human Development Index. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and is largely based on services, followed by industry—especially machine building and mining—and agriculture. Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018. The country also faces a demographic crisis, with its population shrinking annually since around 1990; it currently numbers roughly seven million, down from a peak of nearly nine million in 1988. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; it is also a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times. (Full article...)
Image 1Rila is a mountain in West Bulgaria
Image 2Maritsa is a river in South Bulgaria.
Image 3A beach in Bulgaria.
Image 4Razgrad is a city in East Bulgaria.
Image 5Danube river in Bulgaria
Image 6Varna lake is a salt lake near Black sea.
Image 7Sofia is the bigest city in Bulgaria
A view of the Roman theatre situated in the old quarter of Plovdiv, Bulgaria's second largest city.
More selected pictures • Read more...
More Did you know facts
Requested articles • Birth rate in Bulgaria (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 1992 (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 2001 (bg) • Census of Bulgaria, 2011 (bg) • Bulgarian architecture (bg) • Bulgarian gardeners • Totyu Mladenov (bg) • Alexander Tsvetkov (bg) • Nona Karadzhova (bg) • Stefan Konstantinov (bg) • Minko Gerdzhikov (bg) • Nikolay Liliev (bg) • Teodor Trayanov (bg) • Bulgarian dress • Pliska–Preslav culture (bg) • Evgeni Tanchev (bg) • Plamen Paskov (bg) • BulMag (bg) • Zamunda.net (bg) • Tsveta Galunova (bg) • Tsoncho Ganev (bg) • Nikolay Drenchev (bg)
Expand • Dulo clan • Yantra River • Nestinarstvo • Vrana Palace • Pliska • Gate of Trajan • Georgi Ivanov • Georgi Benkovski • Ekaterina Dafovska • Name days in Bulgaria • Evlogi Georgiev • Sliven • Shumen • Shishman dynasty
Requested images • Klokotnitsa • Naftex Stadium • Palitsi • Vrana Palace • Dimitar Petkov
Further information • WikiProject Bulgaria • Bulgarian Collaboration Project • Translation into English/Bulgarian
The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject: