Phạm Minh Chính

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Phạm Minh Chính
Official portrait, 2021
8th Prime Minister of Vietnam
Assumed office
5 April 2021
PresidentNguyễn Xuân Phúc
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân (acting)
Võ Văn Thưởng
DeputyPhạm Bình Minh (2021-2023)
Preceded byNguyễn Xuân Phúc
Head of the Party Organizing Commission
In office
5 February 2016 – 8 April 2021
Preceded byTô Huy Rứa
Succeeded byTrương Thị Mai
Other offices held
  • 24 August 2021 – present: Head for Covid-19 Response
  • 8 April 2021 – present: Vice Chairman of the National Defense and Security Council
  • 4 February 2016 – 31 January 2021: Member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party's Central Committee
  • 27 January 2016 – present: Member of the Politburo
  • 8 August 2011 – 9 April 2015: Secretary of Quang Ninh Provincial Party Committee
  • 18 January 2011 – present: Member of the Communist Party Central Committee
Personal details
Born (1958-12-10) 10 December 1958 (age 64)
Hậu Lộc, Thanh Hóa Province, North Vietnam
Political partyCommunist Party of Vietnam (1982–present)
SpouseLê Thị Bích Trân
Alma materHanoi University
Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest
Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
Awards Labor Order
Military Exploit Order
Feat Order
Glorious Fighter Medal
Military service
Branch/serviceVietnam People's Public Security
Years of service1996–2011
Rank Police lieutenant general

Phạm Minh Chính (born 10 December 1958) is a Vietnamese politician and public security general. He is the current Prime Minister of Vietnam, the third highest ranking after General Secretary of the Communist Party and the President of Vietnam.

A member of the Politburo of the Communist Party since 2016, Chính is also the Vice Chairman of the National Defense and Security Council of Vietnam. He is a Member of the National Assembly of Vietnam and a Lieutenant General of the People's Public Security Forces.[1]

Prior to his premiership, Chính was the Head of the Party's Central Organizing Commission, Head of the Committee of Internal Political Protection and a former Member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party (2016–2021). He also served as the Party Secretary (Governor) of Quảng Ninh province (2011–2015), Deputy Minister of Public Security (2010–2011), Head of the MPS General Department of Logistics and Technology (2010) and Deputy Head of the MPS General Department of Intelligence (2006–2009).[1]

He holds a Bachelor of Civil Engineering, a Doctor of Law, and an Advanced Degree in Political Theory. Chính is also an Associate Professor of National Security Studies.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Phạm Minh Chính was born on 10 December 1958, in the commune of Hoa Lộc, Hậu Lộc district, Thanh Hóa province, North Vietnam, in a family of eight siblings. His father was a local cadre and civil servant, and his mother was a farmer.[3] In 1963, he followed his family to build a New Economic Zone in the town of Phong Sơn, Cẩm Thủy, Thanh Hóa. As a child, he attended Cẩm Thủy High School.[4] After graduating from high school in 1975, he studied at Hanoi University of Foreign Studies (now Hanoi University).

In 1976, he was sent to the Socialist Republic of Romania to study at Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest. He studied Romanian and majored in Civil Engineering. In 2000, he successfully defended his Doctor of Law thesis, becoming a Doctor of Law. On March 9, 2010, he was conferred the academic title of Associate Professor in Law.[5]

Phạm Minh Chính was admitted to the Communist Party of Vietnam on December 25, 1986, and became an official member on December 25, 1987. He also attended courses at Hồ Chí Minh National Academy of Politics, receiving an Advanced Degree in Political Theory.[6]

Political career[edit]

In January 1985, Phạm Minh Chính became an Intelligence officer within the Department of Intelligence within the Ministry of Public Security. Among other roles, he served as an intelligence officer in the Department of Europe and America within the Department of Intelligence. In March 1991, Phạm Minh Chính became an officer of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, working at the Vietnamese Embassy in Romania.[7]

In November 1994, he returned to the Ministry of Public Security, becoming the Deputy Head of the Department of Europe. Between May 1999 and August 2010, he served as the Deputy Director of several departments. In August 2010, he became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the 11th Party Congress. He was re-elected at the 12th party congress in February 2015. In February 2016, he became a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Prime Minister of Vietnam[edit]

Phạm Minh Chính with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken in May 2022

In early 2021, the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam took place. Foreign media suggested before and during the congress that Pham Minh Chinh would be the most likely new Prime Minister of Vietnam after the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam.[8][9][10]

On 5 April 2021, he was elected as Prime Minister of Vietnam at the 11th working session of the 14th National Assembly.[7]

COVID–19 pandemic[edit]

Fund for Prevention[edit]

Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính meets President of Indonesia Joko Widodo in 2021.
Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính at COP26

Faced with the increasingly complicated epidemic situation in Ho Chi Minh City, Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính requested the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Health and a number of localities with experience to The anti-epidemic experiment continued to support and prioritize the aid of warlike forces for Ho Chi Minh City during the online meeting on the morning of July 4, 2021.[11] In the face of the situation that Ho Chi Minh City recorded more than 13,000 infections and during the period of social distancing within 15 days when implementing Directive 16 from July 9, 2021, Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính directed to prioritize 25% national vaccine for the city. HCM City to strive to inject 2 million doses for city people by the end of July 2021.

Facing the increasingly complicated situation of the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam, Vietnam needed more than 150 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine to vaccinate about 75 million people, with total funding needs estimated at more than 25 thousand billion. However, the Vietnamese economy faced many difficulties, the need for funding for the purchase of vaccines is very large and the state budget is limited. Facing that situation, Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính signed and promulgated Resolution 53/NQ-CP approving the establishment of a COVID-19 vaccine fund on May 27, 2021.[12]

Environment and climate change[edit]

The Prime Minister attended and delivered important speeches at the COP26 Conference, attended and spoke at events announcing the initiatives of a number of important partners on the sidelines of COP26 such as the announcement of the Global Methane Emission Reduction Commitment demand, action on forests and land use.[13]

Foreign policy[edit]

Phạm Minh Chính with US President Joe Biden and Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva at the 49th G7 summit

In 2023, by invitation from Li Qiang and the World Economic Forum, Phạm Minh Chính would visit China as well as attend the World Economic Forum.[14][15]


Pham Minh Chinh has a son and a daughter. His younger brother - Pham Tri Thuc, used to hold the position of Vice Chairman of the National Assembly's Law Committee under the National Assembly Standing Committee, a member of the National Assembly of Vietnam XIII and XIV. Member of the Law Committee of the XIII and XIV National Assembly.[16] His younger sister Director General of Internal Affairs (Department 4), Government Office.[17]


  1. ^ a b "Phạm Minh Chính elected Prime Minister of Việt Nam". Vietnam News. 2021-04-05.
  2. ^ TTXVN. "Phạm Minh Chính". Retrieved 2023-02-15.
  3. ^ "Thông tin: Phạm Minh Chính". Vietnamnet. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "Trường cấp 3 Cẩm Thủy – Trường THPT Cẩm Thủy 1 - huyện Cẩm Thủy long trọng tổ chức Lễ kỷ niệm 50 năm (1963 – 2013) thành lập và đón nhận Huân chương lao động hạng nhất". Cẩm Thủy High School. Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  5. ^ Minh Thu (Feb 7, 2016). "Chúc mừng ông Phạm Minh Chính vừa được phân công đảm nhiệm chức vụ Trưởng Ban Tổ chức Trung ương". Viromas. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  6. ^ "Tiểu sử đồng chí Phạm Minh Chính, Ủy viên Bộ Chính trị, Bí thư Trung ương Đảng, Trưởng Ban Tổ chức Trung ương". Xây dựng Đảng. February 6, 2016. Archived from the original on February 22, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Tóm tắt tiểu sử Thủ tướng Chính phủ Phạm Minh Chính". VTV. 2021-04-05.
  8. ^ "The CPV's 15th Plenum: "The Art of the Possible" in Vietnamese Politics FULCRUM". 2021-01-24.
  9. ^ "Names of Vietnam's Next Top Leaders Circulate Despite Warnings Against Leaks". 2021-01-26.
  10. ^ "Leaked Vietnamese Personnel Appointments Show Diversions From Norm – The Diplomat". 2021-01-24.
  11. ^ "Tập trung cao nhất chống dịch tại TP HCM".
  12. ^ "Thành lập Quỹ vaccine phòng COVID-19".
  13. ^ "Vietnam's COP26 commitments: a moment of truth". International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 23 May 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  14. ^ VnExpress. "PM Chinh to visit China, attend World Economic Forum meeting - VnExpress International". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam. Retrieved 2023-06-24.
  15. ^ Laws, Vietnam Politics (2023-06-25). "PM Chính arrives in China for official visit to China, participation at WEF". EIN News. Retrieved 2023-06-25.
  16. ^ Trung tâm Tin học – Văn phòng Quốc hội. "Danh sách thành viên Ủy ban Pháp luật của Quốc hội khóa XIII". TRANG TIN ĐIỆN TỬ QUỐC HỘI VIỆT NAM. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  17. ^ Minh Phương (2009-10-20). "Bổ nhiệm một số cán bộ cấp vụ thuộc VPCP". Cổng thông tin Chính phủ. Archived from the original on 2021-03-17. Retrieved 2021-03-18.

External links[edit]