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Flag of Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh

Emblem of Bangladesh
Emblem of Bangladesh
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Bangladesh (/ˌbæŋɡləˈdɛʃ, ˌbɑːŋ-/; Bengali: বাংলাদেশ, pronounced [ˈbaŋlaˌdeʃ] ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most-populous and among the most densely populated countries, with a population of around 169 million in an area of 148,460 square kilometres (57,320 sq mi). Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's political, financial and cultural centre. Chittagong, the second-largest city, is the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal. The official language is Bengali.

A middle power in the Indo-Pacific, Bangladesh is home to the sixth-most spoken language in the world, the third-largest Muslim-majority population in the world, and the second-largest economy in South Asia. It maintains the third-largest military in the region and is the largest contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system. Bengalis make up 99% of the total population. The country consists of eight divisions, 64 districts and 495 subdistricts, as well as the world's largest mangrove forest. It hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world due to the Rohingya genocide. Bangladesh faces many challenges, particularly corruption, political instability, overpopulation and effects of climate change. Bangladesh has been a leader within the Climate Vulnerable Forum. It hosts the headquarters of BIMSTEC. It is a founding member of SAARC, as well as a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Nations. (Full article...)

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Bangladesh News

28 September 2023 – 2023 dengue outbreak in Bangladesh
Nearly 1,000 people have died of dengue fever in Bangladesh in recent weeks, in the country's most severe outbreak of the disease so far. (BBC News)
16 July 2023 –
At least four people are killed and seven others are hospitalized when a water bus carrying 20 passengers capsizes in the Buriganga River near Dhaka, Bangladesh. A rescue operation is ongoing. (Reuters via Hindustan Times)
7 July 2023 – Rohingya genocide
Six Rohingya refugees are killed at the Kutupalong camp in Ukhia, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, amidst clashes between rival insurgent groups, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army and Rohingya Solidarity Organisation. (AFP via The Manila Times)
4 July 2023 –
The Directorate General of Health Services in Bangladesh reports the highest single-day count of dengue cases this year, with 678 new infections, primarily in Dhaka. (Xinhua via The Manila Times)
7 June 2023 –
Fifteen people are killed in a crash between a bus and a truck in Dakshin Surma Upazila, Sylhet District, Bangladesh. (IndianExpress) 

Where in Bangladesh...

Evidence of the rise of Mahayana Buddhism in Bengal from the 7th century onwards, Somapura Mahavihara, or the Great Monastery, was a renowned intellectual centre until the 12th century. Ruins of this Buddhist Vihara has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Do you know where in Bangladesh is Somapura Mahavihara?

Somapura Mahavihara
Somapura Mahavihara is located in the Paharpur village in Naogaon District under Rajshahi Division in the North-east part of Bangladesh.

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Mujibur Rahman
Mujibur Rahman

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবর রহমান; March 17, 1920 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান Shekh Mujibur Rôhman; March 17, 1920 – August 15, 1975) was a Bengali political leader in East Pakistan and the founding leader of Bangladesh. He headed the Awami League, served as the first President of Bangladesh and later became its Prime Minister. He is popularly referred to as Sheikh Mujib, and with the honorary title of Bangabandhu (বঙ্গবন্ধু Bôngobondhu, "Friend of Bengal"). His eldest daughter Sheikh Hasina Wajed is the present leader of the Awami League and a former prime minister of Bangladesh.

A student political leader, Mujib rose in East Pakistani politics and within the ranks of the Awami League as a charismatic and forceful orator. An advocate of socialism, Mujib became popular for his leadership against the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis. He demanded increased provincial autonomy, and became a fierce opponent of the military rule of Ayub Khan. At the heightening of sectional tensions, Mujib outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, which was seen as separatism in West Pakistan. He was tried in 1968 for allegedly conspiring with the Indian government but was not found guilty. Despite leading his party to a major victory in the 1970 elections, Mujib was not invited to form the government.

After talks broke down with President Yahya Khan and West Pakistani politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Mujib was arrested and a guerrilla war erupted between government forces and Bengali nationalists aided by India. An all out war between the Pakistan Army and Bangladesh-India Joint Forces led to the establishment of Bangladesh, and after his release Mujib assumed office as a provisional president, and later prime minister. Even as a constitution was adopted, proclaiming socialism and a secular democracy, Mujib struggled to address the challenges of intense poverty and unemployment, coupled with rampant corruption. Amidst rising popular agitation, he banned other political parties and declared himself president for life in 1975. After only seven months, Mujib was assassinated along with his family by a group of army officers. (more...)

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Hakim Habibur Rahman

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