Peter Folger (Nantucket settler)
|Resting place||Founders Burial Ground, Nantucket|
|Occupation||Poet and interpreter|
|Notable work||A Looking Glass for the Times|
|Spouse||Mary Morrell Folger|
|Parent(s)||John Folger Jr.|
|Relatives||Benjamin Franklin (grandson)|
Peter Folger or Foulger (died 1690) was a poet and an interpreter of the American Indian language for the first settlers of Nantucket. He was instrumental in the colonization of Nantucket Island in the Massachusetts colony. He was the maternal grandfather of Benjamin Franklin.
A Baptist missionary, teacher, and surveyor, his dealings with the native population promoted harmony between the Native Americans and European settlers.
Peter Folger was born in England, the son of John Folger Jr. and Meribah Gibbs. He left Norwich, Norfolk, England for America in 1635, settling initially in Watertown, Massachusetts, and later moving to Martha's Vineyard, where he worked as a teacher and surveyor. His father, John, a widower, came to the colonies in 1636 and ultimately settled in Martha's Vineyard.
In 1644, he married Mary Morrell, whom he met on the voyage from England. Morrell was an indentured servant and Folger bought her freedom from Hugh Peters for £20. They had nine children by 1669, the last of whom, Abiah Folger, married Josiah Franklin, and was the mother of Benjamin Franklin.
At the Vineyard, Folger supported himself by teaching school and surveying land. He was hired by Governor Thomas Mayhew and his son Thomas Mayhew Jr. to convert the Native American population to Christianity, during which time he learned to speak the native language. He was a Baptist in faith, and as such was told not to visit with the Puritans on the mainland. Rev. Experience Mayhew, in a letter to John Gardner, Esquire, dated 1694, states that when Thomas Mayhew, Jr. left for England in 1657, he left the care of his church and mission to Peter Folger.
From time to time between 1659 and 1662, Folger journeyed to Nantucket in order to survey it for the proprietors. He was an interpreter for Tristram Coffin. In 1663 Folger moved to Nantucket full-time, having been granted a half a share of land by the proprietors, where he was a surveyor, an Indian interpreter, and clerk in the courts. Shortly thereafter, Folger's daughter, Abiah, was born, later to become the mother of Benjamin Franklin.
- A Looking Glass for the Times, or the Former Spirit of New England Revived in this Generation (1675)
- A Denunciation of War
- Franklin, Benjamin; Sparks, Jared; Temple, William; Franklin; Storm, G. F.; Andrews, Joseph (1856). The Life of Benjamin Franklin. Boston: Whitman, Niles, and Hall. p. 543.
- Alexander Starbuck (June 2009). Nantucket Genealogies. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 740. ISBN 978-0-8063-5106-3.
- Trent, William Peterfield; Benjamin Willis Wells (1903). Colonial Prose and Poetry. Thomas Y. Crowell & co. pp. 111.
- New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol 16. Samuel G. Drake. 1862. pp. 269.
- Cutter, William (1922). "American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, Volume 12".
- Worron, Harriet B. (1881). "Trustum" and His Grandchildren. Published by the author. p. 36.
- "Nantucket Founders Burial Ground Information". Nantucket Historical Association. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Jared Sparks (1844). The Works of Benjamin Franklin: Containing Several Political and Historical Tracts Not Included in Any Former Edition, and Many Letters, Official and Private, Not Hitherto Published; with Notes and a Life of the Author. C. Tappan. p. 543.
- The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 16. By New England Historic Genealogical Society
- American Marriages Before 1699 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, US: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997. Original data: Clemens, William Montgomery. American Marriage Records Before 1699. Pompton Lakes, NJ, US: Biblio Co., 1926.