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|Kingdom of Phulra|
|Princely state of Pakistan|
Map of Pakistan with Phulra highlighted
|98 km2 (38 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Pakistan|
· Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
|Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa|
|This article is part of the series|
|Former administrative units of Pakistan|
Phulra or Kingdom of Phulra (ریاست پھلڑا) was a Muslim princely state in the days of British Raj and ruled by the Tanoli tribe of Mughal Barlas confederation, located in the region of the North West Frontier to the east of the nearby parent princely state of Amb (Tanawal).
The territory covered by the state remains part of the present-day Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, as a Union Council of the tehsil of Mansehra.
The state was founded in 1828, when Mir Painda Khan Tanoli, the ruler of Amb, granted the area of Phulra as a small principality to his brother, Maddad Khan Tanoli. There is some uncertainty as to whether Phulra ranked as a full princely state of India before 1919, and until then it may have had the status of a feudatory landed estate or jagir, but it was given British imperial state recognition as Phulra was recognised as a princely state in 1919 and 1921, in the official Imperial Gazetteer of Indian Empire. Phulrah had been under suzerainty of the Raja of Kashmir until 1889, when it accepted a British protectorate, entering into a subsidiary alliance with British India.
In 1947, soon after the British had departed from the Indian subcontinent, the last ruler of Phulra signed an Instrument of Accession to the new Dominion of Pakistan, and Phulra was a princely state of Pakistan from then until September 1950, when it was incorporated into the North West Frontier Province following the death of its last ruler.
The state was ruled by a collateral line of the hereditary Tanoli Nawabs (rulers) of Amb. Amb and Phulra together were sometimes referred to as "Feudal Tanawal".
|Tenure||Nawabs of Phulra|
|1810-1818||Mir Nawab Khan Tanoli|
|Khan Maddad Khan Tanoli|
|1858-1890||Khan Abdullah Khan Tanoli|
|1890-1908||Khan Abdul (Abdur) Rahman Khan Tanoli|
|1908-1932||Nawab Ata Muhammad Khan Tanoli (1879–1932) State was founded.|
|1932-1950||Nawab Abdul Latif Khan Tanoli (1907–1950)|
|September 1950||State of Phulra abolished|
Descendants of Maddad Khan
Maddad Khan, the original Khan of Phulra, had two branches of offspring i.e. a senior branch and a junior branch. After the State of Phulra was abolished, both these branches continue to be represented in the area. The descendants of its last Nawab Khan Abdul Latif Khan Tanoli, remained in the area as private residents.
Of the junior branch, Maddad Khan Tanoli had four sons from one wife: Ameer Khan Tanoli, Abdullah Khan Tanoli, Arsla Khan Tanoli and Hussain Khan Tanoli، (his son safiullah khan Tanoli played a ministry role under the khan-i-Zaman khan Tanoli and then his successor Muhammad Farid khan Tanoli ruler of amb state). From second wife Bahadur Khan Tanoli was one other surviving son. There descendants are living in Gojra village, Masand, Doga, shergarh, Kangra colony and in Rawalpindi. They are all private citizens today.
- ^ Y-chromosome Genetic family Vol. 99 Sub.division Tanoli own history and DNA analysis ( Indo-European family) classify."
- ^ a b c The Pakistan Gazetteer, vol. 5 (Cosmo Publications, 2000), p. 243
- ^ Hubert Digby Watson, Gazetteer of the Hazara District, 1907, p. 187
- ^ Major H Wace 'District Settlement Report on Hazara' 1874
- ^ Imperial Gazettze of India rule . Principle States in British India.
- ^ a b c This information is taken from there descendants that are still surviving.
- ^ Governor-General's Orders GGO NO. 51 of 1921, given at Simla, vide section B of the Gazette of India